Chapter 169751931

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Chapter NumberVI
Chapter Title
Chapter Url
Full Date1896-12-20
Page Number8
Word Count3505
Last Corrected0000-00-00
Newspaper TitleTruth (Sydney)
Trove TitleAn Australian Anarchist
article text


[AU Bight* Reserved.]

(Bi V. L. THOMAS.)

Chapi'EE VL

A COLONIAL LEGISLATOR, WALGBTT WATSON. 'I can't say that I particularly «dtuire either of tbem,' said Mrs Goddard, wife , of tha local baconcurer, who occasionally visited the Samuels, and, on tbat account, considered herself in society, and above tha other dimes of the small market- town

ef Bannerdown. 'Tbe Irish one! well,' what can yon expect ont of Irish V S earns to bt a learned man enough, bat knows nothing; abont society. He told me tbat be had never been in a Leaden drawing .. room.' 'Yes, but he has been in many a Paris salon, Which is a greater matter. He speaks French with such a period accent,' eaid Lady Mangan, who spent her winters in th* south ef Prance. ' I do so like the French, and he ie French by lohg resi dence and education. I may say ale* that I am A great admirer of the Irish ; not the ; Irishman of the music-hall stage and the Landau comic papers — the enly one whom the vnlgar, untravelled middle-class Eng lish knew.' Mrs. Goddard saw the was on dangerous j

ground, and resolved te change the sub ject ? So aha exclaimed, ' But isn't the ether one, tha Australian, odd ?' -Ho ia. certainly rather bizarre,' coldly replied Lady Msngan. Goddard did not understand the last phrase, but, of course, would never * castes* her ignorance. ' Oh.' she cried, - that is just what I said when be was arrested for shooting down the deer. Wasn't it horrid? Do you know they say that what's bred* in the bona must come out in tbe fish. All the natives o£ that part, they say, are des cended from murderers and sheep-stoalers. What more natural than that their descen dants should take a notion to shafa down the apstocracy's deer V ' I think we had better change the sub -ject. - Hare comes Miss Samuels ; and she evidently, though a native ef the same t country, wonld sot like to hear you in sinuate that her worthy father was either a murderer or a sheep-stealer,' said Lady evidently bored as well as an noyed at the observations ef her com panion, as they sat in the conservatory at Bamnderdawn Hall, a couple of daya after the shotting ef the' deer — an event which . created consternation areund Bannerdown, and waa talked of throughout the county. People . were astonished at Sir William Samuel's forbearance, and not a few thought atjterwards of writing to the absent marqtfis. They sever knew that the neble potentate, before departing to serve his Queen and his own encumbered estate — the colonists whom he wassup ' poeed to rule being a secondary nonsidera tion— had protected himself in a carefully drawn'up leaBe,-ag&in»t all such damage tohii property. Miss Samuels looked the picture of lteslthas she approached. ' ph.* said that young lady, 'it reminded xaecf old times, when I was a little girl at Baaksida, to see Mr Watspn trying te ahow af how to coek a damper.' ?-^'Wfcal; is . that?' inquired Mrs. God |$HM,%*notedly goad- housewife, ^whp F^o^djifford te keep a good table, aa her : ' wai-the- : mostextoaifpe $uwr -of

