Chapter 111164036

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Chapter NumberIII
Chapter Title
Chapter Urlhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article111164036
Full Date1863-08-29
Page Number3
Corrections0
Word Count5082
IllustratedN
Last Corrected0000-00-00
Newspaper TitleThe Newcastle Chronicle and Hunter River District News (NSW : 1859 - 1866)
Trove TitleCivilisation; or, Dark Scenes in Australia. A Tale Founded on Fact
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CIVILISATION ; OR, DARK SCENES IN AUSTRALIA.

A TALE FOUNDED ON FACT. ?BT Ettienme— Author of ' Rough Yarns from the Bush,' ' Colonial Sketcbei,' ' Lire at the South,' ft*.

Chapter III.

' In which old Mick makti hit dtbut, and spirit a hit yams for the eiUertainmtnt of the community. In rain are slabs, or bar, or lock, Before their well-sharped tomahawk ; Well may the white roan quail with fear JJefore their swift sod iure-aitned ipear. Unpublished Peentt. 'Tracks ! tracks ! blackfellow's tracks I1' \ra9 the exclamation of Old Mick, as he one

evening crossed the run 10 the spot in which the cattle usually camped, and observed the plainly printed marks of naked feet on the line of road made by the herd in going to , water. Alighting from his horact he stooped down and examined the ground carefully, with the eye of one used to such proceed ings. No aboriginal possessed greater na tural ability for tracking than he ; many a time had he followed a herd of cattle for miles, and eventually found and driven them to their run, from the depths of some wild, tangled gully among the mountains, and once even, when some settler's child was lost at the Hunter River, it was solely recovered by his aid. It was no mean accomplish

ment he possessed ; other men were gifted by their Creator with talents and genius, and, possessing education, they held up their heads with pride : and Old Mick was proud .'of bis gift, too—the gift of observation; well he knew the tracks which each indi vidual animal or beast made in the bush, '?.; end he also knew the track of man, even though it were made so iightly that the stones and grass had hardly been displaced. He could tell it by a sort of instinct he pos sessed, added to which the tribes of the Macintyre had learned him much whilst he ,was a sojourner in their midst ; and now he is on his hands and knees, carefully fol lowing up the trail. There was an old gum tree near, and on the back of this was visible several murks or indentations, apparently in flicted with some blunt instrument, or , mogo(19). Here, then, all doubts ended ; Macks were in the neighbourhood — three plain footsteps were discernible, and, going on a little further, Mick found the cattle moved from the camp, from which during

the past six months they had never strayed. Not a single beast was there seen, but, perched on a gum tree in a gully near, he perceived several crows and eagle hawks, apparently waiting for their prey ; and, rid ing towards them, he saw a number of others rise from a carcase lying on the ground, on (lamination of which he found it to be a least from the herd usunlly camped at that place. ' My oath 1' said he savagely, as lie surveyed the remains of the dead beast, 'they've come at lust and bin at it ; Master Ctauler thinks we're safe, and so did I till ; this, bat now them thoughts is over, seeing u how them cannibals is round here, and m don't know the minute we may be mas Uttted by 'em. These aint daylight dar ! lots; they comes at night— comes on you

wircu jku 10 slurping, wuu uu vmiuiug ur nothink— just the blow of the tomahawk or ?pear, and that's all — no notice beforehand ; w I shall devise our lads to have a regular tiiint in this yer neighbourhood, and sarve these cattle out, as we sarved their mates »hen we come here lust— but, lur, what's that,' said he, as a spear hurled with great \ violence by a skilful hand struck the trees , near him, and shivered into a thousand ?t pieces—.' what's that,' repeated he, catch , ing sight of a dark form crouched down in ? 'ho grass, at about a hundred yards' distance. . Opening the kit in front of his saddle, Is took therefrom an old revolver, and, ; dashing the rowels of the spurs into his noble steed, bounded off like an arrow after to enemy, who, era he could approach, had men to his feet and was running in the di ; fiction of the scrub. Unencumbered by tffith.es or weapons, save the nullah-nullah [ '? carried, the agile savage seemed to fly ; *her than run from his pursuer. Old Mick

