Chapter 100827914

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Chapter NumberI
Chapter Title
Chapter Urlhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article100827914
Full Date1865-04-08
Page Number6
Corrections0
Word Count7976
IllustratedN
Last Corrected0000-00-00
Newspaper TitleThe Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (NSW : 1864 - 1881)
Trove TitleExperiences of a Detective
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EXPE1RtEN~ES OF A DETECTIVE. Jf (.le(Prom tlhe.Australasian. ChIIPTER I. Anotrr ten years ago the Victorian govern ment was much at a loss for a.few first-class detectives of experience alnd tact, to trace ,out complicated and obscure cases of offepc: against the laws. For a long tiumo.a nium bor of blacklogs had successfully evaded tli, efforts of the Melbourno police to trace oue sevoral forgeries committed on somo of thi first houses of that city. . Accordingly;'a commissioner was despatchcd by the Gov ernor in Council to Downing-street, with an application to the Home Government to select a few- expei-ionced detectives, wh6 would be willing, for the high .pay of the Colonial Government, to emigrate under their patronage. I was ono of four recom mended .by '.the Commissioner-Genoral of ,Police in London to the emissary of the Colonial Government, was accepted, and took my passage in one. of thi fastest of Green's ships. The ship was one of the :tightli'st and prettiest, although not the largest, on the Australian line. We clearedi.the Thames and wore piloted through: the oChannel;with out any contcretemps,.. except' a few words I which took place between the captain Silesk-and the pilot, the former showining; as the latter thought, rather too great" an inclination to- encroach on his prerogative while in the Channel. Not being a nautical man, I could not venture an opinion on thei merits of the criso, but subsoquent events , proved the captain a very capriciousi man.: The voyage would have been a ,ery drill one indeed, and almost intolerable in its monotony, had it not,boen: for the captain ind a very ecrentrioe individniul named Cal eppa; the former: delighting in annoying the latter, who was. continually protesting, witll tears in lis eyes, against 'the captain's antashkerous conduct, or thlreateling, with a semi-dramatic expression, " to report him to his superiors.' { The firstlinitimation we: had of'oir good fortune in having such a fine butt and source f amusement on board was orio morning at he breakfast-table.. :.MIr Calloppa entered the cabin with 'his hlandkerchiof in hand ?covering his forehead, swaying and rocking "iis body to and fro, and appareontly suffer ing much pain "? "What's the matter,: 'Mr. Calloppa .?" roared half a dozen voices at once. Mr. Calloppa, amid many groans, sobs, mid.grunts, explained to the company that his head, in descending tle cabin stairs, had crie in contact with the bolt of the capstan o the deck above, and ho 'concluded his oaning explanation with theo following ejsonable and sensible riimark:I--I hopeo, ,refore, that Captain' Silesk will see the priety of at once having the said bolt screwed and removed." 1t tn-was said with such a tdne of imploring hlicity that all present.:felt assuredithe firod gentleman was in earnest in what he ; and doubtless, had the iship's helm boon ti s way, or had he knocked his head a st the mainmast, he would have '.' loped thi tCaptain Silesk would see the propriety of - once having them removed." . s tit-bit of dignified simplicity fsom the it ured man, caused a general titter, and at so signal-if significant winks be any tion of conspiracy-for his being made irk of their shafts, their play-ball and - taloon S?h captain delighted in aninoying him : direct manner, and 'pirsisted on one SISion in refusing to help him to sbom S soup. r. Calloppa, you ha?; been helped e timos most liberally.. What is your such made of? " said the captain, most vokingly. 'I demand some more soup,. captain," 1 Mr. Calloppa, with a broken 'voice and s in his eyes, thrusting out' his plate at bsame time.

