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Chapter NumberI
Chapter Title
Chapter Url
Full Date1863-08-15
Page Number3
Word Count3154
Last Corrected0000-00-00
Newspaper TitleThe Newcastle Chronicle and Hunter River District News (NSW : 1859 - 1866)
Trove TitleCivilisation; or, Dark Scenes in Australia. A Tale Founded on Fact
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lt-ir«««— Author of ' Rough Yarns from the tj£b»« Colonial Sketches,' 'Life at the South.' lit' . . ' _

Chapter 1st,

Ml, like n-nst first cnaPkrs» 1S pnnoi liii introductory. I btin the duIt the wiW mea 1jeSletpi-ng,1 ., I ft Wh «f to '8° h*ye, 80U,nde,d ^elr kne11 ! I IK«.re Ibe irrigsns* silently sleeping I Kl of the dying who lie where they fell , 5 T.,i, u,e de«th chsunt resound* \n ihe valley, i ttll noonUiDE near reach that cry ; feu' o up by olkem/rom tf.ully to gully,'d b, the wind a. ,t j»n»«^£.g#

' ? Irrigin«-native name ft' women. It was tbo morning after the massacre, 'liflows aud eaglelmwks had just found Ethe feast which the rifles- of the white Meters had prepared them. The bodies Eke savages were lying there a mingled IL of blood and gore; no semblance of

Kguitf is tuere now, ior me nueiy-iormeu lyliesia the dust, and its features are jJOTjdisceraable from their being/gnawed k i troop of native dogs who still prowl %i ihoso remains. All is silent there pitbe wild screaoh of the hawks as they fiinili impatience the departure of those JaTycurs, but, till then, they must be aaient to wheel round and round the car ;isb and pounce down occasionally to bear pin triumph a piece of flesh to the branch Bioine neighbouring tree, where they coolly Ln die delicate morsel. Presently

{kit is a rush from the dingoes ; a wild cry ItUl is heard, and the pack rush off to jit mountains, scared at the approach of fcjfor though they have never known .,'. iua master, still, instinct teaches them in his path, so they flee like hunted nio their hidinsr places. Man' is the

[{of the universe; beasts acknowledge ' ;pover, aye, and even his fellow man jjtqrjaU before him. Civilisation teaches ibis more noble than his brother sa p, to he shoots him down lest he should umber the soil he has forcibly taken co him. Standing on the mountain of aoneiplored sountry, whereon till then, liips, never white man's foot had trod, iag on the lovely landscape with its it rivers, verdant vallies, and prarie-like w, he exclaims in the language of one

car Jbnglisa uarus — 'I'm monarch of all I survey, Mf right, -ay, who shall dispute f ' to forgetful of the original inhabitants illlieir rights, he takes up that spot as a ilk bis flocks and herds, and too often jaroure to exterminate them (9). The Eemiption to the horrid feast had been Brad by a troupe of men hunters, who m the previous night committed a deed

?eli might make us blush to call them tiers. The attack had been so skillfully Died and so well carried out, that few lie sleeping savages had escaped, in slanguage, a whole tribe had been shot lit one, and he— but more of him anon. fkr were on horseback, well mounted; of tlwni, settlers, who had found out KlUsn up this new run. had annlied to

g» Government and registered it as the p'oiiof Lcrimbool, on the Mulga Ilivor, ' llnncli creek of the Isaacs, not one hi miles from its junction with the toy River. The townships of Yambn, elester, or Rockhampton were not then nistence, and Gladstone comprised but tints, i police station and store, and the lot the Northern Department (Captain . O'O— — — 1) himself residad in a mean i-prett that place. Civilisation had ex ;'1|W in limits but little beyond Mount jfemb, a rpot afterwards well known as gi station at which a fearful murder oo f Bpd on Christmas Day (10). Some set IPiliower, more adventurous than their Wty had ventured out to the boundless B*»r, where well grassed runs and amplo fiwfor their flocks rewarded their enter* Ip Among suoh pioneers were those |pte already introduced to the reader ; ipiincs were Mr. Charles and Edward jPMf London, William Brown, Paddy H'i »nd George Loohhend, their men, IWlj bound by agreement to servo them ip calendar months. Beside these was P& man, whose right name was unknown, RfWio rejoiced in the common place so ft1'' of ''Old Nick;1' ho was uuder no P««pBonient but merely hired by the |r'''()rif one spoko of loug ngreemonts I*w»lJ toll them ho was ' An hauld hand, Wwuld never bo bound to anyone; he \Wm$ °r l)in(1'nS in Gov'ment, take 'iff*0™ for that, 'specially in a myal coun m fflong WarriRals. He'd been up the fa1 i *'len lie was s'8ned first, and fl' were the shooting was, every hut W loopholes ; he was with Marks and

