Chapter 1324313

See chapter in newspaper

Chapter NumberA Chapter of Future History
Chapter Title
Chapter Urlhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1324313
Full Date1871-09-04
Page Number3
Corrections0
Word Count2926
IllustratedN
Last Corrected0000-00-00
Newspaper TitleThe Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933)
Trove TitleThe Second Armada: A Chapter of Future History
article text

THE SECOND ARMADA.

A CilVFTFll OV FüfVIlI KllTOBi.

(rime«, June 23 )

lis tho sunset of life uivn mo inrsMcil loro Anil co nlng muntee ist their ihulovvd lioforo

Shortly after tho close of lho wir botweon Fronco and Gcimunv, in 1871 the English uluimuta seemed inireiisoiablo to an extent that verged on fuoli'hnoss iSove.1 vv u theio u pouod when, to nil outward seeming, on invasion of England was less probable 01 feasible Fianco was stucken clown and thsiblid Wo had ami- cably ni ranged our dillercnc s with tbo United Stutoj, mid tho gre liest nulli iry nation of tho Continent had apparently mil hei the disposition nor the power to become a formidable ass ulant of our iiidopoiidenco If ovoi (biro »us a country »ho«o intcicsts aid constitution pointed to u pa lllo pohev, it »oa United Gel many bhe requiied peace to consolidate hei cmpiio, mid clio could not make wui without calling tho mcicantila mun from his desk, the piofessionul or hteiaiy man fiom his study, the «hopkceptt fiom his coun- ter, und tho ugiiiultuiist li mi tho idough 1 hen, all pmvoilui on lind, she vvns povverlea« on tho seas A contest between bei mid the mai illino population of un ltd mil mint usomblo a contest botvvieu a dog and a b-h, in willoh noithoi could quit its piupor cloinont for aggro« sue purposis without iiiiiiuiicnt uA of du comfituio in destiuelion Germany would no moro think of bending au ut minni nt across tho Noil li Sea lo invade 1 ngl mil than Fiigland would think ol landing an uimv nt Hamburg to iidvunco on lierlin Not »in tho navv of lho United blnto» «titlidiiillv strong m «ongoing lioncladd like tbo Minolinii oi Mmiiich, to doss the Atlant le and riiiountii tbo 1 nghsli in

(hoir own vvutii«

So thought tin I arj'iud the wiso men of Fug land in 1871 linn thought and aigiutl woll, but wi«o min, ho» i iel well (luv aigue, will sometimos linn out lining, and th y tinned out substantially wiong m tim lnslumi-us wrong

as tilo lato laiiiintcel Cibdtn when ho mudo tho tour of J' ni op« to aimoimeo (bat, foi all tuno to conn, Fleo Irado hail umbri I wai a moral impossibility Unbukilv, mankind no moro ? nui i ii by (Inn pus mu (ben picpichee« their diputes, and linn viiiutv than b) (bon well muli latoo I interests, and so it fe II out that, in lho j tai 1871, (ho (,ie dut ol tho Continental I'owore, having liil.cu umbrage ut tho tono and atliltulo of luifeluiul in ufe renco lo suiidr) fresh panellings out of ton Mon, a I nihill, nu biding tbo most powerful btatc«, was funned for the avowed puipooo of retiming tho Uritisb Islos to tho condition of eonquiiil piovmces to bo divided uuiong tbo roiupiotor« lho best modo of invading H-nn\ uni bil be on so often mudo tho subject of competitive txuinmulion nt the militar) schools that an one,» i di siro to test tinory bv puictico wus felt by oviry young olllcoi of promise, and ii Buying of the greatost of modern sd itegists had fell abroad to tho efloct til itt tbo c ipi mo of London, us comparod willi tint of Puns, would bo child's play {Kimlilyne!) 'ilio timo «a« opportune, for the long smoiileli ring hostility of tho United Slates to Gieat Billum, through a senos of iintovvurd iiecidinils, wus again kindling into Haine Aecoiiluifly, all thu ulu| ping of tho Uultic, nil the naval risourcc« of tho Leaguo, were put under lequisitiun, and u sulheiont number of vessels waa built cspti nilly adapted for tbo lauding of tioopa mi hiding cavalry and in tilluy In ptn tie ii lui a largo provision vviiB mudo of flat bottomed bou!« i irrvmg 100or 150 mon, the sidon of which luulel bo lot donn when tho) vvoro in shallow vvatei or hud boon um on shore A formidable foi co of ironclads