?fgM Ins horse to the uttermost, but could not overtake him, for before he reached the ? Muodary of the covert, his assailant was in »% The dark and tangled nature of the W$le, and his imperfect knowledge of its i %inths, forbade his following the savage, ? ?ty. he resolved to be revenged by shooting {! h first black who should come in his path. * lot old man turned his steps homeward, I 'uli after a short and monotonous ride, , 'wed the station. Mick rode up to the face, hung up his horse, and proceeded to '» men's hut. Bill Brown aud Paddy 'Jtts were there, the former lying on his torth asleep among blankets and skins, and; j ''tier busily engaged washing a few, ? W which had come from the table of his' outers. 'Well, Mick,' said Paddy, ion re late man, but there's the billy on ''nrewid tay in it, and there's plenty of 'Wind damper in the safe. How is the Wlle.now— are they down at the black 'f'tog place vat ?' «' Himh man.' said'

?JJ1*!' where'a Geordie, I ? want him at eej «-A|)( wnnt_what-8 the matter °*r said Paddy ? ' Geordie's away to the U or a load of rails, aud hasn't come c',.Vet; the cove sent him early this )?? ij mK for saplings and rails— them same :? .g!«nd Bill cut— they're 'bout seasoned .?»? '0 Matter Chaules said ; but what's ne matter, Mick, are you ill wid the gripes, Jjbatr' 'No, man,' said he, 'but ' rVme» my name's not Mick if we aint W lot work afore long; them darkies is a Ming about, and here we are with no JJ caution than if wu was in the heart of ? JWy or Melbourne— going out without J ,,e- nn,a such like ; fact,' added he see-: f ;r .°'w» look of amazement, 'fact, « »W a spear flung at mo, and afore I J' get my pistol out the fellow was off; Annoy he did run, like an emu, so I lost I J^aa«ru- j but never mind (as we used I «H^*WMt?° — * 'to'** h«tohet. in use among the trlbos I «« j. T1 lhe oI'lllle-1 PWon of whom proftr ths iroM I ?men to them erory year by the GoYsrnmenl.

to say when we got nabbed iu old times), better luck next time ; so I'll go to the cove, and put him. fly to this circumstance; cattle speared, too.' So saying, Old Mick left the hut. Great consternation was depicted on the fiices of all on that station when they beard these tidings, and they talked and dis cussed it ever and over again, till all mounted horses, and rode off to the spot in which the cattle bad camped. Towards evening, George Lockhead was met coming towards the station, and from him they learned seve ral of the herd were in the vicinity 6( the scrub. He did not Bee any black in the place from which he had loaded the rails, consequently everybody believed their com.

?'b ™ao i«ciciv iu rccuuiiuurc me place, and as Old Mick was addicted to the com* inon practice of ' blowing,' little credence was given to his Rtory. However, proof positive was there that blacks had been in the neighbourhood, from the fact that a beast had been killed, and a portion of the flesh carried away. The search for the herd proved effectual, for by nightfall the whole, with the exception of one or two stragglers, were mustered at the head station. They then rod* homo, elated beyond measure that there was so little cause for complaint; all were satisfied excepting Old Mick, who grumbled the whole way home, and could scarcely be prevented from swearing, even in the pre sence of his master. After tea was over,

whilst they were smoking their pipes, he ap peared suddenly to regain his spirits, as he rubbed some cut up negrohead tobacco in his hand, preparatory to filling his ' du deen,' and, in a style of oratory of which Demosthenes might have been proud, thus addressed the assembly : — ' Master Chaules and Ned, and you my mates, 1 must say I'm regularly cowed out by the doubts which hasheen throwed on my voracity this ere day, and I say that if so be any man is tfie man to take it out of me, I'm ready to give him the benefit of the science in Tom Sayers' style, but if not, then I'm done di rectly. You all knows bow an old hand feels when his voracity's peached ; well, I feels like that, from my heart I feels it, to think any one should doubt what I said about blacks ; but I sees it was all meant in fun, and us a joke I overlooks it, and hopes, therefore, Master Chaules and the rest an you will overlook the liberty I've taken in dressing myself to you. Howsom ? 1_ I 1*11 1« , . ? ? ...

