Chapter 169753116

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Chapter NumberXVI
Chapter TitleSINKING THE FISCAL QUESTION.
Chapter Urlhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article169753116
Full Date1897-02-07
Page Number8
Corrections0
Word Count2067
IllustratedN
Last Corrected0000-00-00
Newspaper TitleTruth (Sydney)
Trove TitleAn Australian Anarchist
article text

t6- ? ? ' .ajs SDSTRJLIilfAERCipT

j|H; [All Right* Rsserved.]

'% . (Br V. L. THOMAS.)

»?? ChaptebXVL &:.?' ffijj.',v MHKIKG THE FISCAL QUESTION.

j§t.V . The advanced and independent democrat H ' Wiio secured tbe defeat of Morton as |F;V .. ?ffecfasally a6 if he bod been a minion in jigj.; the pay of capitalism — and there wan a. ^y rumor long after tbat be bad receired a pffc- obeqoe for expenses from a capitalistic |p party organisation, which be denounced — ;?;'? vis none other than an . acquaintance Sfe whom be bad met in a different part of the

ipS1 werld, namely, Mr George Marker, the !pf assistant of Vallambroaa. the Anarchist. ?/? Ob his arrest, ValUmbrosa was charged Jv- with being in possession of treasonable '?? ; ' dooumente and a certain explosive : but, ???'/ since the days of l'almerston, English 1 1? ? publio opinion has been inclined to make :,_;- light of such offeocer. lie was soon lV liheratod, to find that the French Govern k- ment demanded bis extradition. As lie i-' ?-„ left ia charge of a Paria detecti re, he knew jftT that hie oareer as a conspirator was ended. tfr The charge was serious, an i the French ||& Courts and the French KzecuuVe are little gC inclined to pay heed ts- popular clamor. O*- - Bidding them to remember only the cams P?{1 ' and act to Btudy him, he requested Marker m& an! Mademoiselle Viola to go to Australia. |K 'With them returned 'Walgett' Watson. IS . Marker was uiucb. disappointed at the j|? manner ia which they were received. R£ , ; Australia, ready enough to lionise suc 8|; cetsful beat-pullers or pugilists, was apa K'. ? tbatic towards 'recenetructors of society' M and premulgators of new plans for the IH? regeneration of mankind. p.;. But he seen succeeded in gaining the |si public ear. The Sunday after hit arrival jfe be spoke is Sydney Domain. Ee an J;r Bounce*! himself a Free Thinker, and bis S~ blasphemous address was logical enough |. ', to command attention, la addition to an ki- acquaintance with the works of Ingerenll, £; Bradlaogb, and Tern Paine, lie had been f-, , educated for the Scotch kirk, and thug $& gained that Biblical knowledge which so gf, often leads to atheism and : is also used )»-,'' twilh such effect in agnostic propaganda. 1L? He soon forsook the religious for the g;-'' . political stunip. Inclined towards anar Wf- ? cliistu from his recent education, Marker & -intuitively taw that the principles it incul m~ cated could never attain popularity in a ?'? community where democracy has the p - ?widest play. In fact, - he was extremely £ , guarded in all his utterances, and Blow to |-- commit himself to any definite opinion. k The characteristic caution of his nation p bad shown him that the platform utterance L' which t»-day provokes cheers, may to ll -morrow be most embarrassing to the fe. shifty politician forced to .change his Ht . opinion. ^?L When BBked whether he favored Free ^Hfc. trade or Protection, the policies which ^?L^jvided the ' ins ' and the ' outs,' he an *f9HBiunced himself as a 'fiscal sinke.r,' be flyiwSSte* **'* were otber reforms of more |lM#-??i»rt*Boe to the working classes. The ^«:-3em 'fiscal sinker,' at once bee.irae ?tHllI ' ^r» lnd en»bl«d champions of labor, Wai '««l hitherto fought on different sidos, a\ll\t H9'-*«»nder tbe easse banner. How Iftilft: --T-'4t told far more severely against; ^?«S9-«tectlon, a policy .which appeals to the ?p.:v// ?' -v torking classes, rather than capitalists and §R # -r-i ;-J$V* - detaching the former the new ' WpJM/iS&SBh' Movement killed Protection, for a WpW®** ?