titr. Calloppa was very fat, and had a pit appetite, and instead of restraining o''r encouraged it. Captain Silesk,' not t r a gentleman, lost no opportunity of I?ading the unfortunate fat one of his I ,?us appetite. Certainly it would have 1 much better for iMr. Calloppa had he pted some system of 13anting-but poor eating had not been heard of in. those nys--for ho was dreadfully bantered about is fat and appetite. Another gentleman iho sat at table, Mr. Caloure, adopted eother kind of torment to oppress Mr. Tlappa. He had a very inquiring look of verence when he addressed Mr. Calleppa ,cross the table, interrogating hini for in nrmation on some scientific subject, . of -hich he felt sure beforehand Mr. Calleppa 'e' nothing about. Mr. Calloppa's vanity fried .him too far to allow his admitting ignorance on any subject, so' the mis c·vous querist generally succeeded in lead d Mr: "Calleppa into a scientific state of bOidity, which set the table in a roar. On cuoccasion, when discussing very learnedly thavigation, hlie remarked, "to the navi ,Pa: longitude is all important, but latitude becs 0r?itter of moonshine." jar. Fox, a gentleman I am afraid ro r'tlto the canine quadruped of that name, flowontinually practising some practical unhn;poor Calleppa. Mr. Calleppa had rai.Ltof leaving his hat on the gangway upon 5d Mr. Fox must needs take the play cue hot day of tarring the inside of alway. 1hIr. Calloppa, all unconscious, with t hat and placed it on his shiny, enougig, bald head, and proceeded to take of floomnary walk before dinner, A com 2 thingof perspiration and tar rolled down plantede of his fat face, just dark enough the g.it look like a tattooed Indian's. and " said Capt. Silosk, "I'll have you Whoirons," as lie met the persecuted fat arour?he poop; "you've been robbing the ing isttres," he added, in a stern tone. they.iat, what captain ?" exclaimed the out l Mr. Calloppa. : ith"," said the captain, speaking to Fox, expr the same time pointing to Mir. Cal aike( "oee his face botrays him. It'sin and-D.t you rascal." muc nat, what ? " exclaimed the breath ' thile . Calloppa, taking off his hat. S nalso ship's tar," said the captain, burst 'rne a loud laugh. r, ho'o is the conspirator?" shrieked Mr. e asso5a, boiling between rage and fear. e. stani Fox, too, had a tantalising ,?-I and:f bantering Mr. Calleppa about r 1panJic?- scfrumferonce and small feet. Sthe id he could not balance himself o of: a s~ng wind blew on the ship's lar c as trr starboard quarter. Mr. Calloppa a]' ditioaned to refute the vile insinuation by " of' ging Mr. Fox to a walking match ; e men on the poop to be umpires;

the match to deomo off on the first stormy day. The wind soon came, and Mr. Cal loppa chosoe.tho windward side and Mr. Fox the lewacd rd. The dock just betwoen tho gangwiiy.stairs and the main hatchway was woll. greased on the windward side by Mifr. Fox's directions, to facilitato Mr. Cal lcppa's movements; accordingly, when Mr. Calloppa had just, as lie thought, arrived at fli ;:,od of his irst bheat, having, gained iground on 1Mr. Fo., he stopped on thh greased portion of the dock, tumbled over oni his side, and rolled from the windward to the looward side of .the vessel, his course being arrested by a coil of rope. .'Now then," said Fox, " I' oljct to your coming on my side ; keep- your own side; I know you couldn't run the first heat --that's a dozen of port into you. : Poor Mr. Calloppa, conisiderably crestl fallen,- got .up-amid roars of laughter on.the poop, and his health that night was idrunk atmhis ow'n expense, he little" suspecting the trick played him. When any -passeoigor wvaritd anything ,done, ': ho0 hoped the captain would'seo the propriety," &e. .