|Chapter Title||THE LECTURESS.|
|Newspaper Title||Truth (Sydney)|
|Trove Title||An Australian Anarchist|
r-.r — z^ — — \ IHSTBiLIAH AHARCPT
'. (All Bighti Beferred.] (Bi V. L. THOMAS.)
;'- CHAriEE XIV. THK LECTDBB6S.
??e' fc/flfBK Sir William. bU daughter, and Mrs is,', jw ^U retched the Cosmopolitan Hall, f-,.' Otaf* 10*-8tr8*t- th* building was crowded ¥ by on* of tha ''Be*1. aD-1 most fashionable ^' MtdieBO* ?* *rer Men in Kyd-iey. Theques I ' lion of w«. ialt1118 'S1'1* ''«? reaobed their fc ? wbst mar .ll9 ternied boom stage. Th« £?? afarBraUam -. *' propounded ill poor plays
';*. and still werM novel8t had reached Aas :- tnJfe jnat aft« '' hBd ceaaed to be fashionable elsewl cr«- Moreover, certain religious and pulid*'1 8«ct« saw salvatinn jD 4 ballot-box minW^ded by petticoat*. The ssries of dieco,'d«Bt cefitf rogations,. fcnov* *» tin ' ehnrchi*, ' hoped by giving i woman » Tote to impose the yoke of :?- puritan toginlstion on .« free-iind-eaRy fe popaUttM, who wasted o« Sundiiy con | cerfcMd Sunday sUsmertV »nd 8'inday
K- railways, the silw ooms ivmcn suoma f tvl their ssbbsfh collection jplate. £.; VofUy, two of one trade can neT«r agree. If Abw all, the so-called Temperance Wr advocates aaw that women, more bub p ceptible to the emotional npell of platform P' tirtjdes, w»nld preve a valuable ally at the fe potting booth in squelching the publican §ff ana tb* brewer. They never roflectad, of W* .'- -com**, whether this would be the be:it |: mMM of promoting true temperance. ''' TIm brewer, the publican, and the dis i' tillw contribute to the revenue, and giro fe- hostages for the proper cenduct «f their ' t**di». The private still, tbe sly grog shop, ' the low class club that wonld spring up as eora m they were abolished, would do no such thing. Edmund BarkChas truly said! - that lawful indulgence is the only means ..;.?' of checking illicit gratificationJ ?. Were i- there no matrimony wonld unchaitty be -\ unknown ? It is about as reasonable to
V aeaume that with no licensed houses m,«n h: weald cease to indulge in a pleasure which '&?? they- bare enjeyed, rightly or wrojigly, W since the dawn of history. / ? - Nor did those who wanted to pm tbe - 1] female franchise at a caUpaw ,for tbe ; passing of »»ti liquer laws, recognise, the - illecieal absurdity of such a cause. What ? It uon as Local Option.' er Prohibi tion Ja supposed to be'' founded on' detnoorttic principles. Bike the Liberty ' ? «f the) -French Revolution, modern de mocracy is held responsible for msuay ' absurdities. The power «f tbe people is set bett exercised ,t-y a thoughtless rabble. ? The precess ?£ law-making requires tha- exercise ef thought and compromise. How is this possible in a simple answer at the ballet box? De Lolme tells us htv in ancient republics, the direct vote ef the : people was employed by the few to jprU % .. the many. Perhaps that is why it iff &_?? faTorod ia our own day by agitators, \ cranks, a jd pulpit gymnasts, who dread ft the sm' cbJng criticisms and the safe l\ . gnardr ef representative government. 8v Thrk tbe votes of women are wanted Lml principally to bring about a measure that IhV «njy afEeott the ether tex. The female M\V tm go to the ballot box, not te v«te on R\\\ ¥' 9Wn 'S^1' 'n(^ wrongs, bnt te deter W-uQium whether man shall have a glass or HP not Sorely this is not government of the W ' ?'?. peeple by the people. It is not demo f -oratie when the Female Franchise -is '..;: 4xerci»ed, not to free Wfmen, bat t» :''? coereamen. ;': ? A w»rtby judge presided at the Jectare., ? ? ' The learned genttoman beld very strong ... - - ?»»!»? *oti»efttVjedjl irow aVoiot -to be ' di»-; idBsed. ' ' ; ;J_ Woe betide the wife beater, tbe de ' itnyer ef femafe innecenoe, or the ?? victim ef female wiles, when they came ,; before him. In tbe Uivoroe Court, too, *Xbongh dealing impartially and draconic ally with the faulty side, ha was especially .severe «n the man. In introducing the leotareea, or rather the entertainment, for such it preved to be, he madi tome well t chosen remarka, ' ..---??