^^^^^^^^Vatson,vb^t^^j^wnMl'W61 fgett,W'*ta-m, the kangaroo, was in ap ppalWce ? typical cornstalk. He stood ' considerably over six feet in height, yet woighed less that list. Though angular, hSsisgarowas sot ungraceful, an-T pos ewssed that sinewy strength which has ,4foM$TO?ed the gaunt, long-limbed Aus traUan'ancb a formidable oppenentin the; boxing ring. Despite his long legs, no Matt conld fcita horee neatly. In fact, tie legs enabled himte defy the moat nbeUoUs buck-jumper. His pro-. - mil i*W eyebrows, flashing -dark oyoa, and smpjlLUe batokenod a keen . penetrative intallact. It waa to this faculty ha owiad i ysjrose'nt prominence. Not one man in ' ^thousand weulel have seen the 'point on ^ #bwb 'ha fought tha - legislature of his native land, a poitat of order which, raisbd ^ In the' . Assembly Chamber, was carried to. ' the Privy Council io be daoided in bis . favor,' Butareceding-chin,# small jaw, - apd thick lips batokenod tbat .'be had ?aeiib'or the firmness nor the self-denial to i: j&jht' for - a farand troublesome end. . Whllohe was a child his father died, * leaving fain to;- the care of his mother, a' Scotchwoman of strong religious con vie- 1 tioas. -It 'was.. afterwards, noticed, when ; hit eloquence electrified two hemispheres, that his diction was Biblical. In fact, the ? Bible and Macanlay's essays were the only books he bad ever read. - When in ?hie teens, he entered tbe office of a Syd- ! ney lawyer, fer his mother had resolved that ho should follow his father's foot- \ jv steps* Hero his faculty for raising points 'etrSS delicate hairsplitting was developed. r_„N quarrelled with his prinoipal, an action and the boy clerk beat the old PESOEft^ discovering a flaw in their 'etbohei. upSf He returned to his native aokers in the jpame a land agent The land link -t waa the /South 'Wales appear to have Jwty ' co^stoiiod^d in corruption, and adminis wq -ngs»meets anility. ? At anyrate, they' e% Such,* howlfadant fielf for Walter Wat twspaper name ! adjjis two their costs -Bttor* nsk«s on opeA age of 22 he roprapaatad ths * few »«liao)»^ ' ^ ety broadlr fiatijintioji, 1 risnlngfc '^'hun as the Austruian Pitt. , Bnt n th-' booki|ing the age ef 25 ho was^ta far as at QO^tver from the Freauerehip, 'whioh atJ ays vat seoniod wall within iis grasp. Un t laa Jualled aii a debater, ha fenkd the ateady -B^ibdding indastry, easentiai in Parliament, aSu i^ .sther walks of life, distasteful. Then J» fioroe, nugevaraable temper prevented ttj ijim from working smoothly with the ^Biedtoore iegislaters areund him. He l^.oyerturned a poworfal Ministry with one 1, ^ jus jiotod epigrams, and, when invited isjlnr.&e ottier side to take offioe, assailed the a burst of inveotivo whioh ^^^o jiiin from pnbJio lifa. In Farlia n ^^^e.%^came an Ishmael. £veryaids ftH against him, and outside his iy^^mokleas style of living— for he was kind of itian to hide his faults bushel— e8t»ngad the reipeot ^^^^by ff Kow South; Wales. This en ^?^M^odihe Speaker , and the Chairman ef I^KmMtteos to take : liberties, but to the country. Ho was much better :; ''^D^pnted with the rales of tha House. It llH^Aotian against the ^Speaker. wh\oh inofrM— A Toitng nm tiring at Sad ; *^»g^out to be auriea, Aetided te fuxoUh / ,up®*lfcN&riQeiJt( the result being tbat witlJfc tlx ' tiiti, leuTllis iismeliua. '' Lo6*«v.o-», 4 toemi wicplttf rf j oa'-ucrojJw *onW not tin'cusp

