|Newspaper Title||The Newcastle Chronicle and Hunter River District News (NSW : 1859 - 1866)|
|Trove Title||Civilisation; or, Dark Scenes in Australia. A Tale Founded on Fact|
CIVILISATION ; OR, DARK SCENES IN AUST.ltAL.IA.
? A TALE FOUNDED ON FACT.
Uv BV«BNNB— Author of 'Rough Yarns from the rlfcah,» ' Colonial Sketcbei,' ' .Life at the South.'
V CHAPTEH VIII. A GLIMPSE OH SAVAGE LIFE.
Could we read his rude heart, it has good traits within, Which the words of true kindness atone e're could reach, Through neglect, his short Life was a sad course of sin, And many the lessons its trials mar teach.
Many minds act from impulse; even the ciyHizEd-man. in his sphere does things from BUch causes^fiJings,! which, were he to sit down calmly and contemplate, he would not do. ' Savages seldom, or ever, stay to consider the justice of their pro ceedings ; prompted by their passion, they punish injuries with death. Considering such things, it will appear strange to the re'ader that men of such impulsory nature, actuated by:such terrible motives, should so far forget their animosity to their enemitss as to snare even one nerson from
that ship's company. The male? had oil perished; fallen beneath tho strokes of their tomahawks'; and the two females and their' children were but spared1 for a higher end ; a sacrifice worthy of the fiend-like hearts who planned it. In the previduB chapters of this story I have introduced my readers to a young savage named Uiambi, who, after the massacre ot his tribe by the whites, had joined himself to a party of natives, resident a few driys' journey from his birthplace, for though they deemed him Myal, (34) and openly avowed tbeir;'dislike to his race, still having influence with the old chief and his daughter, j Eriowera, he boldly went and told them all that had happened. It would occupy too much time and space to relate all that occurred in that interview between Uiambi and bin new found friends ; suffice it to say that they received him as. though he bad been of their kindred, and admitted him to the order of Noon or Brotherhood]; and with them he remained till that in auspicious day when captured by Mick. This tribe was one of the most powerful in Northern Australia; it numbered at least five hundred fighting men ; and was divided
into four distinct tribes, eaoh headed by a chief, and subject to a king who annually paid visits to the various assemblies, and obtained tribute from his subjects; had he been a civilized being he might have figured perhaps as somo colonial Legislator,', or Governor; as it was — lie was only a savage. Ulambi's father had been at one time the right hand warrior and favourite of this monarch hehad enjoyed privileges; foreign to other and better warriors ; yet, notwith standing this, he, together with Monglo, tho old chief, Had rebelled against their monarch, and departing from his territories had taken up their residenoe in that Valley which had. beeu the secret of the massacre perpetrated by the white men. The cause of their enmity was occasioned by the king iniqing the order of Wiriam'to his own —
«ju--iiir:wonnug1 iti«ins»r*«s~iiiio -me gouu graces of the .natives— they had thus been 1 enabled to .penetrate without aolestatiou to the far north, where they had literally settled down for life. Monglo, though staunch to old Uiambi in his dispute with the king and dislike to the Wirrium, or white men, could not bear to leave his daughter Enowera — she whom he loved more than all else — and such alone influ enced .his return to the tribe to ask pardon frora his snble mufesty— As to the other chief, he with his descendants and adhe rents fugitives, remained firm to his pur pose, and alienated himself from all former
companions. But lest the readers should think that we deal in mystery, it is our intention to give a short account of the VVirriam or white men resident with the aboriginals. Their names were severally James Thompson, or Nnoknnwamdn, (as he was colled by his black friends) ; Edward Drownlow, or Ynmberingah ; Sutnuel John
son, , or Muggrumbah ; and Long Sam, with a variety of aliases whose aboriginal appelation was Coolah. .These names were very'8ignificent ' Naokanwanda'1 meaning a great warrior — ' Yamberinttah,' the run ner, or fleet foot—' Muggrumbah,' the old man — ' Coolah,' the hasty or angry chief. Of these, James Thompson was r,he only
one who could lay claim to gentility. He was a gentleman's sou, and had been a clerk in a London office, but unable to with stand .the temptations of the gaming table and the blandishments of the female harpies who throng tho Metropolis, be drew largely on his employer's purse, or (in other words) forged cheques on them, till suddenly he found himse/f arrested for his crime, and
oast into prison. Feelings of remorse now agitated the bosom of the young clerk ; feeling which were augmented on beholding his aged sire and sister visit him in the condemned cell. Tears trickled dawn their cheeks to observe the sad situation of him whom they hoped to soe grow up an orna ment to society, and a blessing to his friends. Early had they trained him m the piulm of virtue, but bad companions had urod him to destruction and tha outcast
came to Australia, from.the Model Prison at Pontonville, .-yHh-ji^i''Bilent system '' graven on his mind; ffpnv the hulks at Woolwioh, and the baneful lessons learned from those who worked at virtue, over the sea to Botany Bay, to the chain gang, and assignment to a hard task meister ; to More ton Buy went that youth, and sickened with his lot, and the lashes that daily fell to his share. Tired of striving for tho mastery with those who held life of little value, he fled for safety to theforcBt, preferring ntlher to encounter tho savngo children of .the wilds, and risk the ohanoes of their protec tion, rnther than remain to renew his life of
