Chapter 169756059

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Chapter NumberXX
Chapter TitleAN OLD DISCUSSION RENEWED.
Chapter Urlhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article169756059
Full Date1897-03-07
Page Number8
Corrections0
Word Count3080
IllustratedN
Last Corrected0000-00-00
Newspaper TitleTruth (Sydney)
Trove TitleAn Australian Anarchist
article text

BpW-' ' AH r AUSTRALIAN ANARCHIST

lj^ (.All Bights Here rvcd.j

I.. (Bv V, L. THOMAS.)

[j Chapteb XX, fiff' AI OLD DISCUSSION RENEWED.

SMRj... Though still on good terms with tbe Did Unionist*, Morton soon completely Urt teach with the Labor movement He *-« tbat tb* so-called New Unionism was (j^MpS ?«tfcwc m*re or lew than basfard Sscial : jR|S:. ism. The amalgamation of the skilled with ? tbe on skilled trades mast, he predicted, end i Bp. in levelling dewn — not in levelling up— ! iMftA' as so but of the New U&ionisU antiei

I!' ';. pated, He - denounced, wide-spread, 'general strikes' as madness, which most K- issvitabiy lead to disaster ; for, by increa triag expenditure and curtailing rsvsnus, itdiauwshed, at both ends, the tands which it' Mfput strikes. A child ceuld see tlie ferM of this reasoning, bat it wm lost on K the Australian working classes just then. m£' Heaths after, when strikes were declared IjL ' off,* th* dopes and victims remembered || lh*M words ef warming — uttered ia vain, (f) Th*ai-h .b* still continued hi* press §*\~ -work, Merlon studied for tbe Bar. He KN tad, fortunately, takes a London Univer lY- mvr degree, while preparing for the ! ? pnssthsod ; and, on first reaching Aue S;.' ttalia, bad become a law-student. The % ; Wf-wigs who ruled the profession had f ??-. *1^ a set of regulations calculated to Wl, ' start *ut merit, an allied with wealth and ® Isflueaos, s* as to limit the competition ef : which tbeir own sons and relatives might liave to es counter. But he, fortunately, ' was able to soon surmount all these ditli fA,' cpltiss. Qisi English degree carried Sy. vnght, and though high personages f.: . frswned at the Labor agitator — and, for a ' tiini, refused to sanction a law-student's visit t* Ess-land. be. in. time, overcame