? v. The star ef the evening did net appear ]jf~ inunediatei^r,, Thewwas, a pjane golo, F also s few twngg, eae , especially miioh admired being, rendered by a yoa'ng lady, then About te take a trip to Europe at the instigation of her friends, who imagined that Aewaa .going to. eclipse Melbavaad f ' take Lenden aad Parit by tterm;1- - Every poor Aastralian girl who- Could warbleat ,;- m$a«dayaoheoloenc«rterabnsh 'aooial,' s was, aboot this tine,' apt tepibtore hertelf - ma an Incipient Patti, anditopertoned her. friends for tbe means te penoe aceurse'ef
llnropeaa study. - ' ' ? [ i After these oame what ? was termed- 'a pauoraanin iliuetratio*' ef the lecture of, the evening. This was nothing more er lest than a clever manipulation -of the erdieary soiwea and megic laatenk ' The wifelMater was shewn in the aot ef felliaf his partner «r rather his victim, the mother, as giving up. custody ef the ohiidren tern from her by a ornel onesided law, the erring maiden-victim of man's ? last ea oommitttng suioide by throwing beraelf from a high bridge. It was per . feotly harrewing, and moved even the itreng minded members of the women's Christian Temperance TJnioa te tears. Then there oame a lull. The learned Aairnian announced that mademoiselle Blank (the audience did sot clearly catch ibe name), wonld address them on the wubjeot anneanoed. A pin could have been heard fall; all leant forward in ex pentanoy. In a few MOendt, a ehert dark and ?aQow young man in evening dress ?pnewel at the wing leading a very tall eM-jaaipfflfa ^ommv M p&: mo. v *M»/T— ?/ exdaimed Sir HVilllam Samuels, Dm kdy wherashed en the baOifis and ? '; yoUbe «t that terrible evioden in Ireland.' Though if« afar ory frem BaHrmacatt ' to Port Jaekaoo, the leotureit was no other than 9u4etnoifeU* VieU. Heroempanion wes O«erge Marker. Where was Vallam breea? ...,-..: . ? .
: Chaptke IV. FKKLS DMOOBAOT. Deaaoetaoy has ever been ,* fickle Btia toeM and a bard master. She das easily eoocambed t« the iilandiahmenta of aQ, ainoere and insinoere, wlio have woed her insidnoafly. Instead '. ef . showing her gratitude, she. has ever been ready 'te rend her bravest champions. Aristides wan bundled from Athene,' the -Jraeobi voft'ered at the hands ef the people 'for whem ther etrore ,? John.De '' Witt vaa alternately demieotl and victim . of ?epolarity ; the Preach Kevoltttion saw «ie uvieor *f the e ventak lea te the guil letiM at eonrite; Gladstone has been; llniatfed with violence by a London, meb,. which respected neither virtue ner grey heir; the bkmeJese Grattaa, *fter fimlAimw Ug -cenatry't cause fn the %M|%aVeaw«ilaaifaii Iriah Parliament, bad hit hee4*MkM Jiy a DneBn nek .On Us reton te Sydney, Frank Morton wes ieetuaed :pt. meet with tbe bitter dis *pjm*tmuiflisho~ wha henesdy utreve
current, instead of Seating with it in a wrong direction. His official reception by the Trades aad X*bor Council vu en tbusiMtio. Dem'craoy is certainly de- 1 moDBtratrve enoagb in matters of display — tbe reason being, perhaps, that there are so many in its ranks eager to grasp any chance of advertising themselves. However, Heprton found before long that some of those eens of labor who were tbe meet vociferous in recounting bis services, were eoon the readiest in condemning him. A procesoion was formed to- meet kirn as soon as the Orient boat landed. Of. course, one employed in
such a noiwinn oould not conscientiously travel by the P. and O. boat, manned with alien labor. He was driven round the the town ioi an open carriage, accompanied by a brass band, there was much speech making and'mome drinking of champagne, and then bis- triumph epettdily vanished. A few dteys afterwmrtl the Peninsular and Oriental boat, by * qniok passage, reached Sydn ey bearing Waleett Watson.
