Chapter 169755584

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Chapter NumberII
Chapter TitleGENERAL AGIATORS.
Chapter Urlhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article169755584
Full Date1896-12-06
Page Number8
Corrections0
Word Count3654
IllustratedN
Last Corrected0000-00-00
Newspaper TitleTruth (Sydney)
Trove TitleAn Australian Anarchist
article text

f AUSTBALllN AHARCf[IST

y '' ? ? ' \ ? . [AU Bight* Reserved.] j

(Br V. h. THOMAS.)

|s Chaptbe IL j ?£ GENTEEL AGITATOBS. I

:/? ' Oh the following morning Frank Morton - repaired to the den, which be had euphe mistically termed hit chambers, in litiza , beth-street, Sydney. Well aw&re of the law's delays ana pre H carioueness, Morton had not allowed bis caff | ± to tbe bar to interfere with bis old profes- 1 sion of journalism. lie went on reading t'r . authors, and writing leading articles and I'. smart oaraerapbs, and jingling rhymes, :

undisturbed, save by an occasional office boy emissary from tlie local editors. A j thorough Bohemian, he never strove to acquire that influence bo necessaiy to the young lawyer wanting briefs. He had entered the Watson cate more through a sense of chivalry than anything else. He was acquainted with the accnsed, and thev sensational reports of tbe papers, and the clamtr of the populaoe bad no influence over biu). He knew how little was generally behind newspaper sensationalism, j and no one'wag better afeare of the fickle- 1 nes* of tbe mob. Unlike Horace, he was not hern with an inherent contempt of the j vulgar crowd. But, having been behind the scenes, having been the men. who j pulled the strings that made the puppets j daoe, he had acquired a distrust of eudden outbreaks en the part df democracy. For defending the yenng and friendless girL charged with a terrible crime, be was at first regarded as a crank. Bat nothing succeed* like success. On looking over '''''Tiis Utters that morning, he found that his feet had at last reached the rung* of the ladder which leads to legal prefer ment. An eminent firm of solicitors, doing, perhapB, the largest business in Australia had requested bim to appoint an hour when he could be seen at bis chambers. He had scarcely finished read ing his letters and glanced through the newspapers when a small yeuth, with a bundle of papers bound' with red tape, interrupted him. The long wiBhed for briefs were beginning to come. At about noon a loud knock disturbed the rioketty door. Scarcely had he ahouted ' Gome in,' when a bluff, cheery voice cried : ' Well, young man, now that you have made a beginning you must move to chambers a little more accessible. Sir William here is somewhat beyond the age . when climbing divers flights of stairs is an exhilarating amusement Even his daughter does not relish the work, and her ' friend, Mrs Purcell, says that, when wompn enter Parliament and prooeed to legislate for the bene tit of humanity, there will soon be an act making it illegal to use stairs instead of the more modern lift.' ?Had you given me timely notice,* nnlinri Morton. - f would have moved this