had brought him to London to plead his ease before tlie-Privy Council. 'But why do jspu call it a damper?' in quired Mrs. Godcfard. 'Probably because a man tnnat drown the wil)er before be can make one,' tacetiously observed Watson : ' but really, madam, you had better seek Scripture, for I believe oor damper is nothing more or less than tbe unleavened bread of the Passover.' 'I presume it is only tbe very lower orders that live in that fashion,' haughtily t roplied Mrs. Goddard, 'Oh, that's a popular mistake,' aaid Watson, with mock gravity. 'Mist Samuels will tell you that a considerable number of England a aristocrats beg for flour at her father's station every night; and after getting it make off to tbe travoUar'a hut to bake their datnper. By-the-wa^ about tbe sturdiest beggars we have in Aus tralia are brekSQ-down aristocrats.* 'God help tho country where an aris tocracy cannot be appreciated,' eaid Mrs. Goddard. ' Wi-y, even a novel ia not worth reading unless some of tbe cbarac tera belong to the aristocracy.' 'kh,' replied Watson, 'that ia because the real'gorgeous aristocrat is found only in novels. By tho way, that dear, Lord Beaconsfieldi whom the Conservatives now worship, eaya, in on4 of hie best novels, that the true nobility are to be fonnd only aiaong tbe peasantry, while ho proveB tbat all your modern nobility are«f mere mush room growth.' Lady Mangan, delighted at tho horrified oxpreasion on Mrs. Goddard's face, aaid : * ' But, Mr. W&tsen, you saust bear in mind that all tbe richest of your self-made Americans and Australians are anxious enough to marry tbeir children to the aris tocrats whom you too evidently despise.' 'Oh, yes,' replied Watson, 'it is a wise dispensation from Providenoo. We might breed a real aristocracy — a mere aristo cracy of wealth, the most pernicious the world.has ever seen, only that our daugh ters take our money to prep up the totter ing fortunes ef your aristocrats. This is. what the Labor economists call a more equal distribution of wealth. Yott got our money, and we don't 'even get the advan tage, of your blue blood — a losing arrange ment for nsr People pity Africa because of the flesh and blood it .has lest through the slave trade. No one pities Amerioa for tbe flosb and blood and the solid trea sure they Iobo through tha foreigh alliances of their heiresses. However, I must see Sir William in the library. I hope you'll excuse ma' ' Perfectly horrid,' cried Mrs Goddard, gazing at his. retreating figure. 'Very amuaing, though,' aaid Lady Mangan— let us go inaide. Vera Samuela stood alone on the terrace. ' Yes,' she said, musingly, ' It is only a slave-trade. Why, Grimshaw, thougfc he is only a commoner, is superior to the lot. Where is the aristocrat among them who would have courage to fight ainglehanded against a Government ? Wonld one of them have come all tho way to I^ondon to plead tbe cause of the Sydney working class V Chapteb VII. . A FOZZLE. 'I'm glad I've got you here,' said: Frank Morton to Grimshaw, 'there is not: a library in England where tho other side of the question is ao well represented.' ' Do you mean te say . that both sides are not fairly put in our public institu tions,' queried Gtimshaw. 'Far from it,' answered Morion. 'As you know, my mission haa lately taken tne into1; ail the' great' industrial and com- ; mercial centres. In your municipal libraries I fonnd several collections of books, even those Lancashire cO-optaUfe stores, cnrsejl _by the^iti»^^^Jtw||tr, ^ gflpupwiy ^and attontioh -to-. -tho maital Improvement. of .; their members -but I always found in1; theae places that the dootrines of Bright ; aqd' Cobden were treated, as irrefutable. Not a work on the other. sid-^ but hen in i this library you have List and De Fentonay ^ and enough of Colbert himself, the first and 'greatest of modern ' Pretoctionists, your own Byles, and, above all, Henry Gany, the Irish-America^ a man to Wham ! the world has sot yet paid doe deference.' Bnt you must allow that Freetrade made England what it is,' said Grim- j shsiW. '« I deny that -Freetrade made England what it is, bat it will briag it to what it ia drifting to-^daatruction,' replied Morton. ? * How do yen make that ont?* asked tho Laaoaehiro manufacturer,- somewhat startled by the other'6 earneat tone. , More ton paused for a fewminates and slowly aaid ''Who made 'Eagland a naval power?- Cromwell Not eo auioh by hia enoouragoosoat ; of tho navy, as by the naviigatien laws— a protectivo measure W)ticb confined ; English trade to English ebij». ~ Snob, commercial centres as Glas gow date from the time of the first Pitt,; and bo certainly .was not a freetrader. He would netallow the oelenles to maka ovea a mail.' ; 'Ob. that is ancient history,' observed. Grimsnaw. ' We have no proof that Pitt and Cromwell, would sot have done as' well with' & th'orongb freetrade policy. Come nearer our'own times.' 'Yes, I will, and 'just showyou. Macaulay haa obsorved . that the British Empire is.a mighty organisation with a weak apot near the heart. Ho alludes to Ireland. Well, I find that there is another spot near tho extremity ; I 'allude to India. Now, both Ireland and India havo been impororished by Freetrade and nothing else.' . ' I have board something . of the kind with'respect to Ireland ; but it was in tho old days before Freetrade was oven dreaiht of ; and as for India, I do n»t, think authorities are on yenr aide. Their haad |eoms..oeuld:«i(yer ag&ihat our machinery. . I do as oztonaivo trade