H.L.A., back te the laml ef his nativity and his triumphs. He cartainly had done nothing wonderful. His mission, arising out of his ow n disorderly conduct in the legislative Chamber, had cost tbe country thousands. But- lie had won his case ; bad badgered the big wigs of the Privy Council ; bad shown a felicity for harr-spiitting argument% which would have .excited tbe admiration of the ?Sohooiaen' tbenraelvee, *nd 'was not this a wonderful thing fur a ' native ?' Aus tralia was just then inclined te regard her
native geeae as very hne swans indeed. But Walgett Watson's trSumpb, too, was destined to be abort ihwd. The next Orient boat made what 'was up to then a record paeta^e. Atnoag these on board wa¥ Bill Peny, tbe chamfiion sculler. He was not a native, but sb qydney remarked, apoloKetic»llyr he 'came out very young, and was ail the same bb a native.' Any way, his, deeds of derringde, in palling a pair at sticks through tbe water, com ! plet«lr eotipsed the Privy- Council appeal of the native, Watson, and the labor advocacy of the ' imjperted' man, .Mor ton. The latter just then labored under the* disadvantage of being1 imported in a land. ?where nine-tenths of tlie people had either come as immigrants, «r were the children, of immigrant!. A fewr months later, the tide changed, and mod- ef the champions of Australian -democracy were mere ' new' chums.'
Morton's decline in popularity was, to a great extent, due to a change of views, and bis. own honesty: in acknowledging the errors ef the movement which em ployed him as ehampioa. He assured the Trades and Labor Council that restricting ? immigration, instead of advancing, must have a detrimental effect on Australian labor. There could not be too many immigrants of the right class. A constant supply of agriculturalists and producers of all kinds was required to counter balance the number of non-producers — people merely engaged in distribution — who were pouring into Australia every week by the cheap steamship lines. Every man engaged in agriculture was certain to give employment te those in other pursuits. 'Agricultural laborers, however, would not leave Europe for Australia, wV'ile America was so much more acces sible. Te tempt tbst population, which she fc? much wanted, which was nsceesary to dsvWop her inherent -wealth, Australia mast hold out some special inducement This mctnt sacrifice in tbe present, for gain in the near futuie. (rf-.Thsse views preved very distasteful to '
trades|unione, who imagined that short hours and high wageB could be maintained only (by shutting oat competition. They even, hinted that 'their champion had been perverted during his sojourn abroad. One or two muttered Jn prjyate^that he had probably been 'btifceirby the capitaliute ef Europe to degrsae the noble -workug-flu& of Australia. That mighty individual never thought then that degradation oould only come from his ewn folly, his overweening eon fidence, his arrogance, and his lust ef power. Before many stenthi that power was to be broken. But even the lessons of adversity are lost on '. democracy. The very individuals wbe had led him t»;ruiu, the Australian working man sent inte Parliament as ' chaps te save the , ceontry.' Perhaps he was actuated by some ; other metive. The 'lawless 'County of Tipperary, as - Jndge. Keegh called it, returned O'Donevu Boata to the Hense ef Oamsaens, not be cause they believed in his ability na a legislator, bnt aB a pretest against Parlia meat itself. On the same principal, -bnt on ne etber, can we account for the elva ti«n of strike ' lsaders, whe fomented quarrels between Capital and Labor, who fired in loxory while their dopes starved, ' who .declared * strike off ' when the funds oi- -which they battened were exhausted, andthen Phoenix-like reee frem the ashes ef Australian trades-nnienUm to - beoeme - members of Parliament and popular idols. If Australian Labor feuna Morton had changed 'since he departed for Europe, he too feund that the people whom ho once truly represented had changed in the interval Only a few months away, ha felt like a Rip Van Winkle from the moment ef his return. New ideas and new movements had sprang up. Macaulay tells us that the French just before the Revolution, having nothing in their ewn histerj to which they could look baok with pleasure, had recourse te