nui to pi « cdo tin transporta und eiigiigo any opposing fono »hilo tim Jumbug win cflcctod, which, U wus e titillated e mid bo ensilv accom- plished in six boms As the Army of Invasion was e iinpuliii al fiom 150 000 I) 200 000 men,

tho allotted I nun sei merl short to (huso who bud

witnessed the landing of (ho 1 reiichuud Lnglish armv in the Cullin i, whiili o copied two elny8, »Itlion li (lint nriny did not exe eel 'io 000 men, mid Ibu binding wus unopposed Hut the great «truli gist lind pioiioiiiut I nix hours Hiilbeicnt, und (bo e,rtut strategist could not pos'ibly have miscalculated such a probli m

In mint luslorios, iluinimg lo bo as vora- cious mid trustwoilh) us (lue ii has boon cou ildoutly assumed that wo thick skulled islanders would »mt quiclly to be knut ki J on tho head hko tho buds cullid boobies, or i aught, hko ?pulrow«, by pulling mil up m our tulls Hut although wo ure constantly running into ti- ti omi«, although wo aia by tutu« piofuso from groundless ailinn mid nicgnrdl) fiom undue (onlidenco, although icprcstiitiitivo institutions uro bv no minns fnvoruhlo to lho production of good udminirttiutora, we mo nut altogether want- ing ni un emeifeiiit), and wo hu I piuliled somo »hat from (ho ii roi s of nur iiiighb rs in 1870 71 Our arm) bud been placid on u respect ublo footing m point of i umbu« , it wus well ullin red undi i tbo now syiitom of scleo turn, botb IttgulirH mil Irrigulais had been supplied with the most improved pattern of biooihloadirs, out mlillirv, us ii gards quality, »us (what liu ;e m I mu 1 ol our mfuutrv) tho best in I iiropo, tho const bud been care full) 6iirvc)id, inrthwoihs thrown up in «onto planen nile pits uno li lui lu ii du,, in others, und railway communieition uni ui so completo (bit u lurgo foi co .»."lil bo one ntratul nt tho shortibt nolito on a point It need bardi) bo aided that um iliphmuti iij ouls weioou the alni, bo lint an i noimons armament i nulli not hi got te)('itliei ni an) q uirtci of I mope will out in iliii(» mi ulai in Jil point of fact, oin iluieriiminl nero opportunely udvisod lluit tho iiiiiisidii was sin nilly undiluted, und that tim must bo aniiultiiidii'l) on thoir gumti ngiimst au Amené in Miuudi'o i »hieb wa« lo io opt nile ni u li ni in u sin lection of li eland, lho bulk of (ho I ncliili Navv was, na usual, siuttuc I abroa I, but ti c Channel lUect, complote in i umbers mil i (Uipiiiuit »us m tho Down«, mid u mimbil of gunboats und other vessels lud

i cquippc I nu 1 )i it to sen undor orders minim to those is«ued by Nelson when Ñapó- le m »as meditating im invasion from Bou- logne -

' Do not thiow away your Uves uselossly ¡ íelieat towards youl ov n slioics buforoun over- whelming forco , but if tbo enemy attempt to lund, ilatth among thom nt nil hu/uids, and light on till you sink thom oi mu mink "

It wus on thu evening of tho 17th of Juno, 1871, that the Admiralty roouiwd intelligence thal un Anieiioan equudron hid buen sighted oil Milford Haven on ita vva\ to tho lush Sou, uud my Lords imuiodiately tolegiaphed to tho Com- mander ol tho Chunncl Fleet, Admiral Sir Henry Keppel, to bo n tim look out 'lbreo hour« afterward« uriivid tbo news that tbo Armada had beou dosen d, and subsequent re- port« coming in rupidlv left little doubt Hi»» »«. SuUolk toast had bein chosen for Hie lam"»».'