-When a passenger wanted more soup or porlk;ror, in fact, anything, ,'lhe., demanded it." When anyone wished to-:pass from one line of conmorsation to -in otie'i; .'congifiudo. was all important, but iatitude was a 'pre nmatter of moonshine." When anything'kont irong,."who is the vilo conspirato?:'- -was' immediately in quird. Wheon ono.passengor wished another to walk on dock, he sanid grease. When hoat was wished to be expressed, the significant word tar was used. When Aus tralia was montionod by any one, passenger on board, he always expressed himself in Mr. Calloppa's language; who designated it with the peripliraso;e t?tbheo foundation of a vast anodm.ihty ompir? " Su~h"ivoro, the iosig'nificant little' things filicei kept up our spirits against-:the ad verso-winds ;: andrally it wasno& sin, for Ir COalleoppa oer for'noie moment thought Iid'"?'as' the 'sourci of fun, but ratler at-. tributed to lis! dloquenco the cause of his plhrass anid siayings being so quoted and st6reotypod.. The captain determined to have no words with pilots again, and accordingly on ont~r ing Port Philip Heads hoisted.studdingsail, and took no notice whatever:oftlho .pilot boat signals, but dashed on ignoring;all :re monstrance, and soon landedlius luckily on a sand bank. - ' . We'laiided in the month of Felruary, and I soon forgot all concerning the ship in the dust, crowd, and heat of Molbourne. I was not allowed time oven to season myself to'the' heat and dust. Immediately before I. had arrived a bank robbery had been committed, and although the numbers of-nearly all the notes were recorded in th'' bank: books, and although many were proved to be in circula? tion, they could in no, case be traced to the original tender6r. The whole available forces lad expended their best energies in vain, and as a last resource, with no very sanguine ox pectitions; the superilntendent gave me my warrant and --information- regarding the robbery... From the. locality in wwhich I found one of the notes in circulation, which was.nearto where others had been- identified, I concluded the robbers to be in the heart of the city, and at'least ,four in number. I saiuntered along Elizabeth-street one morn ing about 11 a.m., and was -met by'a young nan about twonty-ono,' who, with a laugh, said, .' good morning, Jommy?',' - - i" Good morning," returned I;holding out ny :hand at the same time, which he seized in iis hliand, decorated with large gold rings, and wet with a nervous 'perspiration. "I. have 'sein you somewhere before; where was it, eli? " : S"At the shanty of old Mother Brown's on the Red Hill, to be sure, you loose-headed fool," returned he., " I'vo made, a nice little

pile since I saw you old fellow; there's no two ways about that; and I mean to spend it Jemmy, and make myself jolly. Come and have a nip; you'ro a decent fellow, and o' colonial flies. You know, 'Jemniy;l'can get plenty more whereothis came from;, my oath I can, eommy (sho~'ing me a leatherh bag full of solid heavy nuggets, about fromi one to three pennyweights each).. Comoe, Jommy, I'll introduce you to some of my Melbourne fiiorids. I don't know how I got thelm, or -where I got them, ,or whether they've got me, but they, stick to me like bricks-by gosh they do;, and) I'll stickl to them,2 Jommy." I wont into the Shamrock and had a glass of wino, which I only protoeidod to drink, for I know my drinking powers would. soon :be put to a- test. I allowed him to talk of the place fiom i which' he had come until I had become quite familiar withl a locality I. hiad 'nevor soon, and could niaheaunswaor.ito him as though I really hadmeot him before.: Wheli he met me he had been indulging pretty freely, so it was no difficult task -for meto keeoop up the delusion inhis mind. He .was dressed in the usual lucky-digger style: patent-leather. napoleon boots, Bed ford cord pants, red, criiican ishirt, large black silk neckerchief, and cabbage-tree hat. His shirt served as'a large pocket, or I sup pose a sort of pouch, into which he thrust loose notes and his flaming yellow silk hand Ikerchief. At a glance I could see that, in his frank, open, unguarded manner, and his style of dress and conversation, he was only a lucky simpleton, who, having made a large sum of money, was now in town to "knock it down,". a's he saiid.. '.Therefore I had no hope of making anything of him; but my ear immediately caught the words about thli friends whom lie said 'stuck to him like bricks, and I determined to see them by his invitation. When wo-wont in to have the drink he invited me to take,iho put 'down a £5-note, \w'hich I snatched up with a laugh, anid said "I'll steal this," at the sanmo time glancing at the number, which I itriino diatoly recognised as one of the number on umy list. Heo took no notice of the aotion beyond saying "ell, you know a trick worith two of that." After we had left the bar, I made a iretence df going back for some cigars, and embraced the opportunity of: ex changing the, £5-noto givena for five £1 notes, saying to the landlord ,that .the £5 note would be more convenient to carry. When I overtook my friend in the ied shirt, I asked him in a careless i'ay where he had got the £5-note, 'remarking at the same time that "they are very scarce jist now, you can get nothing but those confoundod ones." "No fear, cockey, don't you lbeliove it," said he,. "the bundle that came from is a big one, and no flies;. my friend where we're going .can give you. a hatfull if you want 'em." I turned the conversation in uch. t -.care