Wture. So he fled to the bush, ho and his mates, one of whom had been yoked to him in the dray which they were compelled to draw like oxen ; (35) yoked to him in the same manner as one greyhound is coupled to another. . And wild and inhospitable as that wilderness appeared at first to the fugitives, still they did not despair of escape, notwithstanding their white pursuers were out many days after them, accompanied by blood hounds, and black trackers ; (36) and though at times these men hunters were so near as to touch the very bushes beneath which they lav concealedr still they escaped
the agony of the lash, the 'hardships and sufferings of civilization, to endure the keener hardships of savage life. At last, they fell in with aboriginals, who, though somewhat reserved at first, eventually be came theit:- friends ; which tribes they left, and boldly pushed forward to the interior; that erratic nature which characterizes the uncivilized son of the wiHs prompting them to penetrate ths mystery which then appear ed to surround that inner world. Striking boldlv northward, they sptedily reached the
Knlogaeti Boundary, and eventually located themselves in the midst of those savage tribes ; and here, as before remarked, they obtained the cognomen of 'Wirriam'or *f White Chiefs.' Up to the time when the '' Sea Belle ' was lost, no murders of their people had taken place, notwithstanding they hod seen many barbarous cruelties perpetrated by their black companions, and cannibalism appeared a recognized custom among them ; ' but, when that awful event took place, they saw the females brought to the oamp, they no linger felt secure in the boasted. protection of their quondam friends. Too well they knew the furious passions which agitate the breasts of all savages, to believe the possibility of their sparing two innocent and defenceless wemen, after hav ing slaughtered the other survivors from the the, ill fated vessel. At the time of the occurrence, . they had not been present ; but even had they been thero it would avail little, their feeble efforts being comparatively nothing against the overpowering number of the savages. There was little real sympathy among these white men for the captured. True they at first offered common place consolation, but with one exception they cared little what fate awaited them — they had borne too much puuishment to care for what others felt — thero was much selfishness in tluir hearts — and James Thompson was the only one, the reverse of the 'vile crew with whom he was associated, who looked on the captives- with emotion. — The old chief Monglo eyed with suspicion young Thomp son's readiness to assist the female captives, and at intervals throw out hints, which, though sufficiently plain, ho would not understand ; but, as Enowera his daughter had interceeded for them, . he promised their lives should be spared till the return of a messenger, who had been despatched to the king, in whose deoision he would abide. Revengejfor ^the.murder of his sou,
'6''- ~— ? v ..- ? . . ;i,.r women and infants ? were now his captives, and on them . ho would take vengeance. The Mooroin, or young Emu, (as they called him), was the chief warrior of his tribe, a dutiful and affectionate son, who, up to that time had contributed largely to the support of his father and sister ; now he was dead — they missed him sorely, and when the lamentations were raised by others who had lost friends in that late struggle, the old man sat apart and joined them not ;
his was no common grief; it was the silent agony which the heart feels when it has lost the dearest object of its affection ; their wail 'ot sorrow was soon ended; but his hours of mourning were many ; and in the stillness of the night he sat in his lonely gunyah, brooding on his deep sorrow, and forming plaus of vengeance horrible lo contemplate, such as oould only be formed by n soul, lost to sympathy and hope, Long and earnestly ho dwelt on the power he held, over tho defenceles women, which, fortune, or some other lucky chance, had thrown in his way, They were doomed by him to suffer, even though his own daugh ter shonld plead, as she had pleaded before,
lor their lives ; aye, they must suffer. The VVirriam, or white men, he believed to be staunch to his interests, and the time glided rapidly on — rapidly indeed to the fugitives, despite their misgivings ; and the faithful Enowera, nnd James Thompson, used all endeavours to allay their fears by telling them they^were quite safe. To the old ohief, however^ time glided slowly ; he longed for the arrival of the night of the lull, moon, for then his messenger was expected back with the decision of the king — that night would decide the fate of the enptives — so he longed and longed ; and and at last the eventful night cane — but we must not anticipate. So reader 1 with thy permission, we will o'en .retrace our steps to the station of Terimbool, and see how Mr. Charles and his brother Mick, and' Uiambi, and all the rest have fared since we took leave of them. ! ' C To be continued.)
Note (85.)— A fact, u related by on old hand. Note (36.)— Also a fact— In Government dny«, bush rangers nun other lawless characters went hunted by moans of black trackers!
We quote the following fiom Messrr. Hunter, Hough, ton wiU Company's oireular, dated Batavia, Slat Aug., to hand by steamer just arrived : — ' Coals.— Several cargoes nf English hare been so'd it IB f. per ton, deli, verable from on board, and 'hey are still in goad demand. Australian; None havo been offered for sale, but they would fetch a proportionate rate.' Summer weather Is coming upon us quickly. Thurs. day was clouday and close, Early yesterday mornirif?, we wore visited with rather a sharp thunder atorm, though but littlo rain fell. During the day the sun was bright and powerful, with breeze from tho sea. The up proaohing warm weather is also evidenced by the flips and inutquitoes, of which the &tlv»nco forces aro already malting their appearance. In consequence or the copious rainfall during tho winter, all flowers, fruits, and vece- tables Aro in a forward state, and, should thoy'bo pie. servi fl from destructive insect agencies, promise nn »'nii dant supply.