Thovoiy locality mihlit bo >»'"»»td M,,VXr'

ubloeoriuinty from its .ihn-te-..-^'ȣ

lion o ti.« piirposo,J. J»" -..» «uMtt lmd

fiitt that fore it, loll'e.r« nth HllM a]| our beo.iseeiiekiloh.ne, « ? u ' ', , , dli.

tulk "bout un «j. ' ß»i«l«»lT *»»t

fn'tTfi ",« ... IMipoloon's pim of (ho

Ibu Duke of >> e " Í» . , ' lt LJltna too uto ,

Hï,u'0°r.Oly uïot d fioii (ho im

T*,iïX*T*»0MU in the military

tubnetof llio League)

So soon us tbo course of Hie lieu liuost «hip« left no doubt ol lhe prooi'o domination ol lho expedition, thu telegripbs weie »et to work, and all tho available troop« were brought down without dihy His Hoyul Higbuess tho Oom mander imCinof wa« present lu penan, but tho

detailed arrangements were left to Lor! Strath- nairn nnd lord Sandhill-I, os'ietcd by General Wolselev and a well appointed StotT A oouplo of hours Biifliccd to dig in the »and such rifle pits and trenches us were still wanting, and these were manned with tho Guards, the * Bules, a battalion of Marines and tho Inns of

Court Volunteers Hie rockv and uneven ground behind tho bench was occupied by u strong body i f Voltintecis under tho direction

of Lord Lidio, who«e dispositions were au im- provement on tho«e of Rotkric Dhu -

-lie « ivcil his hand

Pown sim!» the eli ippeiring bund

Fach »amor ^ unshed whcia ho stao Î, In broom or bracken beith or wood

Taking advantage of every inequality of the giound, he placed Ins nun so as to te within ea-y range of the ho it« when they should near the shore, und under shelter from the covering ¿io of tho ships A ltigt.de consisting of three regiment» of the lite the Sherwood hangers, and two batteries of hoi»e artillerv, wi s kept in reservo under 'mi Richard Auev The re«t of the artillery, with the exception of one masked battery, wis placed on a mound 01 emincuco commanding a laige portion of the beach, and tho cavalry, including the Blues and 2nd Life Guards, under Liciitcrint General bir James Scailett, were placed behind the heights on the shore In the cont ngency of the enemy effect ing a laudmg in force the cavalry wiro to charge along the beach, und loll them up before they had time to form With them, at the head of his Hu-sor regiment, was the heir apparent to the throne, irresistibly impelled by the heredi- tary courage of lus raie to disobey a Royal order (i««ued from Balmoral) not to leave the capital Torpedoes were laid down by a flotilla of gunboats under Rear Admiral Sherard Osborn, which withdrew when this duty vvos performed, prepared to operate on the flank of the Armada when the landing Bhould commence

It was a timo of agitating suspense to the bravest while the ships of war were taking up their positions to cover the landing, and the transport«, w ero transferring their armed cargoes to the boat« After a-cei taming by careful sounding that they could npproach no nearer, they opened their Sre at about the distance of a mile 'Ibc rocks were shelled, and the strand was swept with round«hot, causing htt'e or no lo«s to the Engli-h, who neypr showed a finger above rifle pit or trench, till tbe landing boat» intervened and the iron hail neces-anly ceased Ihen a signal gun was heard, the battery in the centre of their position wes unmasked, shells aud plunging shot from the mound fell thick and fust among the boats , a hue of fire ran ulong tue beach , the rocks and height« were all in a blaze with musketry The efleet wa- vithenog »hen volley after volley by practi-ed marksmen, each taking au iudnidi.»l aim, poured into boat« crowded with men who»e oiders were to land

and ru«h to clo-e qua ters without returning u shot And gallantly end they struggle to carry out the programme Hilf of one boat's crew and a third of another, some 150 men at the most, did actually reach dry lai d and make a rush at the trench held by the Guard-, »ho shot down nio«t of them as they approucbed, then «prang up and drove the rem tinder back into the water with the bayonet