loss way that my red-shirted friend forgot lnil about tho notes by the time we arrived at Ihis friend's houso in Little Bourko-stroot. Wo ontorod, and in the front room, which was 'voll furnished, sat throo girls, very coarse in appearance, though wlell dressed, and two mon who hlung their heads sullenly down as I entered with myfriond. I carried myself darelessly, and preotended to be half inebriated. Their coldness soon passed off. I was invited to join thornm at supper, which invitaitiosi I felt suro I should not neglect." '*I waited on the general manager of the Bank of - when I left my friends in Little Bourlko-stroot. Hio identified the note as one of those stolen from the bank. I now felt suro:that I was on the right track * and but for tihe faint scent I ]had hopes of being able to follow it up. The big roll of notes spolcokn of by oed Shirt (Smith) gavo me. courage. I returned tlhe same evening, and, as I always did afterwards, drank, or appeared to drink, and spend freely. They soon *ecame as loose to me as they were to. Smith. My reckless devil-may-care bearing completely put them off the first guarded ness slhbwn towards me. I playpd cards, and won at fist' ; my frieid Smith played cards, and won at first, as I' did. But' gra dually thle. trick changed, and every night my friend went to bed lighter in pocket, and I also; but he took a fever and played heavily, while I with some excuses only played for small stakes. I watched tlhe play very closely, and althoulgh slightly the worse for liquor, could plainly see the tricking going on. I noticed one of the girls sitting at one end of .the long table, professedly looking on, change the cards of the' two partners with her iands under the table, make signs by winks and nods, by hlolding up fingers,- by placing her hand on her hlead, hlier heart, her teeth, and nose. Tlhe stakes grew heavier and heavier on my friend's sido of thle table, and I could see he was:losing .temper as well as money. I thought it now a good opportunityto sound Smith; so wheni out the next 'day on the pier, after a few hints about card tricks,.lhe said " Well, I believe; Jemimy,. they've played some of their' littlegames on me. Built, by --,-.awhen I play fore Sambo (his horse), my rings, arid watch, if I catch them cheat ing, I'll Ilather the lot of 'em, and no flies; and I'm just the man as can do it, Jemmy." : " VWell," said I, " I can tell you liow you may beo'pretty certain as to whether they are intending to cheoat you or not. Demand to-night before youi commence to play double stakes; that is, insist on an equivalent of your valuables which you stake being placed on the table before you commence play." I felt sure tlhat if lie insisted on this they must prooduce some of the £5-notes wianting. " That's a good idea, Jemmy," said my excited friend; "I'll make them fork out the dust." I accordingly made up my mind that things had arrived at their climax, and that if anythling was likely to be done it would be on that night. I at once told off four of the .most plucky meqnin-tbe;: force, and desired them to accompany me at eight o'clock, in thieir private c1ohes' provided with goodistrong walking stlicks or whips and revolvess under their clothes. At eight o'clock I met my four, companions in Lons dale-street, and told them to saunter in a careless manner down Bourkle-street in about an hour. Immediately I joined my old friend in the red shirt, and we soon found "ourselves in .the old company at Little 'Bourke-stroet. ' The ladies were dressedaii, their gayest. The men, now four in number, received me with-very sullen looks, as Iplayed very little indeed, and had riot lost all the devil's mnioney they allowed nie to win in the first instance. My fiend was rebeived with a better grace, as ihe was a losing man. . ' .:.