the history ef the great ancient common wealths, but drew their notions of' those commonwealths, ner from contemporary writers, bnt from romances written by podantio moralist* long after the extinc tion of public liberty. The Australians, too, bad nothing in their own history to whioh they oeold look back with pleasure, ?and when they tookthe .trouble te think on anything outside horseraoing, beat pulling, ana boxing, with the Meochia yelUav.tMtdngtaetioi wjth sarnrand those powuiti, w^etetienUW, re-aweptepiniMu second-hand from cheap took* and* newly arrived strangers, who, preaching about Labor with a big 'L,' and shirking work — wttti a small ' w'^-expeonded brand now plans for the 'reconstruction of seolety ' — cribbed probably frem Plata During the alert time, the Labor Delegate had been -away certain ideas were in the air, to borrow the phrase used by an eminent person when the Federation movement cropped up. People spoke of : * Unimproved Land . Values '. aaey . ' New Unionism.' Debating societies discussed them, certain associations were formed- to promulgate them, yet Morton -never beard an .intelligent definition of either of these phrases. Immediately on his . return he was, however, virulently opposed by both faotiout. This was natural enough. Born in Ireland, eduoatod in France, Morton was a Protectionist by conviction. His reading (of ooonenuos was wider~thab the pamphlets of tbe Cobden Olub, and, both in the press and on the »latf orin, be 'was exercising an influence on ibe indus trial datees, which was beginning 'to alarm the impertiag, intereete dependent on IVeetraoV , .There it little doubt that the coming of PsMeetieain NewNSeuth Wales, the last eutpest ef CebdenUm, was delayei by tevar»i.side israec roised. One of taose woeiandtaiatisft, \
pretested that direct taxation was the corrollary of Prptectien since tbe more a tariff fulfilled iU mission of foBtering i native industries, the Ibbs mu6t be tbe revenue accruing to the Treasury. But public opinion in one of its unreasoning moods deoided that direct taxation wa incompatible with any fiscal policy other than Freetrade. Yet, ae tbe case of Ire land shows, Freetrade, through driving people oat of ether occupations, intensi ties land monopoly. Another of the side issues which ob structed the progress of Protection was the political lubcr movement. Some re garded this sb tbe outcome of payment oi
members, it resulted ostensibly frem the failure of strikes as a means of ameliorat ing tbe condition of tbe working classes, When the strike funds were exhausted, strike leaden discovered that they could only attain their ebjecta ' by capturing the Legislature.' Certainly law and order, by protecting free laborers who stepped into the shoes of the men who had left work to go en strike, had become thoroughly hateful to those whose power was broken by the reading of the Riot Act. &o far from denouncing law and order any fur ther, they consistently resolved te have a hand in tbe game by becoming members of Parliament Thus the labor party was seemingly the outcome of strikes, but certain cynics taid tbe strikes were tbe outcome ef payment of members. Anyway, from the moment that the members of the Legislative Assembly passed the Bill for paying themselves, preparations fora big strike was made by tbe men who always talked of labor wit a big ' L\ and shirked work with a
small 'w.' When they got into Parlia ment, however, the police were employed as before in protecting non-union labor, ner did the railway servants refuse to handle wool shorn by non-union shearers, as labor at the ballot-box had fondly hoped. These champions of the strikers were anxious enough to take office in a Ministry which went en putting down disorderly strikes as hef-ere ; and, in fact preached moderation and abandoned strike methods when a Premier who con descended to notice them attained power. Anyway, tbe political labor movement was fatal to Protection. Tbe representa tives whom it returned to Parliament re solved to form themselves into a third party. The tucoess of the Irish in the Hcuse cf Commons was their justification for this step. They ignored the different circumstances of the two cases. The object of the Irish party was to