with India myself,' triumphantly replied. Grimebaw. ' Well,' said Morton, 'you need not look ' for authorities. Comtaenhistoiy is enough. You'll find that tbe East India Company, which, with all its desire to eam dividends, did not want to kill tho goose that laid tho golden eggs, desired to restrict open competition. The labor of tbe community Was utilised, and labor time ia the only asset of the man who haa to work for a living. Freetrade bas destroyed tbat asset, and offers cheap shoddy. But what is tbe good of cheap commodities when one's purchasing power ia gone ? Result— India is impoverished, bas her periodical famines, and is also the hotbed of Russian intrigue, likely te plunge you into a great war. When that is over and peace is declared yon can reckon on how much England owes to Bright and Cobden.' ' What has India to gain from Bnasia ? exclaimed the manufacturer. 'A good deal,' was the reply. 'Bnssia may not be a great colonising nation, bnt she has the knack of conciliating the people shosobdneir She will not interfere with India's religion to please Exeter Hall, nor ruin India's trade to conciliate econo mists, and Lsnoashire manufacturers, and chambera of commerce.1 * But what ef that P cried Grimshaw ; 'you know the old Liberal doctrine ia, 'Perish India and the colonies.' Only for her being ao near, we'd gladly part with Ireland too. You know what a great statesman eaid about towing her into tha ocean.' 'Pariah India, and what becomes cf your Lancashire looms and spindles ? Where will your cotton go to? But is it your cotton ? You knew it is a mistake to say that England is a great producing nation.' ' What !' cried Grimshaw, in astonish ment^ ' you mean to deny tbat we are a great producing nation ?' ' You scarcely are,' retorted tbe labor delegate. ' One of . the authors to° whom I alluded a short time ago calla you '? con verters.' Take your Lancashire cotton ; the raw material oemes from America'; so do the wages of your operatives for their wages represent so muoh American meat and fleur to 'feed them. You see how Freetrade has benefited your manufactures. Cheap food has served the same purpose aa cheap coal for the engines and cheap oil for tbe machines ; and to get tbe cheap bil for the human machine you have ruined British agrioulture aud cutoff your natural food snpply. You remember the Lan cashire cotton famine. - What would hap pen if a dozen Alabamas took to the high aeas to intercept your food supplies ?' 'There is our Wavy,' said Grimshaw. 'That may be,' answered Morton, 'but remember that naval authorities now favor the swift cruiser. However, tbe danger resnlting from Freetrade will come from within rather than from without. I was up in Lanchasire the other day, and saw. your wonderful mill. You turn out the fineat fabrics in the world, Damascus or the looms of India have not yet turned out anything equaL The fineness ef tbe apider'a web was almost coarseness com pared te tbe yarn. ' I noticed tbat the fac tory band who tended four looms, and turned out the beautiful stuff so quickly, wore fustian and clogs. I thought ef Carlyle's words ia ' Past and Present,' bow the law of supply and demand and obeap production didpnot clothe the factory hand any batter. I noticed the same thing in Sheffield, and the Black Country, and the Potteries, and Birmingham. Now, how long will your operatives keep on produc ing beautiful articles, of which tbey shall not know tbe use? You know Adam' Smith aaya that tho product of labor is tho natural reward of labor.' 'Our operatives do not yet read Adam Smitb/'Baid Grimebaw. - - 'No, but thoy soon aball, for$ie»ture ia. ^getting cheaper — and may -bo read, startling. ' ualifca'ZiiSJS yog have not-lived abroad to roalis*' /how' tin - working 1 dittoes ''fiT Germany' ahd 'j Franca, and elsewhere, are studying social and dconomio problems. God help the oOontiy that is ssved from deitractiea through the ignorance of its masses — it mnst soon 'go. under.' ' ] ' But: what haa tbat got to do with Freetrade?1 cried Grimshaw. ' * Everything. Everything. It ia Free trade that .has divorced your people from tha soil, forced them to live in big towns, because it destroyed agriculture) ana stimulated town employment Had you seen the Parisian .mob, aal have, pouring from lanes, and alleys, and clamoring fa t barricades, you'd: know the significance pf tha change.' ' ' Well, hang it al!,' observed Grimshaw, | 'you muat allow that the national wealth has increased under Freetrade.' ' You remember Goldsmith's couplet — - 111 fane the lead to fauteaiog ills* prey. Where wealth «ouuouUtes and men decay. It has inoroased your wealth, but at what coat?'

