|Newspaper Title||The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933)|
|Trove Title||Facing Death: A Tale of the Coal Mines|
A TALE OF THE COAL MINES.
By G. A. Henty, in the Union Jack.
Fon a moment Jack stood stunned by tho calamity. There were, he know, over three hundred men and boys in the pit, and he turned faint and sick as tho thought of their fate came across bim. Then he ran towards the top of the shaft. Tho bank man lay insensible, at a distance of somo yards from the pit, where he had been thrown by the force of the explosiou. Two or three mon came running up, with whito scared faces. The binoke had nearly ceased already ; the ilamiige was done, nud a deadly stillness seemed to reign.
Jack ran iuto tho ongiuo-houso. The eugino man was leaning against a wall, scared aud almost fainting.
" Are you hurt, John !"
" Pull yourself round, man. Tho fir*b thing is to see if the lift is all right. I see one of tho cages is at bank, and the forco of the explosion is iu the upcast shaft. Just give a turu or two to the engine, anil tee if the winding gear's all light. Slowly."
The engine-man turned on tho steam ; there was a slight movement, lind then the euglne stopped.
" A little more steam," Jack said. "Tho cage has caught, but it may como."
There was a jeik, aud then the engine began
" That is nil right," Jack said ; " whethor tho cage is ou or not. Stop now, and vviud it back, aud get tho other cage up again. Does the bell
act, I wonder!"
Jack pulled the wire which, when in order, struck a bell at tho bottom of the Bhaf t, aud then ooked at a bell haugiug over his head for the
answer. None came.
' " I expect the wire's broke," Jack said, and went out to the pit's mouth again.
The surface men were all gathered round uow, tho tip-men, and the yard-men, and those from the coke-ovcus, all looking wild and pale.
" I am going down," Jack said ; " we may find somo poor fellows near the bottom, aud oau't wait till somo head-man comes on the ground. Who will go with mo ? I don't want any married meu, for you know, lads, there may be another blow at any moment."
" I will go with you," one of the yard-meu said, stepping forward ; " there's no one depeu
dent on me."
" I, too," said another ; " it's no odda to any- one but lniself whether I oome up again or not. Here's with you, whatever comos of it."
Jack brought throe snfty latnp3 from the lamp room, and took his place in the cage with tho two
"Lower away !" ho shouted, "but p;o veryolovv when we gut near the bottom, and look out for our signal."
It was but throe minutes from the moment that the cage began to sink to thal when it touched the bottom of the shaft, but it scorned au age to those iu it. They knew that nt any moment a second explosion might como, ami Hint they might be driven far up iuto the air above the top of the shaft, more scorched fragmenta of flesh. Not a woid was spoken during the ilwcent, nod there waa a general exclamation of " Thank God !" vvheu tboy felt the cage touch tho bottom.
Jack, as an official of til« mine, and by virtuo of superior energy, at one took the lead.
" Now," he said, " lol us push straight up the
Just na thoy stepped out they carno across the bodies of two men, and scooped over them with their lamps.
" Both dead," Jack said ; "wo can do nought
A lit'lo way on, and in a heap were some waggons thrown together and broken up, tho body of a pony, and that of the lad, his di ivor. Then they cnuio to the first door-n door no longer, not a fragmout of it remaining. lu the door-boy's niche the lad lay in a lionp. Thoy
bent over him.
" Ho is ulive," Jack anid. " Will you two carry him to the cage ! I will look round, and seo if there ia unyouo oIbo about hero ; beyond, thia vvny, thora is no hopo. Mako basto I Look how tho gas is catching ¡unido tho lamps, tho placo is full of flro-damp."
The men took up tho lad and turned lo go to the bottom of the shaft. Jack looked a few yards dowu a cross-road, and thon followed thom. Ho was in the not of turninir, into the next road, to glance at that also, when ho folfc a suck of air.
" Down on your faces I" he shouted, anti, springing a couple of paces farther up the cross- road, thiew himself on his face.
There was a mighty roar-a thundering sound, as of an express tiain-a blinding light, and a Ecorchim; heat. He felt Iiimsolf lifted from tho ground by tho force of the blast, mid dashed (¡own again.