K a31 difficulties. 'Within a few months of Sg?',' Iris rejection at the ballot-box be was ipi. called to tb* Bab H ' . . . . Morton was on* morning in tbe dingy g|: littls office— which was euphemistically p- - termsd his chambers— when a knock came §1 . Jt^thsdosr. The handle was soon tamed, he beheld his eld acquaintance — ' Hartley Grimshaw— the Lancashire nana factarsr. What bad brought him Sonth :? «f the Line? Was it love? Miss Ssmnels and her father were in Sydney. At any rate, he himself bsd Mother explanation to offer. 'Fact is,' be said, 'when tbe House rose, I decided tocome South. Yoa know Australia is becoming more important in Imperial affairs, and it wsuld be doing the ? pity. a service if a man could get up in ik' celsiial debates and speak with the kuew- ledge ef one who had been there.' 'Yes,' said Morton, ' and you'll speak With all the fulness of knowledge after a month's stay. I've known men write a fe' book on Australia after a week.' §. 'Oh,' laughed Grimshaw, * my mind is H sot st receptive as all that I've only ||Y boon 48 hours in Australia, and I know pj^; ' thUyoaarenolongerthe idol of democracy, ij; Yon see, I am making good use of my P time. . Ko doaot you have got to see the «lABg«rs of democracy now.' ^ ? 'Se, I have not,' retorted Morton. 0 ' . * Democracy, like all things human, is f ? It sometime* makes mistakes, | ; bat it quickly sees its errsre,«fcnd, what is K completely rectifies ,,.tm SfSS. anyxate,' eaid 41ie Lancashire — aiifiUnn i, 'you h*?ejgeV.Ti«Lr«£ the p: fiaesl heresy. I hsveswnenew pamphlets - te thy Cobden Clnb that will open your Rj. .?a'*-* ' gj& . * I doa't think **,' answered Morten, fe . ' * Weil,' responded Grimshaw, with seine K -warmth, 'von must acknowledge that tbe W; coagoour must pay for any tax levied at p,'' tbe Custom House.' £' _ * So, I do not. Th* Freetraders assume pr _ ' that the importer and the middlemen who com* between the producer in one country |p and tbe consumer ia the other, are always E| _ -iatisfiMi with a fair profit As a matter BS?*-'. «f fact, they try to gain as much as '-peBttbto** Mf ' '^Now,' 8*id Morton, slowly, 'iftheim were making 100 per cent profit K^-.-'Wdidd b* not prefer to take 80 per eent m - thaa sacrifice all, and this he'd be willing Bt,*-- if a 20 per cent, duty is levied' on bis I ;..g*ds.' ? ' YeF, certainly, ' replied Grimshaw; ' bnt Rfp$4wd try.te pa*8 it on to the consuinsr.' J^4:Certainly ; be'd pass it on, if he coald,' l^^-Zuuiwetad bis companion : * but be often EGptouaaot Another freetrade fallacy is that IjfSff^-a, arotectiv* . tariff restricts comjietitioii. Aa a matter of fact^ it increases c6mpeti mf*. tun, Eora.bomei manufacturer is tempted B te co n pete, and has a cot at the menopoly II ^ B ltT^ifcictioM in trade are*^ be con f||y- demfted,' Mid the Engliahman. j K '.rm Mt so . sure of tbat The §p: - factory Actsin your coon try are a restric W); tien on trade ; yet they have proved a ' bleesiBg. Sanitary and. other law* are HI'V restrictive. Tbo dray horse at one time thought probably the bit and harness Mr'': ' a restriction, yet they do not detract from. W»-r:; liia nsefulness.' K; 'But wby should one man be forced to Wi- deal 'with another? Why shouldn't be be ||- . allowed to buy aad sell as he likes ?' . qaeried Orimiha w. ||- . ' *Ob, there's no compulsion,' said hi* ?wmpaaion. 'Ab ? Hume say* id bis Wg, M Essay on' Taxe^' Juidirect taxatioa is only Talon tary contxibotioa. 'Now, as regards ou« man before anathar, that Y'. is a pMnt yoo Freetradera will never take g§l.v: time to consider. Xet ut* ^explain.' . ; Kc iSe'paQBe^andtbe&reaHmed.;. : / 'lavlden timaf a political coiomasity Hfe '? ' f^jw:»wcHig'l^y^iHvc8, 4i of^oMfrial «aa -we '^wtiaal ioammosity wen awoet Bnt steam andeleotrioiiyiiave «tt . ftat The commwnial and .v:i& fditioal oammnmty are not. la the ||pfcr:;«aiM -ana. Tbore are merchaat prinoes y^nann&totnring emperors, whose K^! ; .. 'd^Biam *xUiid8 avBr many countries. The MEfe' '. i BeO*(Mds fas^e mora p*w*r than the /BarnvBoSi and the Hapsburgs. Tour ;$llg)ish Statist, Oi&en, computes that tbese prlnces and-maBofaetnrers p-'''. ';«wap*miUions of the inoame tax. They pfi't . '- .do ant pay thur jnst share to your Govern l|i-' 4 aiJUtt,is*y evade paying anything to the pBs-'- ^iNraby nrpm which they derive their for Hpf'.- Poople see no hr.rui in taxing the ll^f .: abMBtee iaad-awner. . But I say that the |C* 1 abs*ata* bader who derives a bigger in ? CQipe fihoald also be taxed t* aupport the fe- /43bv«nmeBt. whose law* and protection pfe.3 awon himtlieinoeme. I say that a tariff Ipl is justified, becanse it taxes the foreign p - trader; Yon say that it dMs aottax hm - - fceoadse he psssas it on t* th* heme c*a ifeVry*^ who deals with him. Evan at, it jKTf- wonld be just, all the nam* to fine the fl*aanmar who deals with, the gP (atflimwrto aava S or lOpor cwi^ iWhfl* l|i* .Maii(if Use* tho whnl* lftft frir ftnt lavotved ia tb*' porofaase. For a amaU . bat immediate gain-« thus may aacrifio* \ a |»n« aud ultimate ~ advaatag*. H* MM 6 '&* C**t-4w -daaliag with the | fcSWfrot tmvoiff \*m XOO