Here occurred ono of tho«e incidents which show that modern warfare, with all it- mechani al contrivances for who'e

sale and cold blooded butchery, stdl affords «cope for chivalry and romance An officer of distinguished mien, the scion of a princely house, wa« pu-bed to the water's edge, overpowered and exhau-ted although «till fight ing ae'perately, when his dtuation was seen by a young lieutenan of the invading navy from a ship's launch in which he had been Carrying

orders Without a moment's hesitation he com- manded the crew to pull back, and they obsyed with such a will that within n few seconds the boat was run aeronnd, not many yards from their gallant countryman, ond they were spring- ing to the re cue, when a ball struck the lieu tenant and he fell lie sacificed his life to his chivalry, and not a man of the heroic boat's

crew got awoy

Among the many casualties which added to the confu-ion a shell exploded in the boat which carried the leader of the headmost division and his -taff, killing and wounding most of them , and two tran-port« carrying arti ¡ery, ran upon torpedoes nd were blown up Things began to look very unlike Kinderspiel But large sacri- fice- had bein counted on , it wa- known and felt that a first landing on the Briti«b coast nu«t be effected in the spirit of a forlorn hope, and fresh boats were hurrying in or loading from the transports , when, hork ' a low rumb ling sound, like intermitting thunder, is heard from far off, across the sea It is the sound of cannon on the extreme left of the Armada It can be nothing but the Engli-h Channel Fleet. A fa-t steamer had in fact over- taken the Admiral, and, dispatching two of his shipB to watch the Americans, he hod come back ( ike Desaix at Marengo) to give a dtcisive turu to the wavering fortunes of the duy-the day big with the fate oi Tngland, of Etir pe, of the world Ho brought wi li lum seven Crtt doss ironclads, with more than twite us many others of heavy metal, and it was a t^rund und fearful spectacle, the approach of t) ose magnificent machines, instinct with life und motion, cleaving their way right onward throughtbetbiek of thehostilo ar

mament without stoppu g to engage the ships of war, and running down transport ufier trans port , while almo t every shot from t! eir cnor mous guns sent a ship lo tho bottom, or left a boatload of gallant nun struggling for life m the waves If such a fate is appalling to think of or contemplate ut u - ifc distill ce what mu»t it havo been to tho«i who sow and Mt ihnt their own turn was comm,»-who watched with fixod and fa«cinoted gaze the rush of the iron mon .ter that was about to puss crashing otu them ?

The rnihliirv organisation of the irvading army was beyond ull praise , tin order emanating from head quarters might be sail to live ulong the line, und tho skill to restore a losing buttle or effect a retreat wus never w inting, any more than the 6trutegy wh th »ins or improves a vic tory But winn did such skill uruil here, or an untried element, «biro «olihera and c,i neruls were equnllv helpless, where strategy wss use

less at c1 bravery thrown uwnv ' VII boj o of carrying out unv j re organdí pmn waB ut an Cid baute qi i j tut bet ame the w or 1 mnot g the 1 ired or j it -td nuiste rs of transi orts who, Buch of thim us i »ii] d bung run down, made off without wuiiii g to tuke m their oii^inu!

freights Hu win 1 rosi nuil «oon fresh neil to I 8 gale The gunin its windi had füllen bick be fore the advuntii g ai in mu nt now u stilled it on overv side 1 he lire of slulls was t ontinutd

from the heiilita A dttpcrnto sea fitjit was prolonged till tink und jiurliully continued through the indit \\ hen mornn g broki tho

catiistrojuo wus nimio tleur in nil its hoi

rors Iho bu t I ».nuada hud shared the futí of tho first Jlu.t 0f ,JU ilosl,|e lro, cliu|a wtro miiEing ihm "hui. turned ( a, ar mid hit fortunes-in til cr woids, the \duurul Cunnii VSBimo and li« rum-hud rcteivtd a six

bundled pound stiel bended shot between wind . and water, und h «I ,,0 alternative but to strike

Princes, A.eli Dukes, and Dukes were mude prisoncis by the nor. Hie unowned Chief uf n bulliiint bliill wus picked up in uti ulmu-ud Stilto while ciilunoriiig to regeln his ship bv swimming, ufier the I out ni which 1 u waa try ing to remedy tilt coi fu mu bul been tviuirpèd by tho Burge, in d ii bueno llidin es, wh > li u¡ made his wuy io tho chore ut tin luutl ol his contingent, wus with dillliultv pireiiudid to ¡uve up his sword to Punco iulwitid of Suite

Weimar, who enacltd th* jmrt of Bavaid to Francis I ut 1'uiii But wo neuve for uu other Chuptoi tho yumma ejii-odia of this over memorable t iiiuiph and its itstilt»