Then ho know it was over, and ataggoied to his feot. Tho forco of the explosiou had passed along tho main road, and so up the shaft, and ho owed
his life to the fact that ho had been in the road off the course, lie returned into the main load, but near the bottom of tho shaft ho waa brought to a standstill. Tho roof had fallen, and tho pa-^sago was blocked with fragments of rock and broken vvaggonB. He knew that tho bottom of the shaft must bo partly filled up, that his com- rades were killed, that there was no hope of escape in that direction. For a moment ho paused to consider ; then, turning up the sido road to the left, ho rau at full speed from tho sim ft. Ho knew that tho dangar now was not so much from tho fire-damp-tho explosivo gas-as from the even more droaded choke-damp, which Burely fullows after an explosion and tho cessation of
Many moro miners aro killed by this choke damp, aa thoy hasten to tho bottom of tho shaft after an oxplosion, than by the fire itself. Choke damp, which is carbonic acid gas, is heavier than ordinary air, and thus tho lowest parts of a colliery become first filled with it, as thoy would with water. In nil coal mines thoro is a slight, sometimes a coubidciablo,inclination, or "dip" as it íb called, of tho othurwiso flat bed of coal. The Bhaftis almost always punk at tho lower end of the area owned by Ilia proprietors of the mino, as by thia means the whole pit naturally drainH to tho " sump," or woll, at tho bottom of the shaft, whence it is pumped up by the eugino above ; tho loaded waggons, too, are run down from tho workiugs to the bottom of tho shaft with com- parative ease.
The explosion had, as Jack well knew, do stroyid all the doors which direct tho currents of air, and the ventilation had ontire'y ceased. Tho lower part of the mine, wboro the explosion had been strongest, would soon bo ulled with choke damp, the product of the oxplosion, and Jack was mak ng for tho old workings, near the upper boundary line of the pit. Thero the air would remain pure long after it had been vitiated else-
It was in thic quarter of the mino that Bill Haden and some twenty other cjlliera woiked.
Presently, Jack saw lights ahead, and heard a clattering of steps. It was clear that, a« he had hoped, the miners working there had escaped the foice of the explosion, which had, without doubt, played awful havoc in the parts of the mine where the greater part of the mon were at work.
"Stop ! slop !" Jack shouted, as they carno up
"Is it fire, Jack?" Bill Hfdcn, who was one of the first, asked.
'. Yes, Bill ; didn't you feel it ?"
" Some of us thought wo felt a suck of air a quartor hour sinco, but wo weren't sure ; and then carno another, which blew out the lights. Como along, lad ; there ia no time for talking."
" It's of no use going on," Jack said ; " the shaft's choked up. I came down after the first blow, and I fear thoro'a no living soul in the now workings. By thii time they must ba full of the choke-damp."
The mon looked at each other with blank faces. " Rust seen Brook?" Jack asked, eagerly.
"Ay, he passed our stall with one of tho Wilkinsons, ten minutes ago, just before the blast
" We may catch him in time to stop lum yet," Jack uaid, " if he has gone round to look at the walling of the old goufa, Thero are tlireo men at woik there." '
" I'll go with you, Jack," Bill Hvlen said. " Our beat placa is my stall, lads," ho went on, turning to the others : " that is pretty well the highest ground in the pit, and the air will keep good Ibero as long as anywhere-may be, till help comes. You como along of us, mate," he said, turning to tho man who worked with him in hin
As they hurried along, Jack, in a few words, told what had taken place,"ää far as he knew it. Five minutes' run brought them to the placa
where the masons wero at work walling up the entrance to some old workings. They looked
nstoniahed at the new cornera.
" Have you seen tho gallera ?"
" Ay, thoy ho.' juat goue on. There, don't you seo his light d -vvu Um heading ? No ? well I
saw ita moment since."
" Come nioner," Jack snid. " Quick I I oxpccfc they've met it."
At full speed they hurried along. Presently they all stopped .-hurt ; tim lights burnt low, and a choking «cuan.! ion came mi them.
"Bick, Jack, fir your life!" gasped Bill Haden ; but ¡it that moment Jack's feet struck something, which he knew was a body.
" Down nt my feet ; help !" h'i cried,
Then he stooped and tried to raise the body. Then tho la»t gleam of his light went out-his lungs s'cmcd to ceasn acting, and he s:iw no moro.
When he panie to himself açain ho was boiug
carried on Hill linden's shoulder.
"All ii¿ht, dad," ho said. "I am coming round now ; put me down."