* leaet- wbUe there- h a distinct lK|piaber party prepared to ?Mr.'tya. fepal gyHr question, the cause ef Prote^gon md ljffi never beoome popular. W& 'Bat can the fiscal question be eunV?' y?- asSed Morten, when a friendly deputation |-^ «f trades unionists asked him to renounce E&. Protection and fall in with the new idea KJ «f neutrality. ' Yon may as well imagine Jt ,% an «gg without a yolk, ar' the 'play of Mr 'Hamlet' with the Prince of Denmark EL- left out, as a great political party without I*: « fiscal qnesdon. In Greece and Rome, m -and tboie German forests of Tacitus, PJ wh6re._tbe science ef Ouastitutional §£, ^3«vernnketitwa«cradled, thefiecalqiiestion,1 K' .;'1netead of being stfnk, was very mu»h at P^ ? tlte-top, beiag, in fact, the main vital EC : motive-principle. The£scal question was WBf at Uhe bottom of the '.agitation' which W' '' ended in Magna Ckarta. I)id John Hamp W: den sink the fiscal question when he re |&- .; ?- fund to pay ship money ? Wat Tyler's m,c nvplt was due to a poll tax. 4t was the Wf ': prenure of exorbitant taxatios that stirred Wi' up the agiUtien ef Jack Cade later en. m-r The fiscal question lost Charles the First ||r~ ': xdi head. It made bis sen unpopular later m? ^s*k.: It lost his other sen the Crewn ; it Hg, - ?iiadagoed deal te do with making his mp~, :?.. «6Wn-law popular; it lest England WtiL ? ?-. the United States ; it made North weak, g||. and Pitt 'strong. Take every administaa pS tion from the time of Pitt to the time Ep. . of Qladetone, and you-will find that they |T ' ?were streng or, weak, just as they attended |f.1 to finance. Tbis alone proves the impoi F- aibility of sinking the fiscal question. |i-'- Ten will find that the fiscal question baB E2 , . been at the bottom of all reform and pro fl grm. Consequently, as a Democrat, I & cannot accede to a course which -would, I %jr ' believe, bar reform and progress.' f- ? The deputation saw the-ferce of Mor l ton'sargnment, bnt they became lukewarm f thenceforth in supporting his candidature. |- ' The fact is that sinking the fiscal question f' gave to ignorant hodmen a chance ef K r_ ? entering Parliament that would never have p: : otherwise cropped op, so they resolved to m:'y Wanake the tiest of the opportunity. pr . . The man who toies to stop: an agitation p;; ? . at fever heat with cold, pitiless -logic -is p v ; certain -to become unpopular, and to, never 'f ; . »gM& iwularity. Mtil-tke-jmHic-fesswren '^ its trror. Morton was just as meroilesB. in IS 4ea]ing with other 'planks ' of the Labor *r ? ?:^ij!»;ii^-,J. .:.,-.. .: .,-v.^- . .? &~ % J*&»TtferipKlum.;he exclaimed, - merely fef v ehwoithat the high priests of 'New m$^ '-? 'Unionism' are ignorant of history. They K' ' ? .have cribbed. th» idea from an American P~ political organisation, but it was eld in B ' - the ivf* ef Plato. In fact the Temper ^ '-»no9 Party bate all . along been agitating fP- - ierapetty nferendum, which they term p; Xooal Option. If you read De Lolm», fc ei or standard anther, yon will see %'' ' the advantage of baving laws made by |ij, . represeatotiveB, instead of by the people 1^; themselves. In fact, the latter fwonld i.} .fee impossible. Your idea of areferen ir/ rfura 'is the plebiscite, the greatest engine m^r' ? «f tyraimy the world has ever known. &-' . .?-Itjwa8 the means of banishing Aristides E~ M Iroin Athens; .it ennbled Louis Napeleen W-S:- *? strangle the French Republic, It 35*;/ wonld toe a perfect cunt.' K ' ; ? It was in Tain, bewever, toquete De Wls* . X*lme, and ancient «s well as medera |g;, , -fclstory, to men who 'hung with . acclama ^pi's; . .*-?? -»n the accents of Domain Btump W?, 'V«rattr». Ho went on. S)fe''t»i' 'A» ?lectave Ministry, such as tbat in |aF;if ftwhAriend, could not harmonise with the ^4li; ? Britisn' Constltntion .or its offshoots, as W&-& aayono acquainted with the rise ef party ^P*, ROTenroieat can see. Liebehr, the Ger K'' . maa-Ainerican antbor, points out tbat W'J party goveramest caaaot work .when |'V thaw are more then two parties. You jgHi:.'. ..-'. .'?/-?'? ??????* wm£i.y ' - ?? ? wtmte;£.:. ?-???..? -. ?