morning into more convenient premises, but let me do the -best I can now to meet your surprise visit.' From a little inner store-room he pro-, cured a rickety chair, and, by mounting * himself on an office steol, was able to provide seating accommodation for his visitors. He said apologetically, ' I never expected to have my humble den so fipnomd.' - said the first speaker, ' in *Lan £ - csjhire, I have seen many stately for iH^iEKi ariss out of smaller dens, and 1 don't eels why yen, too, should, not mount higher. |v:,Vin,it»e' nbar future, ^espeolall^'lC(er,^tor- ' day's proceedings.' « . ;, v {Wnat So yoTi think of the trial, Mr ife affile eHusioii^' fl^V *Wbatdo I -think ? Well, lad, I think many things. 1 have come on a visit from' effete ol^ England to study your young; Democraby, but that trial shews that |p England has little to learn from you, even §|P^4f#B» of year great state-manners cries Si-.; . that yon haye nothing te learn. fcomEng-. ^.? 'Jan^ ^ In old England, even In itiB most A;cv 'Tory days, a prisoner's case was net pre judicedby a sensational press clutching at v ? a Jejr, extra pence at the expense ef bath ; ? fair play and justice. In England,, -the v;-: judicial funotion has always bsen jealously. supervised. An umpire1 at a football or a f .... cricket match, or a. wrestling, bsutj if he attempted to take a hand in the game, ijp wonld be lynched.' In the meat black- ; pTj guard days of the Prize ttlng, the umpire » impartial. An English judge attempted the part of advocate would , K^«i-en .- be sent to the right-about As ^Jjftt«i|4s your client, I have always rs earded her aa an adventuress, since' th» %' _'3ay I first saw her that eviction Ireland. I saw the who!* party, gp^iffcrwarta in the North ef England, Sg;B'*$d 'my impression of them did not ,S improve. 1 do npt say that she is above .- somuiittigg tbe crime she is charged with. =, : lot one thing is certain ; she did not re i % .? «ive a fair British trial,- and as a Britisher *»V sympathies are ctnsequeatly with her. You nave saved her deck fer the present to;:. : 6he, however, has no money, and you, a k, young advocate, cannot afford to act the I?;;' ? part of Don Qaixote by working for vi: ;?/ ; nothing. This snatching her from the 'k-:- negte of the hangman will cost money.' He paused. 'V-.'.. 4 Yes,'*. replied Morton. 'If the case is .'-i' 'to Ago -.to the Privy Council, of coarse ' money iwill be neoessary.' %; ; 'Then here's pty cheque . as a pralimi ' nary,' answered Orimshaw, 'Sir William 5 and myself this meniing. ? were talking. % over the, matter, and we agreed that to de : initti'Oe immediate assistance is nsces

!§ie -older man slowly 'Spoke. ? ?? - *,W»li, Mr. Morton, I must aay that l j '*as «#tfn-m t&e 4»ctwi^4iipwed to i fav^lrtWy iopk wsn Jthe (-W» rf yonr '''.?been «onducted[ia -what -may be CMled a very peculiar -fashion. 1 A reactian in her favorv«eems to have aet in sinoe the ver i ; Hint and sentence. There is to be a meet. '? viM jhis«veninjgfor the purpose of f orm- r |ng a Citizens' Defence Committee. . But,' \ meanwhile, meney will be required. I, ' teo, am willing' to give a small cheque to ' .ewnre that the interests of the girl are kBiuparly looked after.' «f an- ' willing te sacrifice every penny , xhave git rather than have one- of my aex strangled by brutal man-made laws,' excitedly cried Mru Puroell, the handsome ? ''tm; At tl»e same time, eur Eijrpasou to like the- adventuress, tuted the saored cause [?£ , i ie make money by, trading west and tenderest feelings of e arits ^ ohainpion of the move ^ emancipation of tier sex, and tjiu-breught discredit on that ». But I ahall not allow a victimof a man-made that the same law A^inat men. Yon surely j »ven women oomnnt; ^ impaai^V? inquiwa^nM-;

woman, even the worst woman, by a law in the making of which her sex has net had a voice. And when woman gets her rights, such lawe shall bs erased frein the Statute Boek. 'What de you say, Vera?' The yeung girl whom she addressed gently replied — 1 ton knew, toy dear, that the sex problem has always been beyond my poor comprehension. But, Mr Morten, though I am at pivsent unable, like papa and Mr Grimshaw, and Mrs Purcell. to subscribe to tbede£»itoe £nnds, I do not agree with them as to the poor girl's character. I know about as muoh of her as they de, neither mere or less,l-ut I am certain that, so far frem buing a wicked adventure a, she was a real Jciarf, good-hearted creature, unfortunate in her surroondfcigs. 'Want, privation, early education, may. have warped her ideas, and, anyway, she can never be guilty of the horrible crime laid at lier door. I anTsure she would never have poisoned peer Walter Watson.'