ever, jaus, x it ugnc my pipe now, ana will spin you a yarn (with jyour commission), just to show you that I'm not, nor ever was, frighted of any man.' No interruption was offered, the pipe was lighted, and he again resumed) as follows :— 'It's now seven year or more, lads, since I went out with Mr. Wilraot to the Bay— I mean White Bay (20)— there was a good fow of us, and people as k no wed us said hs how we were sure to bo ktllod there. However, we went, and, after u long journey, arrived at our destinution. It was something like this place, only more mountaiuy and ecruboy, uud, us to blacks, they was there in swarm's, and they used to come round our huts same as bees, lor the scraps which ourdootor (21) used to throw away after cooking ; and we made friends of some on 'era, uud used to

iiuve em woraiug iviiu us ntier cattle ; anil then our cove fancied a garden^ so he set a few darkies to dig up the ground, and pre pare it for corn ; and, lor ! how them dnf kies did gammon to work, though any one with hulf un eye could seo they didn't like it, and it was all play when the muster was away, I vised to have two of these unculti vated cannibals near me when 1 went after cattle, and often times have I thought what a risk all hands run on that place from so many darkies being about ; but they couldn't see it, so I let them have their own way. Now, just about that time I got hurt with a bullock, who horned my mare and capsized myself ; I was completely laid up, and could do nothing. Now, our oove had sheep, and says he one morning to me, ' Mick,' says he, ' I want you to go out to the Range station, to hutkeep for those two new chums ; you'd better take your piece, as the blacks have been playing up there with the rations ; start to-morrow at day light—you know the way.' So shouldering

my double-barrelled gun, off I went early, and soon reached the Kongo station. It was a very snug place, considering the times, und hud quite a fine view, which delighted ihe young chaps as were my mates. One of these was quite a sohollard, and made ' poultry,' wliich he wrote in a book ; all the pnper he could got he used to write on in the bush, when he was minding his mon keys (22) i aud he used to tell me all about his pe.iple — how well off they were at home, and how he might have been so too if he hudu't been a fool to hisself. His father was a lawyer, or something of the kind, and the yonng feller: too; to see him, you'd say he was cracked ; he had a book all gilt; edges, called ' Byron's Poems,' and ho used to spout and rave out this in the bush to the gum trees, and then at night when lie came home he used to please me with his fine yarns ; oh, my, he was ft schollard, ami no mistake. Now, his other mate was shifted to the head station, and he and I wub left, to battle it out there for four long months, till just shearing time, when ono night, just about half-an-hotir to sundown, 1 hears the report of a pistol; I knew it was a pistol by the sound; it seemed quite near, so out I goes, fires one barrel of my gun, walks up top of the first ridge, and there I sees— what d'ye think I sees — but three blaokfellows running down towards the sorub ; but seoing I had my gun, they did not oorae Dear me. They hnd spears in their hands, and passed only a fow yards' distant. One of these was wlmt the people at our station called civilised blaoks ; I'd seen him many a time before. ' I know (20). White Bay, ot Wide Bay-now called Horvoy'a (21). Doctor— » eolsnlsl tsrm, meaning thelmtkceper or buih cook. (22). Monkeyt— skarlglnal name for, sheep. (23). When aboriginals Intend to do any mlMhtef,rthey tulir »°t in (he rasswr deicribtd,

you, Courlie/ said I ; he did not reply, but sent his spear whizzing within a few inches of my head. I instantly fired, but he got clear off he and his mates ; for what could I do alone, and without ammunition ? I feared something was up, so I steers off for the head station, sees the cove, and up and tells him all about it. It wns too dark then to set out, aud we conld not find our way through the bush, so we were compelled to wait till morning before we could start. Well, what do you think I heard thut night, but that all the civilised (or station) blacks had left the head station three days before (sJJ)), so I knew something was up. All niglit long I couldp't sleep, and at daylight we called the hands, got our horses, and set out for the Range. Before we got there, a large smoke was seen, and when wo reached it we found the hut nothing but a heap of ashes, and the yards at ill burning. We then visited the run, and there found more of these arch-devils' work. Poor Chauley ! we could not find him, but there was his body cut up into little pieces, with bis head on top of the pile (21). It made me shud der when I saw it, and so it did the other men ; but I felt it most of all, for he was my hutmate, and a good fellow too. I've got the book yet he read in, aud here it is,'' added he, pulling it from his bosom. ' That was Chauley's, and he whs quite a swell — a_ born svvc'l — and yet, lads, see he died that way. I wonder what his poor mother thought when she heard it. We made a