The most sullen of the four, a sensual lookin'g little man they called Joe Smyth, threw down a new pack of cards, and pro posed to commence play. " First," said my friend "in the red shirt, " let's know ourn bearings.. What do: you allow me for Sambo, saddle and -bridle, those here rings, nuggets,; and 'watlh 'and chain 1 " " Oh;" said Bein Hall," a sturdy :young. fellow of about nineteen !,f say £150 for the lot." "No fear, cockey," " said my.friend; " a snob' to-day .down Elizabeth-street :offered me £150 for him alone '(meaning:Sambo), naked back." "Well, .,.say £200;" said Hall;:" we shan't fight over £50." '!No, I dou't.suppose you will," said my friend, " considering howl:easy you gets it. But," I say, you must lay down £200 before I take a card, and to-niight I'll min or lose." : 'Say win, old boy,". said Hicks; a jolly' lookinig follow, who looked too innocent for such company; " but you .'need'nt 'be per tickler about the money just now; we. ain't going to run for it." ' ",I shall be particular," said mIy friend. "I like business.. If I. give you stake and security for what I am about to pladyfor, I expect you to do the same." ? Well, iwell," said Hall, . get 'ut the notes, Hicks; 'he's only right." The coveted £5-notes were produced and forty.counted out, and a number, I could not make out, how. many, 'tied up iand put away again. ' Play commenced, and I sat watching (I knew not a welcome guest) the play, which was forosome time pretty oven; but at last it began to turn in the usual way. To any casual or superficial observer it must have appeared fair, ansfresh 'players were gene rally introduced; and the fresh players of course lost' evenly with' my man in the red shirt; but the' fact wvis,; that sometimes the fresh. player wa?;ia .confederate:. This, I fouid out..by closely? watching, their move ments. It struckl me,' dftier watching them on a previous occasion, that they were con tinually introducing some short sentence .with' a figure contained in it, which figure, after further observation, 'Ifound never ex ceeded 'ten-such as the' following :-" I bought 'three of the finest oranges to-day I over' tasted; "' and I noticed at the samo time the remark was made the hand of the speaker was lifted to stroke the beard, to scratch .the nose, to fold back the hair, placed on the heart, rub the eye,. or smooth the cheek. From long and close observa tion; I felt sure that this was a system of signs as clearly,, understood by three of the players as if they had expressed themselves in so many words. At last I saw a card piassed under the table, and standing up I said, " that is hardly fair gentlemen." I hid

hardly uttered the words, when H-all sprang to his feet, and with a frightful oath pre fixed to "you loafer," ho said, "what have you to do with it? I'll blow your brains out." I at once drew a splendid revolver I had ini my pocket, informed th them that I was the Quoon's officer, and ordered every one in the room not to move on pain of being shot. Hall's `eyes glistened with rage, and his teeth were firmly set. He cast a mpan ing glance at his companions, and had not a cowed look in their faces showed him that they were in no way disposed to face' the pistol, I feel sure he would have rushed me, and in a hand to hand encounter I feel con vinced I should have stood but a poor chance with the powerful young rascal. Itold my man in the red shirt to open the street door and let in my "friends," who by this time had congregated there. They came in and made prisoners of the whole gang (four), and I walked home considerably relieved of my anxiety. CIIAPTE-R II. While I have been detaining the reader thus far, he will perhaps ask, " what lhas this to do with my professional experience ? " Very natural question. While I was en gaged in this case-my first adventure in the colony-a: most firightful murder took place at a station near ]3urrampoor. The mur derer, or alleged murderer, was arrested it few hours afterwards, was committed, tried, and sentenced to death the day before I had the fourn blacklegs arrested. A petition, however, numerously signed, by two of the former employers of the condemned man and many other people of high standing, was presented to the Governor, praying for a respite, although the evidence against the accused was most conclusive, on the ground that there were two remarkable and unac counted features in the case-that the pre vious character of the condemned man was most exemplary, and because he firmly but resignedly protested that he was innocent. The reprieve was granted, and I was ap pointed to undertake the case for the purpose of accounting for the two' particular features of the affair.