\As her eyes began to fill with tears, Moxton, wishing to-relieva her embarrass ment. exclaimed, ' Y-vur sympathy atone, Miss Samuels, is a suflk\ient incentive to make me leave no stone untamed t* sava her, not only frem the gallons, bnt the feJen's taint. These cheques I will hand evvr te the selicitor fer the defence, a young Aiend of mine, who, like myself took up the case without expectation' -*f reward, la fact, these are his f ootBtepB I heter oomiaf np the stairs. He made an..ra-p*lntment ter 1 o'clock.' ' Then,' saiof Sir William, ' we had better not interrupt :reu ; I presume that yon will be at the meeting this evening ?' ' Ob. ves/ replied Morton ; * I promised

to speak* ? 'Tlien,'exolainjed Grimshaw, 'dine with me at the club, and we shall go together. I want to resume that discussion. I think your ideas are altogether erroneous. What is more, I have a few new pamphlets frem the CobdeO Club that mast convince you.' After tbey had taken leave a smooth faced, rosy-cheeked youth-entered. Merten greeted him thus : 1 Giles, this case we toek up in the cause of huig^nily is going .to pan out welL Vtrity,~a good- action brings its -own re ward. , Meanwhile, you had better take charge ef these cheques.' ' The solicitor remarked : 1 Well, I never .saw euch a remarkable reaction in public feeling. The public, wtKa'/I he«A trtrn liar o fattr non

are now veering round in. her favor. Why, even some members of Parliament are this morning writing in tbe papers that a Royal Commission of Inquiry should be appointed.' 'What a convenient refuge 1 for incapa city in New South WaleB public life ! A Commission relieves the pablic conscience with tbe idea that something is being done. It also provides political hangers on with nice fees. No, I don't care for a Commission ef Inquiry. Lot us fight the matter through the Courts ; if necessary, go to the Privy CeunciL At any rate, we have secured time, and that iB every thing.' The solicitor left, and Morton began to write an article for a well-known Sydney weekly. Before beginning he muttered : ' Curious coincidence that Grimshaw, Sir William Samuels, and his daughter sbould now be interesting themselves in her release. We all met together under strange circumstances at that eviction scene in Old Ireland.' . Byron recommends the-teller of a story to plunge in medias res. The writer has dene so. For that reason an introduction to the events and. characters is necessary. This, the next few chapters will give. Chapteb IIL

, ' THE FISCAL WBAHGLE. On that tftoe morning in the later eighties, not, a spot?«i.,&igl^pd looked lovelier than that iii fyqhtkti Bannerdewn Hall,' in the county ojE Wilts. .'The noble owner .was new abroad pursuing a policy of retrenchment He : had inherited the paternal d'ebts incurred by his fast living ancestors in the days when George III. was King. - The .old; Marquis . of Banner down, like his father before- him, had gene the paoe JWitU. , .Burke' afid Sheridan and the Regent. Though -they drained his purse, he lived , longer te'die a miser able man. For,, in addition to the exira vagance e£~ his yisuth, came., a losa of inSime in' the abolition of his rotten boroughs) and 'the fall : in. ^ agricultural prices and rents'tbat followed Freetrader People will tell yb.u that -when he passed: away the Jews seized the body on its way frem Paris «t tbe adjoining railway statien, and had to be paid ? before the funeral: took place. Any w ay, the present Marquis is now abroad, serving' his Queen as Governor of Barataria, a depandency in the Sonthern seae. While living M - his: official, salary ;fer a few years, he is cer tain to incur ' the - hatred ?£ the loyal lieges ef Barataria ; but 'what matters that, if, in the meantime, the estate Tar covers itself ? , ' Bannerdewn Hall is at present tenanted by tbe Australian millionaire, &ir William Samuels, who, after .spending half : a century as sheep farmer, or squatter, be- ; neaththe Soutnern Cress, had returned! heme to take that place among tbe aris-.. tocraoy. which hk wealth, and the Herald's College had awarded him. His town house ia London, was magnificent, his dinners eo gorgeous that a wag had remarked that. Sir William was determined en ' eating his way into the peerage.' Lastseason one of his daughters had married an earl, a poor one,. but. 'a lord's a lord for ; a' that,' and bears the guinea . stamp, far from duly appreciated by that noblest Badioal ef'tbem all, Bob 'o Mossgiel. ' It was with' a view of contracting another aristocratic