" That's a good j-ib, Jick. I thought thoud'at scaice come mund nu im."
" Have you got t-itlier of tho otheis !"
" WV.« gut ¡hook ; you'd your .arru mund him so tight that Ned and 1 lifted you together. He's on ahead ; the masons aro carrying Urnuk, and Ned's skuwii.g the way. Caust walk now ?"
" Ye», I'm better now. How did you manage to btvatlie, dad ?"
"We didn't breathe, Jack; we're too old hauch), for th it. Wbun wo Baw you fall, ave just drew back, took a breath and then shut our mouths, and went down for you just, the same na if we'd been a groping for you uudor water. Wo got hold of you both, lifted you up and carried you along as far us we could before we drew a broath again. Yc-u'ro shaip, Jack, but you don't kuovv everything yet.". Ami Bill Haden chuckled to find that for uncí his practical experience taught him something that Jack bud
not learned from his bin<ks.
Jack now hurried ulong after Bill lindon, aud iu a few minnies ruaehed the place fixed upon. Hero tho miners were engaged iu lestoring conscious- ness to Mr. Bro >k, who, under the influence of water dashed on his fuco and artificial respiration sat up by alternately preshiug upnu the cliost aud allowing it to rise »gain, was just begiuuing to show signs of life. Their interest iu their em- ployment was so great that it was not until Air. Brook ivis ablo to tit up that they bogan to talk
about tho future.
Jack's nccouut of the stale of things near the shaft was listeued lo gravely. The fact that the whole of lha Byateui of veutilutiou lind beeu deranged, and the proof given by the second i-x plosiou that t!ie mino was somewhere mi fire-, needed no counneut to these oxparionced men.
It sounded their death knell. Gallaul mid un-
ceasing as would be tho ellar ts made under any other circunasttitiec-a to roscuo thom, the fact that the pit was on fire, and that fresh explosions might at any moment tke place, would render it an net of himple inndiiess for their friends above to endeavour to clear the shaft mid lu'iid ings, aud to i-estoio the ventilation. The fact was further Impressed upon them by n pudden and simultaneous li ¡ck or of the lumps, und a faint Bhako, followed by n distant rumble,
" Another blast," Rill Haden said. " That settles us, lads. Wo may as well turu out all tho lamps but two, so as to have light as long as we
. "la lhere no hopo?" Mr. Brook asked presently, coming forward after ho bud heard fruin lladen's mate (hu mauuer iu which hu had been so far saved.
"No1 a scrap, master," said Bill Haden. "Wo aro liku rats in a trap ; anil it would ha' beeu kinder of us if vvo'd a let you lay as you was."
" Your intention ivis equally kind," Mr. Brook Biiid. '' But is thero nothing that W6 can do ?"
"Nought," Bill Haden snid. "Wohavo got our dinners wi' up, and might maka 'om last, a mouthful at a lime, to keep lifo in us for a week or moro. But what 'nd bo th' ubo of it ? It may be weeks -ay, or ni mtlia-beforo thoy can stille the fire mid inako their way hero."
" Can you suggest nothing, Jack !" Mr. Brook asked. " You are the only officer of the pit left now," ho added with n faint smile.
Jack had not Bpokon sinco ho reached tho stall, but had sat down on n block of coal, willi his elbows on his knees and his chin on his hands
ii favourite attitude of hw when thinking deoply.
The other colliers had thrown tliouiaolvondown
on the ground ; soma sobbed occasionally as they thought of their loved ones abovo, somo lay in
Jack answered the appeal by rising lo hi» foot. " Yos, sir, 1 tlaiuk wo may do something." Tho men raised themselves in surprise.
" lu the first place, air, I should send mon iu each direction to seo how near tho-ehoke-damp has got. Thero aro four roads by which ii could como up. 1 would shut tho doora uu this aide of tho place it has got to, voll blocks of coal and rubbish to keep 'em tight, and stop up tho chinks with wet mud. Thal will keep tho gua from coming up, and thora ia air enough in the stalls and lieadingB to last us a long time."
" Hut tl'iil would only prolong our lives for a few hours, Jack, and 1 don't knuw thal that would bo any ¡ulv.anlige. Botter to be choked by tho gas than to dio ni starvation," Mr. Brook said, and a murmur from tho mon showed Hub Uley agreed with him.
"I vote for lighting our pipes," ouo of the mineiu said. "11 thciu lu fiery gas hero, ii would bo botter to finish with it. at once."
