|Chapter Title||DR. SCHWEINER.|
|Newspaper Title||Truth (Sydney)|
|Trove Title||An Australian Anarchist|
./via AUSTRALIAN ANARCHIST
(All Rights Reserved.]
(By V. h. THOMAB.)
Chapter XXVTIL dr. ecbweiner.
Morton and Qrimshsw had just dined, and were engaged in the old controversy. 'Diversity of occupation,' eaid tbe former, ' promotes intercourse among men, yes, and good fellowship too. Place 100 men on a desert island, and if one makes shoes, another clothes, a third builds
heuBee, a fourth bakes bread, a fifth acta as blacksmith, end eo on, while a certain number are engaged in tilling the Boil, they will work amicably together, and the community must progress, but let them follow the behests of your Free traders and all begin te raise raw material from tbe ground, and they must become rivals, nay, enemies, and engage in cut throat competition, then the community mast seen decline.* 'How do you make that out?' asked the Lancashire manufacturer. The young barrister answered slowly. 'Should the product of the soil be con sumed near where it is raised it retains in another form to enrich the soiL There is the air men end animals breathe for instance. That is decomposed, and goes to nourish 'plants, trees and vegetables. What is taken ant of the ground fer food returns to it in this way, of ads tfi&nttre. New when the product of the land is taken across tha sea and cannot return ta nonrisb it in this way, the soil becomes exhausted, and in time cannot even raise raw material Hence Carey's theory that the country which confines itself to exporting raw material must end by exporting its men.' - But couldn't the'msnure be imported ?' queried Grimshaw. « Yes,* answered Marten, 'manure could be imported just as grapes are raised iu a hothouse, but it would net pay. You must remember that manure is extensively imported into seme oeuntriee . at present. They cannot afford to import any more. The vary countries that raise most raw material. cannot afford to import it at alL They now raise material cheaply because they have virgin soil, which does not require manuring. It astonishes trie that while you Freetraders talk of the hard jship ef taxing the consumer, you never think of how your system subjects the producer ta the greatest of all taxes.' ' Whatdoyeu mean 'said Grimshaw.' - 'The tax of transport' was tbe answer.) 'You never remember that the man who must seek a distent market, has to pay the cast of getting there; oven the protec tive tariff. Now, you say that it ia better for the 'farmer that he should Bend hie produce to Leaden or seme other -distant centre. I say it weuld.be better fer him if population were induced to come here by -what yen call artificial or restrictive means.' -' utrplnin please ' said his companion. - By bringing population near him, you bring a market near him,' answered Mor ton. 'He then can sell almost at hie own doer, and save the taxes which shipping firms, 1 and agents, and middlemen levy, when he has to eeek a distant market You say that he may have to pay more for his machinery. I have already told you that he does not necessarily, that protec tion will often .reduce the price of goods by stirnrrljdhKgilihinbwBdcctioni;^^,- anyway, the advantage of having a market near hiswwh door wwdd mere than' ptopter* l^boeaUthat;3^^e(4eaU.ohmp,ia a sciny theory for labor for the predacar.' ' Hew so ?' asked Grimshaw.' - Morton laughed and said, ' Buy cheap; what do yeu buy? Labor. Sell dear, whatdoyeu sell? Why labor's product In two ways, the bargain isnloss to labor. Look at labor and capita! in the abstract, as algebraic quantities, snd yea will see that tire great freetrade maxim means rain fer the producer; wb- is net a capital ist' The Lancashire manufacturer looked theughtful. His companion continued, 'But I have not explained nil. .For another reason, having .to send produce te a distent market is a loss even , to the egrionltrrriet, who merely, raises taw materials. At present, -he caaonly raise whaai of which the oarthpreduoes bushels. Bring population, and the market, near Mm, and he can profitably produce groan crepe, of which the earth nroduces tons. Now, anyone can -boo the difference be tween bushels and tens, yet owing to the cost of transport the leee bulky cropis alone profitable. The higger one; tire green crops, weald net bear tbe shipping chvgea.' ; - - 'Then yen are opposed to exporting the products of a country, ' smiled Grim shaw. wm flu MrecfcJtoU.ainj»£Beiad
to exporting raw material. Lot the taw materiel be converted iota the finished product, and the community must benefit in two ways. The labor time ef tbe people is purchased, tbe bulk of the com modity is reduced, and the cost ef trans port is reduced, and the raw material fetches more in the finished than in the unfinished state.' 'gammed ap, your case is this,* said Grimshaw, ' That diversity of occupation promoted by Protection, brings out asso ciation and internal commerce. That by relieving tbe producer and consumer from the cost of transport, by bringing them near one another, you raise tbe price of raw material, and lower the cost of tbe finished product ; and that while a country which exports raw material only most end by exporting its men, that which experts finished products finds an outlet not only for its raw material, but also finds occupa tion for other people besides those engaged in raising raw material. Adam Smith shows that when cloth is exported it con tains net only the wool, but combines the feed,' ' What an admirable summary !' cried his friend. 