?p\»)& White Bay, when all the men nkl'W;ns to blacks, he never cared W\ gh oncouo'd been taken priso ? Wen and beon compelled to run for t''8; and they'd killed his mate too, a ffjwogfeller, a Londoner, a first-rate pw, trho used to Bing si'oh fine songs, QPy'Hliis bones is bleaching in the pi «nd as he oonoludes, Old Nick $y!h ? doWQ liard on tlie table ueor L\»* ii stauding, and wiping his eyes Cm'6 °f llis blue 8hirt' QS if iKjTi ' weakness, mutters through |-i,i ii '' witl- 'ittomess, ' The wret iHWfti1™ sparos oue 'ow- * tn''ks of B^f'ey.nnd shoots 'om down like dogs, L ™\'1b '-e thut has the down on ltd wa'8'' ^ow- ^ ouyono vonture ^thatit was quite impossible the LTC! of the Maranva or Leiohardt HJ? connected with those tribes in the

^ Wtwi, i 'i uiuortunato nut-mate j; totalled, he would reply, ?' Pooh, * ?' WnT ' ? — !'f ktawS?,0.'' p'?oni may- Pori»ap», dUpute this ,k -!.&,„'?' 8wlty of such conduct to tlie blaok. C Wt,/,''.b«' loan boldly nifort.thHt, !.!: ?*W k Wed Ve truo' all|l- if need*. -'-n bo iffi^tJitt' W'^y1110'0 Bre-of coutso' j|^»7t?.'filhUooo''!on i''0 ?IwpIwMm wo*an SiHiiii rau by lhe bl'k8' if I h-tno well-known tettlen at the north.

they're all alike ; ' birds of a feather,' you know the rest of the proverb, and, in course, aint they all one colour, sprung from one family at first, my word ! if I'd a' know'd the old blackfeller as had their raising I'd have tried my aim at him long ago with an ounce of lead (12).'' With these unrefined notions it must not be expected that such

men as Mick were very particular when journeying in the bush, and he it was who planned the massaci'e of a whole tribe on taking up this new run. His employers were Ht first horror-struck at thoughts of perpetrating deliberate aud cold blooded murder, but such scruples were ovor-ruled by the persuasive logic of the old man uiVin in ctmnla tint, fnrcihla lnncufice. in.

formed them, 'that if they would live peaceably in this spot they must at once exterminate their foes.' Gradually they were brought to consent to the proposal, and the result (as has been already stated) was their early visit to the aboriginal camp, and the carrying off their successful plans ; and these six rode into the valley merely to look at their work, The wild dogs were off. but the orows flew up at the interrup

tion, and then returned to renew the dem £ lition of the carcasses. ' Ah, ah !'' laughed Old Mick, ' here's the spot lads; loi', how they did run and screaoh last night when we rode up, they was all asleep, and I don't believe one escaped. I never seed 'em as tame afore ; made sure we'd have some de

sistonce ; instead of them falling down like lumps of lead it was real up and down work, for no sooner did they get up than they fell down again ; I sny, Master Chnu ley, wat say to having a lew skulls just to send home to your friends in England as curosities. I'm common curous 'bout these ere things, had a sort of shop of this kind once in Dublin, called it 'reen stores (pro bably marine stores) ; might have done well, only some property as did'nt belong to me was found in my crib, and a sort of swell cove who lived near swore against me, and then — but never mind old times; as I was

saying on, I used to live on the Maclntyre, and there I adopted tho curosity principles, and had a long string of skulls hanging in my hut. My mate, as 1 said afore, was a chop fond of reading, and. he said often and often, I was like one of them war chiefs he'd read on in Cooper's novels ; in course,