Thero was a geucral expression of approval.
"Wait!" Jack raid authoritatively ; '" wail lill I havo done. You know, Mr. Brook, we aro olopu to our north boundary hero, in some places within a very few yards. Now Ibo ' Logan,' which lie« next to us, hau been worked out years ago. Of courso it ia full of water, and ii was from four of tapping that water that tho works woro slopped hero. A good deal oines in through tho crevices in No. In stall, which 1 expect ia nearest to ib. Now if we could work into the .'Logan,' the water would rush down into our vvorkin ;b, and, as our pit is a good deal bigger than tho Logan ever waa, it will fill the lower walkings and pul out the fire but wou't teach here. Then wo can get up through tho Ligan, where tho air is puro to bo nil right, ¡is the water is sure to bring good air down willi it. Wa nany not do it, iu time, bul it io a chance. What do you say, air ?"
"It is worth tiying, at any rate, Jack," Mr. Brook »aid. " Bravo, my lad ! your clear head may eave us yet."
" By gum, Jack ! bul you'ro ¡i good mi !" Bill Radon said, bringing down his hand on Jack's shoulder with a force that aluioal knocked him down ; while tho men, with revived hope, leaped ti their feet, and, crowding round Jack, shook his hands with exclauintionu of approval and delight.
"Now, ladi»," Mr. Brook said, "Jack Simpson ia muster now, and wo will all work under his oidor». But beforo wo begin, boys, let us say a prayer. We are in God's hands; lot in,ask Hin protection."
Every head was bared, and tho men stood icvercntly while, iu a few words, Mr. Brook prayed for strength and protection, and rescue from their danger.
" Now, Jack," bo Kihi, when he had finiahed, " give your ordeiv."
Jack at once sent off two men along each of the roads, to find how nour the choke-damp had approahed, and to block up und Beal tho doors. It was necessary to itrike a light to relight some of the lamps, but this waa ii danger that could
not be avoided.
Tho real of the mon were sent round to all the
places where work lisd boen going on, to bring in the tools and dinners to No. lo stall, to which Jack himself, Bill lindon, and Mr. Brook pro- ceeded at once. The work had been done thero for years. Tho floor waa covered with black mud, and a close examination of the face showed tiny streamlets of water trickling down in several piases. Au examination of thn Btalla, or -work- ing places, on cither side, showed timilar appear- ances, but in a less marked degree. It was there- fore determined to begin work in No. 15.
" You don't mean to uee powder, Jack ?" Bill
" No, dad ; without any ventilation we should bo chokud with tho smoke, and there would be the dinger from the gas. When wo think wo aro getting near the water, we will put in a big shot,
so as to blow in tho face."
When the men returned with the tools .and the dinneic, the latter done up iu handkerchiefs, Jack naked Mr. Rrook to take charge of tho food.
" There are just twenty of us, air, without you, and nineteen dinners. So if you divide among iib four dinners a day, it will List for Ave daye, and by that time I hopo we shall bo free."
Four men only could work nfc the face of tho stall together, and Jack divided the twenty into
" Wo will work in quarter-of-an-hour shifts at first," ho said ; " that will give an hour's rest to
a quarter of an hour'B work, and amil can work well, we kuo v, foi a quarter of an li > ir When woget dine up wo will have bnlf hour shifts which wi'l givo twohoura foi aBleepmbotwceu
Tho hrst ^hift men, stripped aa u«ml to the waist, set tu work without au instant b del iy , and tho mçoiu nul swiftness with winch tho blows fell tin in the fico ( f the rock would li i\o told e\ppneuced mtner» that the men who stood thero wire work ne, for lifo or death Iho i thor uieu Jitk ttok into the ndj icent stalls und set them to « >ik to clou a lrnimw strip of the floor ne^t to the tiupei w II, then to cit alittle gio ive in the rciky fljur nbnç, it, to intercept the watei as it rio viy trickle 1 in, and lead it to sin ill hollows which thiywe-o to make in tho solid lock The watei e> ung tbr mji tho two stalls would, Unis e jlbetid, I n ample firU-cu wants Jack then *t"ited to «co ho y the mon at w< ik at the d on wiro g ttinc, on Tlioso had alroidj nearlj (im-daid th ir tanka On lim ii ad leading to the mun workings eli k" damp had bein met willi nt a disMncoof fifcj yitda from the still , but iipin the nppei r id it w is sovotnl hundred jttidsbof io it ivaa f und On the othei two louis it waa ov ti a hundí d yards lho men Ind torn «tupa oil th-it Humel j icketsand 1ml tin list