iiuio iu uuij Him luaia, uuunucu Vill u uuiltl we stamped it and put great logs on it, so that the native dogs should'nt get at him ; and though there wasn't any prayers said, still there wasn't a dry eye there when we'd ended our task. Ah I lads, I've been flogged in old Governor D ? 's time — seen 'em tied up to the triangles for their three dozen before breakfast, and wlieu the sound of the cat came on their bare backs, and the pieces of human flesh and blood was lyiug round the whipping-post after he'd done, and the

dogs came to lap up that gory mass (25) — I felt a kind of choking in my throat, but no more — nothing like so bad as I felt when poor Chauley was killed ; for I did thiuk it a mortal pity, he was such a good young feller — but it's all over now. If it had been me, who had no one — not even u missus or a child — to lament my loss, it would have been nothing ; but for him — his old mother will break her heart. We all went out again well aimed, and shot down the blacks right and left; we left none alive that we came near, so it was a long while till any showed at the station; but at last those that had esccped managed to crawl up and beg for mercy, and to be employed again.

Uur cove thought it was all correct, and promised to shoot no more, so we were all ordered to lay by our arms, and no more ammunition was served out., But though it seemed all square, still my mind often misgave me about the darkies, when I saw them onflking in the sun, or harmlessly en gaged in their nightly corroboreea; and really it did seem all right, when they used to go to their camp at night, though little we knew these apparently tume and civi lised fellows were communicating with their mntos in the Bcrub, and altogether forminer

plans for our destruction. Our muster was a soft-hearted follow, who thought kinduess would do a great deal, so he just gave them all they asked, and when a man lost anythiuc out of a hut he'd always make it good ; so them blacks did steal, and the cove forgive 'em always. At last a sartin day came — I members that day well— I was standing be fore the house, just about dinner time, along with my mate, sawing a treo we was going to gee rails out of, when the cove come out and sung out ' rations.' My oath ! them darkies had rations three times a day ; so they all came up, big and little, and stood in front of the verandah. They was all armed, but the cove couldn't see that, while he was a giving them some tobaoker. ' Too much narnug (26),' said one ; ' warnng (27),' said another, throwing down his bit on the ground. All the rest follored his example, and when Mr. Wilmot went to pick it up, one of them wretches struck him on the head, and the whole mob there and then rushed on him with spears, boome rangs, and tomahaws ; ho was killed before before you could say 'knife,' and before either me or Tom could help him. The wretches then chased us for our lives ; they

caught him, but 1 escaped, thanks to good heels and one of the cove's horses. So that's the yarn, lads, and it's as true us Gospel; take my word for it (28).' A few oihur tales of a similar clnss having gone the round of the oompany, it was deemed expedient to retire, and the party broke up, perfectly satisfied that Old Mick had learned a fow good lessons during the time he had spent in the school of Colonial Experience. ' (21). A fact— this murder actually took place. ' (25). A fact— vldo a book called 'Settlers and Con - victa,' by An Emigrant. (26'). Narang— small. , (27). Warning— No good, (28). A circumstance similar to tlio above took place about fiv« yearn since. A settler named Triverton was murdered by the blacks, at the vernnilah of his house, at the station of Kahellc, llurnett Dimrict, Queensland. His grave in to bo soen there at the present day, and there U a suitable inscription on the headstune erected near his tomb. Wo would draw the attention of those having horses to dispose of, to it notice from Edward Mnyno, thu remount agent for tliu New Zenlnnd Government, who is prepared to purohase such as are suited fur pavnlry work. The description pre ferred is gelding not under fiftoon hands high, or over soven yenra old, Cummniuuications flhoulil be forihwith nddrcsBod to Mr. Muyne, ut Mossrs. Bun and Co, 'a horse bazaar, Sydney, The admirers of K'o'mru Green in Sydney hnvo transmitted to him by thu mail that has just loft tho sum of £'M0, as an expression of their uiidi miniilied confldonce in him as tho iiquntlo repre sentative of this colony. An acknowledgment of tho thanki of thoso interested in Green 'h buccbhs was also forwarded to Henry Kelly, under whoso care Gieen went through his training, and it wai intimated to him that a more substantial appreoialion of his services would bo presentod to him ero long; by thoso who considered how much their favourito wus'indeblod to him for the »dvan age of hib expci itnec. I