I was mighty proud to be paired with a chief, so I've kept on decreasing on 'em ever since; just look along the barr'l of this ere rifle and you'll see the nicks I've put in it ; well, every nick there signifies a ' darkie,' and now I'm going to add twenty more to the list in token of my Bharo in last night's performance (13). Poll! what a smell there ii here, and if a black smells bad when alive the stench is wusser when dead ; pity this In* /]|JJ«» «.,. nnmninliora dlaa tt\ Aia no tViiQ

IKJli UIU lib gU DUUIO'TllviV UIDU nv uivi uu umw is a fine place for a cattle earap, good feed aud plenty of water, lurking plaoes and all. Cattle oan't abear blacks nohow, they is like Christians, and when they comes to a track' where darkies has been along they suiff, snort, and run like mnd- I mind once a story of tin old bull as wus in a mob I had tackling — but no matter, I aint going to pitch no more yarns just now, wait till we get snug fixed at night aud then, if you

wants a sliff'un, Mick's the man.' During this loug speech or soliloquy, the remainder of the party had examined the spot, and, apparently satisfied with llioii1 scrutiny, wero about to ride off, when Charles Wilson, turning to his brother, fluid in a tremulous voice, ' we must have these remains co vered ;' ' Yes,' said Edward, ' they cannot injure us now, and we wage not war with the dead ; let us come to-morrow and bury them, for independent of the smell which will ulways prevail here if these bodies are left exposed, news of our doings may come to ears of the tho Government who, you are aware, hold the life of a blackfellow as saored as that of a white man, and punish severely any person, who kills one (14).' ' Aye, ' said Old Miok, ' so that's the way of it ; berry 'em indeed, and who's agoing to peaoh ? that's what 1 want to know ; who's tho man, I say, as is going to split ? why, if I thought it, whether ho wus master or man, I'd wing him like a turkey, sven if 1 got swung for it next minute, and asides cos we've intorrainated these' ounnibals does that foller we're going to berry 'em? in course not, others can do as they likes, but if so be as any man's ohicken hearted enough to berry 'em, I say it's a wouder he oame hero at all ; but, in bourse, we're quite sorry now, we are, we ropents doing it, we do, and we're all going to act like ohil'ren and split. Well, s'elp me never, if it's oome to this ere, then, I'm flustered abovelt bit. I axes pardon Master Chuuley, atldijjou Master Ned, if I've defended, but.Jj otnft help venting my feelings; a man will! have his feelings, and it 'noys mo to tiling of the 'marks us is beon made 'bout Gov'ment ; they und I never was best of friends, seeing they kept money too close for me, and^o I told 'em when I was outatBotauy quarrj^ ing— but let's be off, for this is more agree-' able nor plonsimt.' The whole party then, without further parley, rode off in the di reotion of the station, at the Bame time a dark visage peered-, from uuder the brush wood, and almost immediately after a tall muscular savngo sprang to his feet and gazed with glaring eyes at the retreatiug forms of the settlers as, with stealthy steps he npproaohed the mangled bodies of those who had sinoe been his relatives and friends.

Note (12).-Slugs and half.ounoa ball. »''-'')? uacdj the lead from tea oliesta isaioaroo artiolo. most or It being required for the purnoso hero Hated) one lettlerof our acquaintance BUppliu firearms and ead, but Ills men aro compelled to purchase powder ana caps. Note (13).— A fact. The oiAumstancei alluded to took place ut the Maolntyk ^fef* few yoat* 8in00' Noto (14),— Th* Normern^argui (Rookliampton papor) of the 2nd May, lafc-monjions the case of Mr. J. b. Harris, Lieutenant in the N*ivo Pohco force who wai apprehended at UookhamiM charged with having murdered an aboriginal namen ' Je,mmy.'..Tl»e«ot was SSlted near Gayndak apS Unuoaua wm I ™«»--^ for examination to that place. Thl»U not the only omo withwhioh the mngintraoy at the north have been oora polled to deal with. Till very recently, the shooting of iborifiinnls whs punished by death. The fact of some .lock-keepers having been hung at the Clarence liter for this offence is yet fresh in tho memory of the colonists, |