! per cent, and ha* that moch Ism to spond with him and bis fellow producers. Let the process be applied to all tbe producers in a nation, and you'll readily see the loss involved in yonr so-called Freetrade. Tbe producer is ajso a consumer. The tuore be produces or th* higher bis reward, the more will be eoasom* or spend.' , 'Very plaaeible,' said Grimshaw. 'bdt I'm still unconvinced.' ' Well,' answered Morton, Met ns have the reductio ad absurdanu If a free port is better than a tariff, a Government would be justified ia giving bounties for ev*iy article imported or providing free car riage for imports. Tbat ahonld benefit the consumer, yet extend tho process, and the consumer must starve,- oalose be gets goods for nattdng, so hew is the Govern ment to live 'i ' ' N« mora of vour flippancy young man,' eaid Grimshaw, 'come aad dine with me this eveaing. I hope wo shall have mere intereating matter for conver sation than this fiscal wrangle.' Wh*n tbey did meet that evening the topic of feoarersation was both exciting and terrible. ' CHAP TEE XXL THE MOKDElt AND THE IKQUE8T. When M*rt«n m*t Grimshaw that evea ing the city was ringing with the dreadful news ef Walter Watson's death. Tbe eveniog papers brought out a. special edition. Th* moraisg papers of the next date devoted a paga report and a leading article te th* tragic event Th* public talked of nothing elae. All Watson's faults and ?ooeatriclties were now forgiven, People remembered his good qualities only. Foul play was sus pected, and a cry of vengence went up. The inquest opened at 10 o'clook in tbe forenoon. The first witness called was Madame Violini, * better known to tbe reader as Mademoiselle Viola. She deposed that Watson had arranged to meet her at her residenoe at 3 p.m. the previous day on business, the nature of whiph she refused to disclose. The latter statement drew from tbe Coroner a very significant look. Sbe was engaged from 2.30 p-m. until that boor in going through some papers which Mr Paul, the. Hon George Marker'^ private secretary, -informed her would be essential to tho business Which they were going to transact; She was upstairs searching for the papers. Mr Paul was in tlie parlor where she received visitors. On-coming dewn pnnctoally at the hour arranged (3 p.m.) sbe saw Mr Watson'* form in an armchair. . Mr Paul had evidently gone. Having been estranged from Mr Watson for ' some time, sbe did not . look in his direction, as she expected the first advance towards the - discussion would come lrom him. At last, .as be did not apeak, she looked toward* tho ' chair, ana, to her berror, found tbat be was dead. She at once informed the police.'. A constable gave evidence as to finding the bedy and the empty pbial close be side it' A medical officer and an analyst next gave testimony, the nature of which has been already explained in our opening chapter. Tb* next witness called' was the Hen. George Marker's private secretary, Francis PauL He 'wore a long beard a&dlong hair ef jet black. This and a pair of spec tacles, while concealing hiB expression of countenance, gave him a peculiar air. He might pass for a musician, or a literary man, and ids appearance was quite in accord with- liis avocation as private secretary to a Cabinet Minister. His evidence .was clear enough. He had re ceived certain instructions from his em ployer, wbo was, be understood, trying to promote a reconciliation between the do* ceased and Madame Violini, ia whose^hpuse the body waefttftfid. In reply to* 7«r--rfi* said%atl(rib* fceet of hia belief the Hon George Market was w*U acquainted with b*th them people. His master bad told him to eenvey to Madam* instructions as to the whereabouts of carta in papers. She had gone upstairs. At about nve minutes to 3 p.m. a messenger from the Clrcumlo* cation Office called at Madame' s hoaae and told htm that he was urgently wanted there. Ho immediately left, and, up to bis departure, Mr Watson had not arrived. He was certain that be left before 3 p.m. John Simpson, maaaanger at the N.S.W. Circumlocution Office, waa tha next wit ness. H* remembered tho afternoon bs fore. The qa**tion made him amxle. The Hon George Marker bad directed , him to call at VielinPa house, and in formed Mr Francis Paul, the private secretary, that his eetvioM warn: urgently and immediately required at the office. H* bad accordingly called at Madame Vielini's bouse a little kef or* 3 p-ul, and bad at once retarnad to th* office, ac companied by Mr Paul, tha secretary. Ho bad not entered tha hoase, : bdt had stood on th* verandah outside. He had not eepn Madame or tbe deceased. Was positive that he and Mr Paul bad left beforo 3 o'clock. The clerk amployed by tbe deceased swore that bis master bad left their office ata quarter to 3. He bad announced bis intention of going to Madamo Vielini's, which wasaboat a couplo of minutes' walk away. His master was. in the best of b*alth aad spirits when- ho left, and had made arrangements for the next day's business. Frank Morton, buristor-at-law, an elderly spinster, and a well-known business 'fn.i. who stated that he still firmly believed in spiritualism, described all that took place at the interrupted seance — how the deceased bad exposed Madame, and bow, at the break-up of the gathering, she had vowed vengeance. That was all th* evidence there was to present An inquisitive juror suggested that th* Han George Marker should be called ; but tbe coroner, tbe lawyers, and- the polio* officials frowned at the idea. Why should a Minister of tbe CauRuiw pnttO.«wh in o*nv*ni*nb*and indignity? 'WBere was tbe nedwuty for such an outrage when the CM# was itwady M.elaar Mnoonday ? ' Tbe oaronar summed up. ile wai a vain man, proud of bis oloqueno*, andoagorto 'maite the inostof such an opportunity for distinction. He laid particular stress on the interrupted seanc* and tb* vindictive nature of foreigners who war* wont to adapt ' on-English ' method* in wreaking their vengeance. Ibe jury retired, and in 20 minutes brought in their verdict, ' Wilful murder against Madame Violini.* ? As two constableadvanoed and Stationed themselves beside her, Viola screamed and swooned. ' What do you think of it? ' said Grirn shaw'to Morten after the inquest was ever. 'It stems to me that the nrl conld never be guilty ' of snob a terrible crime, vet the evidence is very strong against ber.' 'Well,' said Marion, 'tbe strongest chaip is no stronger than its weakaBtlink. The surrounding cirpamstaaoiM are su* gicioas, yet there are points that tell in er favor. ' To -my umd the tnostimpor tant witness o£ all is tho Hoiu -George Marker'a private secretary, Francis Paul, and tike .offipe msssenger in so far as ho oorrob*ratf* him. ;Nbw, I imagine that th* Hon Goorg* knows more of this business than tho corener seams to think, and tbat juror was not so unreasonable in wanting to have him cillod. You r*m*« be that wbea eew £»?