denounce party Government, yet yon will not give it a fair trial You establish a third party, and thus epoil its chances.' The proposal for a State Bank be dealt with thus : ' Were every member of the New South Parliament as truthful and honest as Washington, as incorruptible as Robes pierre, it might work, perhaps ? Bnt you must take things as yo'u nnd them, »nd what have we 't Only a few days ago, an honorable member was clearly detected in acceptiong bribes, but be himself called it 'expenses incurred'; a similar act of corruption last year was explained as ' pay ment for services rendered,' yet no ene ever said a word. . It was seemingly regarded as quite natural. A State Com mission, a few months ago, held ao. inquiry into a Government institution presided over by a v«ry prominent politi cian. They found that he bad paid State

money into his own private account, but that it bad been disgorged. A polioe magistrate acquitted him because be had been acting gratuitously, and not an a paid servant, and a noble und incorruptible Parliament, a few days afterwards, pays him a lump sum in lieu of salary !' 'A member on Parliament in iiew South Wales is supposed t» best serve the country by providing as many billets as possible for his constituents' eons. The ntate Bank. I oresame. would be oflicered

by the unfortunate young fellsrws who cannot now get into the Civil service because others have a prior claim on the district member. Another duty of the model legislator is to attend to dis trict wants. Instead of a good system of local Government, local affairs are left to logrolling influence which the Parlia mentary representative can bring to bear on the National Treasriry, With a State Bank, the present reads and bridges member would be expected to procure advances for his constituents. Those, who now ask for a State Bank of issue expect something more advanced, er rather, more inclined to aticance, than the present Government Savings 'Bank is. But how long would such an institution last ? Where weuld the money come from? Who would deposit their savintre in a bank managed by professional politicians 'i Why they have been tha ruin of kinks and building societies in which politics was supposed to have no voice. Look at the banker politicians now serving sen tences in Darlinghurst and Pentridge. Look at the others whoolionld be there 1' These representatives of labor, who heard him, could not reply to Morton's arguments, but assured their fellews tbat he was thoroughly out of touch with the movement, whatever that meant, and not a few pronounced him 'a mere capitalistic tooL' However, when the election came round, many of the working men remembered bis former services and supported him. But for the handful ef veterfi whs rallied round the red flag raised by Marker he would have been returned. The latter obtained 300 votes, Morton was six be hind tbe successful candidate. At the conclusion of aie poll he thanked bis supporters, and, warning his hearers of coming disasters, bade farewell te the labor movement, assuring them that for some time private,* not public, affairs would engross his attention. Kot bo Marker, who boasted with pro phetic vision that he himself, and the cause of progress and democracy, which he represented, were certain of victory in the near futnre. In a few days be contested a country electorate, where he obtained about a dozen votes. Fortunately for him, a silly and excitable police officer heard some of the revolutionary language which was - used. An abortive prosecution was --he result Then Marker travelled day Slid night to a distant mining. caof&^Ur eacy. As it was. among the Uwt ttatcn af ' seats contested, there were seven cuudi dauw, in the field. The miners had re center been on strike and had failed. They now rallied reund the man who had Bucceiisfully defied law and order, and Marker was returned by a small majority. (TO BE CONTINUED.)