There he stood in nudity, just as nature had formed him, gazing wildly on those inanimate forms. Stern and forboding grew that visage, dark clouds were gather ing on bis brow, such as nothing earthly could dispel ; there was no moisture in those tearless eyes then for he had never wept since the days of childhood ; there was a convulsive pant of agony in that breast, such as the heart feels at tidings of some deep grief; beyond this he was calm and apparently unmoved ; it was the treacherous calm which precedes the com ing storm ; bitter passions which had, till that hour, lain dormant wero awakened from

their resting place, springing into life in every variety of shape ; anger, hatred, and revenge, theBe three held sway. He stood thus contemplating new plans of action, and raising his bead looked upward, as if to invoke heaven to aid him ; then, heaving a bitter sigh, he rushed away uttering mournful cries, and sough', rofuge in the deep recesses of a neighbouring scrub. It will save much trouble and avoid lengthy

detail if I inform the reader that the name of the savage is Urrenibi, the youngest so of a chief who hus fallen in that massacre, that he is beloved by Enoveeras, duughter of the chieftain of another tribe, and his visit to the mournful spectacle was to search for the remains of his kinsmeu, but in the mangled pile which met his gaze hn could not reoognise one feature. Whilst thus watching his feeffngs overcame him, and he was compelled to leave the spot to reoover

himself. Revenge was all be hoped for now ; his life in future should be devoted to carrying out this one thing. He had seen these white men visit that spot ; had heard the loud laugh and careless jest, and though he understood them not, still, his heart plainly told him they were tho mur derers. On them, therefore, he would take vengeance, but how? He was only one, single handedand unarmed,whilst they were many and powerful. And darkness fell on the earth, aud tho sun rose illumning the clear blue sky, just as it had dono the eve ning before. Aye, he was happy then, but

now, life was a blank, to him; only one thought appeared to make it worth striving for, so he lay down on tbe dry leaves and slept with this recollection only to make him happy. Day dawned, and the orb of day ascended to his mid-day oanopy ere he awaked from slumber; entering the valley he perceived tew traces of that slaughter; nothing save a large heap of earth marking the spot where all his hopes lay buried, and near this he stood and wept. The long pent current of sorrow had burs'; its chan

nels, its mighty barrier was broken down, and he could contain himself no longer. He had seen children weep when chidden by parents for some wrong doing, but his comrades had laughed at tears as belonging only to women. Only once, when the dark eyed Loan ah died, her old lather hud given vent to his' emotions in such a burst of agony as this ; he knew it was uumanly , but he could not help that, as he bent his head till it almost touohod that lonely sod, nnA f-lin luiTRinrr laaro nnma fhinlr nnr] fnat.

unchecked and unheeded by him j and theu he made a vow by plunging his hand into the Boft earth and afterwards raisiug it to wards as if he would swear by his parents' remains to have vengeance, and then consummated the same by appealing for aid to heaveu (15). Meanwhile, these white men, sanguinary though they may appear, ate, drauk»,and slept in apparent security, unnrinliyedVby aboriginals. Old Mick had a rate buaget of yarns, which be used to relate to amuse his\ delighted and willing listeuertoior books, papers, and other things whjch ,^6tftfibtIt8Wlflrgely to pass the time, were here rarities indeed. The old hand was consequently an invalu able acquisition to the new station, aud his

memory, stored with anecdotes, was a per fect circulating library in itself (16). Thus, six months passed over, and then— and then winter came. ( To be Continued.)

Note (15).— This method of swearing on oath isadop. ed by the coast aborigines at the north. It has been affirmed by several persons thjt the native tiibcs of Aus tralia hate no religion or belier in a Supreme Being, but Mr. William Howitt and Frank Fowler, two writers on colonial topics, both mention their having met with tome blacks who believed in the existence of a Goddess, named Pungili This Goddess, tKc'y say, brought them fire) and bv her agency they lbel5eV«d they would attain some

better place after deadi. Tf e tribes in the vicinity of Sydney used to put faith in a sort of charm made out of pieces of red coral, whflsCthose of tho- Wide Bay and Burnett at present attribute erfcat virtue ,to a aholl reaein. bling mother of penrl. PfVido Howitt's Boy's Adven tures in Australia, and Frank Fowler's Southern Lights and Shadows.'] Note (16)i— Some stations are distant from a post office or town some two hundred miles, and there is often insuob places no road or even track to the station.