degrade and show tbe impotency of the babble-shop at Westminister; on their doing so rested the case for Home Rule. On the other band, the New South Wales Labor party could net gain by degrading or rendering impotent the Assembly from which they hoped for reform. Thus there was an essential dif ference betweon the two cases. Not only their ends but their methods differed.'. The Irish members played off one party against the other, and were ever on the look out for a chance of turning out the Ministry, and putting tbe Opposi tion on tbe Treasury benches. Tbe Now South Wales Labor representatives proba bly once intended to de the same thing, but they acted otherwise. It was aoon seen how foreign the prin ciple ef payment of members is te the spirit of. the English Constitution, or the group of arrangements to-called. The principal, perhaps, tbe most important of these was designed to prevent placemen from sitting in tba legislature. Those who framed it must have turned ia their graves when bodies modelled on the House of Commons converted all their members into placemen, Bagshot and other consti tutional anthoritise have contrasted tbe nobility of the English Constitution under which ? an ad verse ' at jenty- oesv-etHsnr moment turn an unpopular government out of power, with the rigidity of -the American executive, which helda office for a fixed period. When members are paid they do net care te run the risk of losing their salaries. Hence the administration is likely to remain in power daring the maximum of the parliament's existence. As a thorough Protectionist, Morton was also opposed te the principle'ftf 'New Unionism,' , a bastard socialism, which would reduce skilled and unskilled kber to the same level. Here he was en folider ground, and the advocates of * Old Union ism * rallied round him. But the oranks and adventurers, whe dreaded his merciless logio soon had their revenge. * A general election was suddenly sprung on the people of New South Wales, and he was asked te contest a Sydney seav ' Twelvemonths before, .his retnrn would have bean certain. ' He would have been the champion' of the working classes in their political battle against capitalism. But bow another Richmond was in the field, an independent democratic candid ate. who received tbe support of the 'Land Valoe Taxers' and the 'New Unionists.' He, ojf course, did net stand a chanoe of aeouring the seit, but he. managed te poll a couple ef hundred votes, and Morton was defeated by half-a-dozen. The split ting of the working class vote seonred a, Beat for the representative of capital. From ibe dawn of history the former have proved unequal te the manoeuvres of political warfare. (TO BE 00NT1HDED.)
There are in London 80,000. women o! varying degree* of skill who follow the calling of laundresses under more or lest disadvantageous circumstances. We are pleased to notice that our friend Mr Felix Greenwood oi George-street, Hav
market, hat rsoeatly pnrohased the good will of Mr Dibbles, Bakery, Duke and William streets. It it quite refreshing in these time* of depression and general growling, to find. ejMMona, who findtit neoattarr to attend his fcoamesa, the fact ia, Mr Greenwood hat established a repatatioa tor high claat Baking and Confectionary.* .'. ? TkelrliataailBxiSement in Geoiree-street near Railway BUUoa, last week, wat not tae result of a tram accident or any thins; of that tort It wat Simply the Crowd kntU ins one another te get into ' Ihe Bon tf arehe* wfaea they are holding their Ant neat sale. The New Show Boom, whiea ia well lighted and ventilated and fitted like the rest el the UstabUahment In the most up-to-date and modern style coaWnt, Millinery, Mantlet, Oottnmet and Ladies and Children! Under clothing, all. of the newest and daintiest design. In liens Clothing and Meroery tke Stock it both, large, Varied and Fashionable, while the Stock of booU aad Shoe* it unique, end Sufficient so Shod both sexes in' this Colony to tae end of the Century.* ' Tka Australia Hotel, corner of Abereiem- ble and George streets, few who view the fine Building whioh stands here to-day, wonld fceeognise the old tumble-down Kttafe rilshmsmt of a few stoatbs baok, Mi John Woodi. tjie Aopiietor, hat spared no expense In biinjinf tiris home tato liae, with the bettin fiydnsT, The Cool, large well ven- tilated Bar, divided Into oompartnents, U gnetijrnnpnoUted, and as Ut Woods does it the enttomart and visitors a lax^e Butt neat as a Wine and Spirit Merchant and toTdta very large stock ef all the leading Bsand*,«f Wines, (Mitts, Beer etc, inBnlE and Case. Tae Oetafertable and Oety little Mr Patient, hate; aleai with the rett of the Interior, been keadeomaly papered, Oeuntry oidejs receive speolel attention and are dU »-**- 'SS&LSSAJS *% *** 'W tin GAm fjntXjfrpsijiftrtiit