Towards the dote of last week there wan a fresli of tome conne(j[neiicrt in the Hunter. The quantity of rain which h i fallen in the interior ban had the effect of swelling all the tributaries wliich come down from tlieju/gh lands which have no otlier out'et for their surplus wa'er than our river, tn Maiiland and its vicinity the rise wan considerable, attain ing at one time a height of 14 feet, which was greater than has been reached for the past eight montha. Accounts from the northern portions of Liverpool Pluins district speak of a heavy rain fall, which has caused almost all the streams to rise. Here our weather can scarcely be called settled. The sun shines forth pleasantly enough at times, but heavy showers, and threatening clouds, alternate with brighter sk'es. During Mon dny the wind varied from south to west, and back again at intervals; presenting in its keen feel a great contrast to the mild temperature of Sydney The harbour is well supplied with shipping, and the nu nerous masts alongside the various wharves bespeak a heavy trade. The Judges nnd the Legislature of Tasmania have come into collision in consequence of some expressions condemnatory of the Judges which one of the members made use of. The exceptional phrase was in a speech of Mr. Gregson's who

stated that the conduct of the Judges was 'atro- cious and villainous.' Aa the House offeed no apology, the Governor sent down a message re questing attention to the matter, which, after a warm discussion, was rescinded, but up to the latesi advices no action had been taken. So severe a charge against the highest leg') authoiities of the colony can only tend towards lessening the public respect for the administration of justice, — a step fraught wilh danger towards the well-being of the community in general. The Sydney Morning Herald has begun to open its eyes to the true state of our harbuur work. In its monthly summary the only work in progress here it can find to comment on is the erection of the additional steam-crane. The works for the dyke towards Bullock Island, it states, are suspended.

w o nave ever naQ great diliiculty in tracing tneir commencement. It his been evident that, for some little time r ast, the monthly progress recorded at this port has been more patent to that journal th«n to those on the spot. We are glad to find that it is coming round by degrees to the ' stern reality of our case.' As we anticipated in a recent issue, an alteration has been announced in the rates of postage appli cable to letters for the United Kingdom. Friday's Gazette contnined the official notification. Ap pe.n jng on the eve of a mail closing for England, no lit lc difficulty beset the letter writing public of Sydney as to the right constiuction of the notice. To those who delayed posting their letters to the

last moment no trilling perplexity presented itself in endeavouring rightly, to understand the altered rates. The terms, indeed, in which the announce ment is couched are fur from being easily under stood. The git of it is, that the British scale of weight will be henceforth adopted for letters going by the Marseilles route, instead of as hsretofore, a mixed one of English and French grades. Thus the addition to each rate for letters not exceeding balf-an-mmce will be 4d. beyond the Southampton route, a charge of Cd., making in all lOd. j above 4 oz., and not exceeding 1 nz., Is. 8d. ; above! oz., and exceeding 2 oz.. 3d. 4d. ; being, in fact, lur every ounce, or fraction of an ounce over the first ounce, a rate of Is. 8d. It would noi, of course, affect letlers from the district by'lnut mail ; indeed, the new regulation^ was not intended to come in'o operation until after the late mail had been des patched, but the ambiguity in wliich the notice was involvod did not so closely specify that wliich has since been explained. Henceforward, we trust, our readers, and the public generally, will not be at a loss to comprehend the. alteration which will be rather in favor of those who prefer the more speedy route, as they will be ablo to send for lOd. a letter lialf-on-ounce, which, previouoly, would hare been :harged one shil.ing.