nuance, ne .aeuoi, (nan iuo out tquaner ltd leased Bannerdewn - Hall. In iact, ibciety gessip had .irgflgtedi .his *nly W-' naining daughter to another scion of the (ability, «pd map ihan one of those silly joant^te wbich Me -iut ta wditeiiQaby Bhrpalctiag ^ the^vaf is,o{ ^tha Upper Tan tnd th«ir tower lmitatore, bad amncmced bar engagement .to a dnke; -But .the ser vants at Bannerdewn Hall, who knew better, laughed ; at tbe blundering «f Brother . Jeamei of tbe press, for ttay averred that bs who iiad the best 'shew* was only a cemmonar, bnt what a com moner! Eventbe gentle man4fgentleman, the flunkey . -who worships the guinea stamp, believes, with Burns, in 'the gond for a'that'' 'The said oommener was en the terrace in frent of the house, overieek-. ing ; th'e gardens and the works :?£ art imported &om the Continent by the eld Lords of Bann««dowu, and the beautiful artificial lakes, Whioh did eo muoh' to o«a-* atitute the ' finest view in tha urmj^^8 visiters to tho ialloidled it ^ % « il.- Hartley Gamsha w was a Lanowwre manufacturer, .welt over forty, ? and tiuef the wealthiest mea in the North-of Bjig land. Ho held oellierios de%n fWigwi way, was largely interested * in epin ning in Oldham, had a cetton shed in North' East Lancashire, and a woollen one in Western Yorkshire. For twenty ?eu^ be had toilod hard, devoting ee muoh 'et tentien te his cellieries a^l spill* as to I astoukh lus* wn ompbyMs. But reoently he had rasolvtd to^ake the. werld easy, as he could w»l! sfford 'to do. ' Beth he and | his. father h»d treated their employee*

and faithful coadjutors. So when Hartley Grimshaw left Lancashire to become a member of tbe House of Commons, and a country gentleman in Wilts, his income in no way diminished. Thackeray tells ns somewhere that men's abilities do not run in the same groove as their ambitions. So it is with Grimshaw. Beckoned the keenest intellect in the markets and 'Changes of Manchester and Liverpool, Bradford and Leeds, he quitted tbe pur suits in which he Was pre-eminent, and toek a hand in tfee game of politics. He, who commanded thousands of workers, now daaued attendance en UnderSecre taries, aad wasted on Cobden Club pamph lets and Poor Law reports more time sad study than he had ever done on patents and labor-saving machines, and the foreign' and colonial market negotiations, whioh had helped te build up his celoBsal fortune. Mr Grimshaw was above tbe medium height, and strongly built His keen grey eyes, strongly marked features, and florid complexion did net belie his

cnaracier — a jusi ana generous man, whose word was bis bond. It had been a ! mystery in the North hew such a one had never married. But the truth was Hartley Grimshaw had devoted so much time to business, as he now lievoted te politics^ that thaoght* of love found no item in hie head. The faet that they were neighbors, and regarded as parvenu* by the county Samilios around, had thrown himself and ir William Samuels much together. Though the squires, |ierhaps, affected to te despise them, both these strong, self made men could in turn sneer back. As they steed on the terrace, the old squatter, whose tough, wiry frame had been inured rather than weakened by a youth spent on the diggings, followed by half an life-time on the plains of Riverina, said : ?Yes, Grimshaw; you've proved the thing right enough, but circumstances alter cases. -I wish you met Graham Berry . in Victoria, or read the leading articles in the Melbourne 'Age,' you'd then see. that Freetrade, whatever may be tbe case inL England, would not auit a new country like Australia.' . 'There ban be no doubt about it, my dear Samuels,' replied Grimshaw, 'you've only to Tead Mulhall and ? iru. ? ? ? ] rj ? D: ? j-