Ullin into the c enees of the doors and bud then pliotered mud fr m the loulvvaj on thtcklv, and thero wai no reis u ti fiar any irruí tian of eli ko dimp, iinhsi in lud an e\plosim should tilka pit o «-o viiluif na tu blon in (lu d lots lins, li iwever, win imlikolj, as, with a firo I urn mg, tho gaa would ígnito na it ciraoout , ami although llieio inujit bo tnanj uunor e\pl linns thom would scitulj lo one so scuouaas the two first th it lind t iken ] laen
Ihowoik it tho d ora and tho wnlei lining ov n, tho uieu nil cjilhored in tho st ill a hen Jack insisted on an equal div isi m of tho tobacco, of which almost all the minéis pnssossid Borne-for colliers, forlu Iden to au oke, of ti ti eli jw tobacco, and the tobacco lui Jit theie'oro be icgirdeil i athol as n liiMm, and as boing \ory valuablo in assisting tho m n to keop dawn tho plugs of luuiL/t lins oul\ bul to be divided iuto tvveutj shires,as Mi hiook su 1 that ho could not uso it in tint wav, and tint he had, mm envoi, ii couple, of cn,nrs ni hu pocket, which hu could suck if
bud chiven to it
Now that thej won together again all lho lumps weio cx'ant.iushid, Ravo (ho tvo reqitiud by lho men at work \\ itb woik tu bo d mo, und ¡i hopo of ultim toioletfti tho nuns sj 111I3 i oso, and between thnr BpollH of work Hu j talki d, mil now and then even a hugh was heard Mr Biook, althouidi nuable to lo 11 shire of tim woik, was vniy vnltiatli! 111 aiding to keep up til 11 spinN, bj lui hopeful talk, and b" mee lobs of people who hid beeu iu gre it dtitioti 111 111 my vvtjs 111 did tent puts of thf woill, bul who had finally oacaped Som times one oi other of tile men would piopo e n bj mu-foi, among Hilliers as among sailors, theio is at heart a deep ri
hgious feeling, cms quent upan 11 lito which may nfc anj momout bil cut (-liort-anil thin then doop voices would usa to^oUn r, while tho bl ws of the sledges and pteka v\ ul 1 keop time to tin Bivuifof t'10 tune On tho aducoof Mi Bru k lho men each divided then portions of food, small as it waa, into two pot turns to be e iten twelvo hours aput , f 11, as the woik would pio cued without nit motion iiijriit niul daj, it v\na hiittor to eat, howevoi httlo, eviry twelvo houis, th in to go twentj f 111 without f od
lim hint twentj fjur hours over, tho stall 01 nthei the hcaduiL,, foi it v. a now driven 13 mu row iib it waa 1 o-uiblo fji foin mon to woik simultaneously-greatly adv meed , mdoid it would have been dilllcult foi a niiuei to boliovu tint bo much woik had been donn 111 the tiuip TI1010 was, howovoi no dimgo 11 tho ippcai
anees , tliL vv ter still ti ckli d in but Uley could not pcici ivo tint it «mc fnalci (han la foro As fast aa tho coal fell-f ir foi tunatoly the scam w l8 over -1ft thick s > th it tin j did not havo to woik upon the lock-it vv is îouiovcd by tho set of mon who wcie next for work, so that thero vv ia
not 1 niiuute [oat from tins causo
lho nc\l twoutj four Routs naw almost as nmili woik douonsupou tho fuat but upon lho (hu I theio waa a decided filling oil lho ne mt j foi d was telling upon them now 'lho shifts vvoio lon¿tlieucnd to au hum to 1II01 longci tuno for Bleep between each «poll of woik, and each set of mon when lohoveil threw Ihemselvea down, ox. hanstcd, and slept foi thno horns, until it waa thou tuin t> vvako up aud lcmovotho coal as tho sot al \v 01 k g jt it down
At tho end of sovcuty-fciro kauto, tho water was c< muiR thiontji he fice much fasti 1 than al lu bl, -md tho old nuncm iciuatimtcd ta ]u'go by Biund weio of opinion that the wall m fioul sounded less solid, and that thoy weio nppioach mg tho old workings ot tho Lot, 111 pit In lho tinco day« and nights they hal dnvou tho he id nig m lily hftoon j iris, from tho p mil wbcio thoy had begun Upon tho fmilli dey thoy woikid eau tunis'y, di iving 1 birei 3tt abe id of thom into tho cml, as in case of tho vv itir buist lug through suddenly thoy would lui all di owne I