1 The Bluebooks and statistics show an increase iu the volume of our trade.' ' Certainly,' said Morton ; 'it haa in creased the volume of your trade, but that is because you are converters as much as Croducers, and, above all, because you have ecome tbe world's moneychangers.' ' I don't quite see the connection,' murmured the manufacturer. ' Well, one of tbe first arguments you Freetraders ase is that when goods are imported, it is not specie tbat pays for them, but Other goods are exchanged' by: means of. billa, A'ow, the other day, the colony of New South Wales raised a loan to build a railway. .People said it would give a good deal of employment ; so it-has, but tbe men, though they receive their wages every week end, are really paid in English goods exported — moleskin pants and shovels. ' When a loan is raised you'll find English ti-ade to that country is stimulated, ln a word, England, instead of lending money, -reaily advances goods to the ceunby that borrows. Freetrade thus enables you not only to g*t interest I on your loans, but also to make a profit on your loans, but also to make a profit on the goods- you send out While England is the great lending nation her monied classes benefit by her Freetrade policy, for net only does she send out goods aa principal, but her interest also comes back as pro duce, thus deriving a double profit. - Sbe sells dear md buys cheap.' 'Then you admit she derives so much advantage?' laughed Grimshaw. 'Yes, but at what coat ? — an Irish ques tion, an Indian question, a ruined agri culture, a congested population in the cities, a social and a labor problem, the end of which we cannot see, and all to on rich tht classes who have enough already, while rousing the iSngry passions of the masses who have nothing at all.' Sir William Samnels entered, and said, cheerily, 'Still at the fiscal wrangle. I told you, Grimshaw, that there was another side to the question, which you Englishmen never see.' (to be continded.') THE TWO GENUINE ARTICLES : . CLEMENTS TONIC, t FLBTOHSii'S PILLS, IMITATED 1 BDT UNBIVALLED AND UNEQUALLED. CLEMENTS TONIO is a scientfic chemi cal food, and restores the tissue wasted by tbe yocatlona of every day life, is a prompt aad sate remedy for neuralgia, nervousness, weakness, debility, liver complaint, dropsy, and chronic indigestion. FLSXCHSB'S PILLS cure heartburn, backache, headache, liver torpidity, dyspep sia and all complaints of the stomach and bowels. v These two remedies have been thoroughly i tested in all the hot countries of the world. They are sold at a price within the reaoh of ail people. .Evidence is forwarded free on receipt of name and address that will satisfy the most sceptical as to their vi.-tneg. Tbey are told everywhere, bat care most be taken that the genuine are obtained or the money and time are wasted and the disease so much the more serious.. In Par is and Berlin, a building may occupy only a certain prescribed propor tion, of the lot on which it stands. In Chicago and New York twenty storey buildings are 'quite numerous, and twenty five and twenty-eight storied .structures ar$ in course of crcction. Dixon's P. and O. Laundry, White-street Leichhardt ill hand work. Telephone 53 Balmain. Letter? promptly attended to'