vsu jf CB) »uu Auftui Miuuu, iuu uiuaidui and all that kind ef thing,' laughed Samuels. 'Well, political economy is too dismal a science for me ; mine has net been a bookish life, and I go more by personal experience and observation ; and, certainly, theugh all tbe authorities 8re on yonr side, my observation some-, hew tells me that Freetrade is not the wonderful thing you make out' 'Sir 'William, I am surprised at a man of your cemmen sense. Why, the thing is as plain as a pike stafi— ' ' So it may be to you, Grimshaw ; but I do not claim to bave the most acute of intellects ; and, certainly, facts are stub born things. Now, what are tbe facte ? No ; yon need net cram me up with statistics and Bluebooks, and all that kind of thing. But here's what I see : After enan/liniy « lif Afimo in A not rait a mroalf nnrl

mv family came home and resolved to travel through the Continent: What did we find ? That if Freetrade is such a fine thing, as you and tbe authorities make out, the' Russians and the French, and the Germans and the Italians are fools. Why can't your Cobden Club convinoe Bismarck that Freetrade is such a grand thing ?' 'Superstition and errer, especially of long growth, die hard,' testily replied Grimshaw. 'Do they?', retorted Samuels. 'Your high priest, Richard Cobden, didn't think so. He predicted that all the world. Boen follow England's example, and* Cobden has been dead e ver so many yearn, and the resfr-ef-the. world , still scornfully rejects 'Fjeetrafffe.' Grimshaw wes'silent ' Do you know,' continued Sir William, ' Cobden must have unconsciously seen the weak side ef Freetrade when he hoped to 'see it adopted by all the world : and his

ettorts towaras suoantuung ar Duration - for .war were the logical outcome of his Freetrade belief.' , ? ? ' How- de'yeu make that out inquired Grimshaw.'. - ? In thie way. Te my humble rnind, Freetrade would be right enough if there'' Was a kind'ef universal brotherhood ; 'but 'I don't see hew it oan work when the Nations ef ChriBtendem are preparing to fly at one another's throata I dent see, how England gains by admitting Conti nental goods 'while she is spending v#Bt sums to keep Continental Nations from invading her, The consumer, as tbe political economists says, gets things cheaper, bnt yon -mart remember that tha consumer is uso a tax-payer.' . 'And pays heavier taxes in a Pre* tectieaist country,' laughed Grimshaw.

'You must acknowledge that I have got you there.' 'No, I cant see that,' said the squatter. ' In every country, no matter what its fiscal policy, tne Government must be carried on whether there is Freetrade or Protection. Magistrates, and judges, and policemen, and Government officials have to be em ployed. Tbe Cobden Club, with all its pamphlets, has not taught us how to get rid of the coBt of Government,' 'Yes,' warmly replied Grimsbaw, 'but it shows how, under Freetrade, taxes fall more justly.' 'Indeed! I don't see that,' rejtined Samuels. ' Where is the justice in allow ing German manufacturers to derive a big income out of England, when they do not contribute a penny towards the State from whose protection they derive -an income. That is net quite ia accordance with one of Adam Smith's maxims. He limiti his maxim to the subjects of a nation, but I say that all (subjects and foreigners) who derive an income from the Protection «f the Sate should pay towards it, and Pro tection is ths only way of getting at the foreign-trader's income.' 'Ah,' laughed GrimBhaw,' 'you are again falling into the old Protectionist fallacy. It's the heme consumer, net the foreign-trader whe pays the tax.' ' So the theorists say, but if I had you in Tictoria or New South Wales I might show practical examples to the contrary. Then the consumers of the Continent of Europe and America must be awful fsola, but on my trip home from 'Frisco to New York, I did not find tbe Yankees a lot ef feolt. On the contrary, I found them a remarkably keen people, who somehow did net object to Protection. Sir Charles Dilke in his ' Greater Britain,' was puzzled to find that tbe Western farmers of America, and the miners ef' Victoria, the poor consumers, whom, your Cobden Club describe* as victims bled te support others, were the stoutest advocates of the system nnder whioh you say they are robbed. In fact the American farmer with Protection is mere contented than your English one With all the blessings of Freetrade.' j ' Well, a truce te our 'battle,' said Grim shaV, 'for here come Sir Groevenor Hawley and your daughter, and neither of them relish economics.' - (TO be continued.')