The prisoners, whom .I at first thought. might be brought to justice, were acquitted on the ground of insufficient evidence, but were committed to'gaol for twelve months under the regulations of the Vagrant Act. My evidence as to the signs and dumb motions was scattered to:the four winds by the very able Mc Pherson, the prisoner's counsel. The mere possession of the bank notes, fastened up in a piece of pink tape which one of the clerks swore to, proved no thing. The passing the card under the table was also not received as evidence, as I could not swear that any card changed hands-I only saw a single card put forward under the table. On the night of the arrest I was highly complimented for the ability I had displayed so far by the chief commissioner of police, supplied by him with a good horse, a special warrant-or carte blanche-a cheque for;£50, and a letter to the inspector at Bur rampoor, to supply me with any means or assistance in his power. I took the road, and on the third day arrived at my destina tion. I gave my letter of introduction to Mr. Francis, the inspector, and he supplied me with' the depositions of the witnesses, promising to read them,.,with me for the purpose of supplying me with any local in formation I might want, and to accompany me afterwards to the station where the murder was committed. The following is the evidence for -and against the prisoner. ' -. Thomas Do Vere, a squatters deposed: I came to this colony in 1851 ; I am related to the De Vere family in Lincolnshire ; my wife died in 1852,. shortly after I had taken up a run on which I now live .(about ten miles from Burrampoor), leaving my son W'illiam, now twenty years of age, and iy deceased daughter Henrietta, seventeen years and five months of age; on the day before the murder, I' and my son William had occasion to go to Walla "Walla.station, about twenty miles from my own station, to bring in some cattle I had bought the week before; we left home on the afternoon at about 2 p.m. on the day before the murder, intending to return the next day, as. early as possible; when we left my daughter was quite well, but, as I thought, a little nervous; and I noticed' she came to me several times to kiss me, and say good bye ;. we returned the next day at about 11 a.m., after having left the cattle with the boy who was driving the other cattle formerly on the run; I rode home e; I found the large dog I own removed from its usual place, and chained near the door; I went into the house, and found a small fire burning; I knocked at my daughter's room and called, but received no answer, nor did I. hear any noise within; I saw bloody finger marks on the door handle; .this startled me very much; I rushed into the room and saw-(here the witness's voice became clicked and broken); I remember 'no more till?I felt myself being lifted up by a trooper. ' ' Cross-questioned by the prisoner's counsel: A female servant left our employment ten days before the murder; I have no reason to suspect anyone; my daughter was most amiable and inoffensive; I thought she was nervous because I saw her lip quivering, her hand trembling, and tears in her eyes when she said good-by; my son told me afterwards on the road, that she had said to him that she felt a strange foreboding that something was going to happen; lihe said that it passed off by calling her "a silly goose," and kissing her in a cheerful man nor when le said good-by; I never loft her before alone, as we had always had a servant before; I did not think there was any danger in leaving the house for one night; I swear positively that I never saw the prisoner before. William Do Vere deposed: I am the brother. of deceased; I followed my' father into the house after having put the horses into the stable; I found him senseless 'on the floor beside the bed where my sister lay in a pool of blood, in a state of semi-nudity; I went out in a state of great excitement, unchained the dog, and rode off on one of the horses towards Burrampoor; when I arrived at Burrampoor I secured two troop ers, who immediately accompanied me, alter hearine me relate in a hurried manner what had h~appened; another policeman was despatched from the station to inform the magistrate and get a doctor; when we returned my father was still senseless; and after some considerable exertion on the part of Sergeant O'Meara he was restored to con sciousness; shortly afterwards the doctor arrived with the magistrate; the magis trate immediately despatched the two troop

ors to search the bush,. and go? on towards. Burrampoor, and when they arrived to.send' on two policemen to the station, and others to scour the bush. Cross-examined: I never saw the pri soner till.I saw him in custody; before I left I thought my sister appeared nervous, and I asked her what troubled her, and she said she felt a strange foreboding that some thing was going to happen; I asked her what? she said she did not know, so I passed it off with a laugh, supposing that it was only a temporary lowness of spirits. Sergeant O'Meara sworn: I am senior sergeant of the force stationed at Burram poor; I remember the day in question; the former witness called at the station and informed me of the murder; I, in company with Constable Dougherty, at once proceeded to the station, about ten miles from Burram poor; it is about a mile from the Walla Walla road; I found the deceased lying in a state of semi-nudity, with her hands clenched, her eyes protruding, and her throat frightfully cut; her father was lying on the ground senseless; the son told me that he had fallen down in a fit; I found a knife on the on the bed covered with blood ; the knife now produced is the knife I found at the foot of the bed; I observed