It is understood ihat the sum of £1,200 is to be placed on the supplementary estimate-, to carry out additional haibour improvement at Wollon gong, as petitioneaior by the residents, whose op peal has been indorsed by the Engineer for Har bours. We wonder if a similar attempt on our parts for accelerated action on our b- half would be

eigHtuiy eiieu'ivc. luipuriuiiiby iiiuua gnnu now 11 appears, as in n.'es past, why not then, let us try The proverb »fiiims that ' the sauce fot Ihe goose, is also sauce far the gander,' — not always we fear. All desirous of offering their services as Volun teers on behelf of the New Zealand Government are recommended to apply at the New Zealand Offices, 11, Bridge-street, Sydney, where the autho rised agent of that colony may bo conferred with, and all particulars as to the service obtained. Mr. Bell, the gentleman in question, is anxioUs to enroll in the contingent as large a number as possible, fcr which purpose the office will remain open for some considerable time. The disposition of the Govetn itfent towards tliose volunteeriug is liberal, so that we trust, a corps will be raised here and in neigh bouring colonies, sufficiently strong to hold the inaingents in check, until the arrival of a reintbrce moHt of tioopa, — if not to put down the rising of the natives ? altogether. The Colonial Secretary has, we understand, undertaken to provide 1,200 stand of arms. The Maitland Circuit Cpurt commences its sit tings on Monday next, the 30th instant. The gaol delivery eompn'ses' — He-.iry Wilson, for murder, sent front the Murrurundi bench ; William Ecford, for horse-stealinj;, from the Singleton bench ; George Porter, forrnpe, from Murrurundi; James Collinn, for larceny, from' Raymond lerrace; John Ryan, for attempt nt rape, from Clarence Town ; and Catherine Morley, for unlawfully wounding, from Maitland. This list does not, of course, include bull cases. The Colonial Treasurer has deferred bringing forward hU budget until the want of confidence

motion, now belore the House, is disposed of. This course was pursued, v^e presume, in oider to fuel the pulse of the Assembly, to that the Govern ment might be able in:ro certainly to eatimuto the support it is likely to receive in the financial schemt about to be submitted. . We trust, however, that the inconvenience experienced in -former sessions of delaying thu passing of the estimates until the close of the year will operate Against a similar pro cedure. Buiely four clear months are now dis posable for the Government business before Cluist ma«. So it it to be hoped that lionorobe members will use all despatch, consistent with the trusts committed to them, in getting through the necos sury details of the department of tho Treasury. Pisaoveries of seams of coal further in'nnd, are now by no menus rare. One lias lately been come upon while sinking a well on the estate of John Durham Esq., called Wamboo, in the viol iiy of the Cockfighter's Creek, about twelve mi-es from Singleton. This seam, about 7 feet thick, Is des cribed us lying nbou 60 feet b^low tha surface, resting on clay, olosely allied to Fuller's north , Passing through this stratum of clay, wliich was 3 feet thick, a second fleam of coal wus readied, about 4 feet in thickness, b nonth which was rock, Tho sonroh for water, which led to this discovery, wus successful at a depth of 70 foot. The coal is stated to be of a Biinerior quality, and to bo oasily oMuiimble by tunnelling in tho side of the hill where it Is found. The show of shipping is very fair, and wharves generally are in full work. The Wulluend Com pany's men hnd a meeting with the manager, tho result of which was satisfactory, and work was re sumed under revised regulations. Qenerul com plaints of the dullness of trade nro occnuionaily fiord, although in some branches inaronsed activity may be traced. The various building!) in progress nrefmnking a show. The shop of Mr. Ingall has re, the framing of tho roof, ceived, in tho shoit spnee of six weeks from its commencement, uud it is ex pected that it will he ready for occupation in a month hence. Mr. Sottljy is olearlng rtway the old shed from the ground in Hunter-street, on which he purposes to build. These ari«, wo t.tlit, healthy ipiptons of increasing properii f.