'I wonld recommend yea to commit it to writing and paste it in your bat, #r have it engraved in golden letters on the door of the Cebden Club.' A knock came te the door. It was the old dame who looked after the pretty cottage into which Morten moved after quitting his old lodgings at North Shore. ' Mr. Meiton,' she stud, 'a gentleman is intbehslL He calls himself Dr. Schweiner. I told him that yon were engaged, bot he eaid it was a matter of the greatest im portance, that he must eee yon. What shall I tell him ?' 'Schweiner, Schweiner, said Morton; ' I know no one of that name ; bnt, perhaps, it wonld be as well te see him. You won't mind my absence ; I'll be no longer than I can possibly avoid.' ' Not at all,' said Grimshaw. ' For the sake of Freetrade, I am glad that some thing bae cropped up' Morton went downstairs, and saw a tall, old gentleman, dressed in sedate black. From the manner in which his frock coat hung round him, it was evidently cat for another. His broad-brimmed silk hat also pointed te the second-band shop. The lower part ef his face was enveloped iu a long, flowing grey beard, while his eyes were completely covered by large, blue spectacles. To Morton he bore the appearance of a quack doctor, a phreno logist, or some other of the needy men who hang en the outer fringe ef the pro fessional world. To what do I owe the honor of your visit; quite unexpected?' asked the hamster; rather curay. In a guttural German accent, the stranger replied — ' I did not coma te disturb you at this hour en a frivolous errand. I shall net detain yon long. ' But what I have to say must be in private.' -Morton opened the deor of the front room, went inside, and, after turning up the gas, said— 'Well, I trust yeu can have all the privacy you want here.' The stranger followed him, and, after carefully testing the door-handle, advanced
to the middle of the room. He drew himself up to his full height, and suddenly pulled off a false beard. Then removing his biue spectacles, he coolly said— 'Mensienr has met Dr. Schweiner be fore.' ' Great heavens ! Ysllambroea !' gasped Morton, as he gazed at the piercing eyes, and tall form, which he knew eo well. ' What is it that brings yon here ? I know that yon are net the man to pome on a fool's errand. I am alse aware that your presence means serious business. What is the matter ?' The old Anarchist answered — /Yes, it is .serious: business. Though every moment is precious, I must, how ever, make a few preliminary observa tions. Since I saw you in tbe ragpickers' camp at Leichhardt, I have not been idle. I have several times seen my old assistant, tbe Hon George Marker, now a Minister of the Crown, and expect to see him eeon again, for I have a long and serious ac count to settle with him. Needless te say, he never gnesied that the twe gentlemen who have interviewed him on various matters, at virions times, during the last few days, wore identical with his eld mentor; If he did, I'd soon be in prison ; but I am an adept iu the art ef disguise.' ' I can see so,' exclaimed Morten. ' I'd never have known you.' Tbe eld man, smilingly, said— ' Disguised as a French priest I to-day gained admittance to Darlingharst Gaol, and saw yaor client. Paor Viola ! It put new heart into her to knew that I was at large. She has told me alL How can I repay you for your kindness to her ? But her life most, and shall be saved. Tbat is why I am bore to-night. I corne als® te save one to whom yeu are a friend from a fate worse thin death. But I am here above ell to work for revenge. The cauBe for which I've worked so long has sus tained a loss,- fer Viola, even if she'e set free, will desert us, and enter the nunnery ?where she w*b educated. - Bnt against' that less, and other wrongs, I must put a great off-set— which is revenge on the greatest scoundrel who hiss ever betrayed the cause — aay, defiled God's earth. .It is new just 7. In two and a half hours we must act, and be seme miles sway' from here. Listen to my plans.' (to be coNTmuen) Abyesinia is a country which is far ahead of even Mew Zealand in the matter of women's rights. The house and all its con tents belong to the wife, and if hubby offends, the turns him ont until he repents. AbyHfaisis therefore a promising -field for the New Women's Convention. Bays an Auckland paper:— The giddy young bucolice of New Plymouth fell down tort woifUpiAd the- -podgy little lege o! the Pollard kids, and the consumption 61 to&e taenia 'to have 'teen phenomenal. Mltohlp ?on's gardens were de^tdsd of tbefr.ehotoekt iexotict, ^ttd 'there was a rash on ribbons. Every evening when the curtain roee, tire front teats wore filled by a crowd of yonug men in their Sunday clothes, withjelaborately eeaped monatachea, aad the batter stream ing down their oollaxa from mops of refectory hair. Nov there is A void in many aching heart* end the Mary Jones sniff tiro sir aad exchange ralphnrona remarks over the Cir ce on wiles of the seductive Pollards, who have departed for fresh fields of conquest. Many of the Tarannki (writes will kave to I whip the eat for a month or two and go with out cigarettes in order to get square with the Acoommodating money-lender.