Iwid be travellsd with Marker and this gill, who is now accused, and a desperate -anarchist ef world-wide notoriety, whose arrest in London a few months after created a sensation. Yon remember how ;the charge fell through, aad he was handed over to the French authorities.' 'I remember,' said Grimsbaw, 'a re markable old man who escaped from Siberia t* China, and acroas by Japan to San Francisco.* 'From this yea will see that Marker must knew a good deal about the business. Yet,' added Morton, ' tbe proposal te have bim examined is regarded as an outrage. Kow Pad, his private secretary, and the ?Sice messenger are bis creatures. He has given them tbeir present positions. Tbeir bread and hatter depends on bis nod.' ?Indeed,' said tbe Englishmen — aB if surprised. 'Yes,' said Morton, 'as a Cabinet Minister, bo is new the autocrat of his ?wa department, aad can appoint wbem aeever be please*— create vacancies if none exist for hia friends. You English men, with your open competitive exami nations, bave n* idea of the corruption tbat exists in tbe New South Wales Civil Service. To tind a parallel, you'd have te ge back t* the days of the Georges.' ' Democracy is much the -earns in America with its spsils system,' remarked -Grimshaw. 'It's not half so bad,' answered Morton. In America, tbe party that comes in turn out those appointed by their rivals — or rath sr used to de s*, for reform has crept in ; bat in New South Wales they merely retrench them by casting them as -pensioners oa an iasal v*nt Superann uation Futti. Tbsre is thaa no check, and billets are created to snit the billet-buncers. by whose aid oar politicians are made to a freat extent' ' lTeu astonish me!' exclaimed Grim abaw. ' Worse still,' resumed Morton,' America — like England — has a good sys tem of Local Government to per- j form duties tbat are left in Kew South Wales to the Central Government Here is another chance for nepotism and corruption. But te ' return te what I was eaying. Marker, a mere stranger in this colony, by a political accident has become I a Cabinet Minister, and has been no worse than 'the average Minister in' appointing a number ot strangers, presumably bis own friends, to *' number of posts about bis own department The private secretary, Francis Paul, aad the oftice messenger are among the creations. Now, 1 think that Marker knows something about the case. . If tbe girl iB innocent, and I am not so .ears of her guilt, then Mr. Paul has not i told all be knows. ' 'How will the girl fare?' inquired Grimshaw. '0b,' said Morton, 'for the present I don't suppose she'll be allowed bail, nor weald she be able to get it. When ber trial comes on able connBel will prosecute ber, sided by all the resources of tbe law, wbile the Crown will assign a junior barrister f*r the defence, who'll bave to get along as best be can.' 'Bather an unequal contest,' remarked Grimshaw. ' Is there n* chivalry in your profession ?' 'Well,' sighed Morton, 'I'm only a fledgling briefless barrister. 'Twould be Quixotic forme to interfere, besides risky to tbe accused.. If £ thought I'd make a good fight I'd gladly undertake the job.' He thought over the matter as he went home, and next day throw himself, . heart and soul, into the defence of the accused girl, with tbe result described in a previous chapter. (to be continued.)