At the end of muoty bom s finia tho time 1 f sinking the fiisl blow, tho drill v Inch, Jack luid hil, it, Bill Haden was just dnvuif,iu doepci with a 1 le Igo, suddonlj wont forw aid and as pud lenly Hen out an if shot fiom 1 gun, follow fd lay a 1 . ofi 1U1 dnvou with ti em jndoiia forci A plnr «1 ich bad been pre) aud in ipulmus, was vith difheultj ilrivon into ti c hole t\v mun vi ho 1ml beeu knocked down by the force of til.) vita win pi k d up, much bruised mil hurt , and, willi thankful heal ta t a^ the cud if thou 1 ib mt waa ni li md, all propan d for tha last and moat cutieil poilian of their taak
flO III rlNTINUII) J
A u>oii ¡llintiiitioii of tho doteclivo quality waa shown in tho trial of a liouaebif-akor a few years ago. Tim burglary wai effected-aa most Inn (.'lanes aro-by the aid of a neighbouring mi inhabited house, Tho thieves crossed along tim roof, und m.ado their descent through a skylight. Thoy robbed tho premises at their leisure, and decamped successfully with the stolon property. Thero was one clue loft-only ou«. A hat was found on the roof. Tho bat wita Bent to Scot- land yard, ami tho forco wero invited to iriBpecfc it. Ono policeman immediately said that ho knew who waa the owner. In tho event it waa
found ho was aa good as bia word. 'J'lio owner was discovered, mid, hoing uiiablo to givo a satisfactory account of how ho spent the even- ing of tho burglary, and, moroover, being, awk- wardly for bim, in the possession of tho stolen property, tho jury cimo to tho conclusion that ¡io was guilty, nud found thuir verdict accord- ingly. A moro intoiestiug question remained. How did the policeman know tho exact head on which to fit thal very unlucky hat ? Tho con- nubio told tim story himself, ifo hail been on duty in tho gallery of the Old Bailey during lho trial of a vieil known binglar. Ho Bat on a back bench, and wore plain clothes, and he noticed in front of him a young man with a highly criminal typo of face, who seemed to tako tho greatest interest in tho trial. Tho constable accordingly took the greatest interest in him and in till his bolongingB, aud, as tho unconscious spectator hold his hat in his band, looked into it and, as Inspector Bucket would say, "totted ii up." Tho reaulfc of this little sum in addition was tho
registering in bia memory of a peculiarly-sbuprtl gi case maik on tho lining which crossed the maker's name. The constable never forgot that hat, und tho professional carool' of ita owner soon rendered him more and moro interesting. Thus lie was able tit a moment to restore to the burglar the property he had beon so unfortunate as to leave behind him on the roof,
" Buet Haute" (a recent visitor in England tells the Now Yoik correspondent of the Phila- delphia Press) "is now tho most pronounced cockney in the whole of England. . I don't bo lievo he remember» that theio is any such placo at all as San Francisco. Why, ho actually told mo, with an immmBe amount of patronage about it, too, that he dined on an average f-.ix times a week w ith the nobility. Ai.d ho fui ther declared that 50,000 pun,' ps he called it, had been tub coi ¡bed to start a magazine for him over there. Bia consulate is a sinecure, I understand, and he Bcarcaly ever leave« London, although his post of duty is at Glasgow."
A ooiuiEsro.vui'NT of the Loudon Daily News, writing from Cannes, says : " I want you to r'ivo a word against thut hell of this neighbour- hood, ' Monto Carlo.' It is no credit to this French republic, and is a disgrace to tho civilised wojld. I should doubt if there was a placo in Europe around which more dfgrading immorality 'is gathered than that beautiful spot on the Riviera. This gambling establishment is a thing of beauty outside, while within all id coiruption. I hear that ero long an influential committee will be formed in London to publish to the world the doing« at Monte Carlo, and to make an appeal to the French liepublican Government; for its early suppression."