deep im pressions on the bed, like that which would be caused by a man kneeling on it; I exam ined the hands of the deceased, and found no hisirs there as I expected; I found a small window-sash lying on the ground shat tered, as if it had been forced off its hinges (which were very weak), in the outer room ; I found bloody finger marks on the outside of the door, and inside also; I weont outside and observed the dog whining; I asked where he had been fastened, and the son told me that when he left the dog was in his usual place, away a little distance from the door, where I then saw him, and that he had removed hidi when he arrived home; I went towards the dog, which commenced to fawn and whine in a piteous way; I approached close, and found that he made no hostile demonstrations, so I loosened him; he at once galloped off as hard as he could, in a westerly direction from the main road and station; I looked about the ground all round the house, and at last found a piece of-corduroy on the ground near the door of the house; it appeared to have been vio lently torn from the bottom of a man's trou sers, was jagged, such a piece as a dog might bite out; I questioned Mr. Do Yere about the habits of the dog; he said that the dog was always savage, that he could not account for his removal, his allowing me to unfasten him, or his running off into the bush whining; the piece of cloth now produced is the piece I found; when the magistrate arrived with the doctor, I was despatched with orders to scour the bush and send men to the station; I determined to strike off into the bush in the direction I observed the dog take ; after riding in the westerly direction the dog took, I was obliged to turn in a northerly direction so as to strike Burrampoor; when within about a mile from BurrampoorI saw the pri soner walking towards that town; I pretended not to observe him; he was walking in the came direction as I was walking my horse; he advanced towards me as soon as he caught sight of me; he told me that a murder had been committed at a station about eight or nine miles from where we were; I. saw blood on his trousers, and asked him how it came there; he turned pale, looked down at his trousers, and ex claimed, "Oh, my God!" I asked him how he knew there had been a murder com mitted; he hesitated a moment ; I thought I had good reason to arrest him, so I told him he need not answer unless he chose, as I arrested him on sqspicion of being the murderer ; and I cautioned him as to what he said, as it might be used in evidence against him; he said he could not account for the blood, but that he called at the station on his way about an hour and three quarters before, found the door open, and saw some one lying on a bed in the inner room covered with blood; "I went in," he said, "and saw a young woman with her throat cut lying dead on the bed, and was hastening to inform the authorities." Cross-questioned by prisoner's counsel: Never saw the man before; he'tdid not appear much excited when I saw hiin first; it was not till after I noticed the blood on his trousers that he appeared disconcerted; can positively swear to the knife by a tradesman's mark. on it; it was a new knife; the mark was on the white bone of the handle,' in ink; 'the prisoner never said a word to me about a senseless man lying on the grounid. Dr. Wendemire, a duly qualified medical practitioner, sworn: I remember the morn ing in question; I proceeded, in company ivith Mr. Middleton, the district magistrate, to the station of Mr. De VYore, and' found deceased lying on the bed in a pool of blood; the windpipe was partly severed, and the carotid completely severed; death must have occurred almost immediately after the in fiction of the wound; must have been com mitted fully six hours before I saw the body, if not more; the knife produced is the knife shown me on the morning I arrived at the station by the sergeant of police; it is just possible that a large man like thle prisoner ,ight got through the small window of the outer room. James Robinson, sworn: I am a store keeper, living on the road between TWalla WValla and Burrampoor; I remember Ser geant O'Meara coming to me on the night of the murder; he showed me a knife, which I identified as one of a stock I keep; I can swear to the trade or, private mark on it; my trade mark is " Buclingham;" the first mark e-n is the cost price, 8s. Gd.; the second mark i-n is the selling price, 5s. Gd.; it is my hand-writing; I remember the prisoner purchasing the knife now produced ontlho day before the murder; he said "it would do for what he wanted; " he called at my store about four p.m. on the day in question, and bought provisions as well as the knife. Cross-questioned: I remember the pri soner distinctly by his good manner, his hearty laugh, and candid style; he told me, laughing, that he "was nearly hard up, but the world was before him, and he did not care;" I know it is the knife I sold him by the mark, and because it is the only one I have sold out of the package, they having been on. hand a long time; I showed him several other kinds, but none suited till I slhowed him the kind now produced, and I remarked they were not liked, and that that was the first one I had sold; hle replied that it would do for what he wanted. - This closed the case for the prosecution. The crown-prosecutor went minutely over the evid?nce, summing up in a very dlear

manner the facts against the prisoner. He said there was a very clear case made out, on which no common-sense man need have a doubt. There was the purchase of the knife clearly proved; that the prisoner was in the vicinity at the time of the murder. There, on the verybed on which this foul murder was committed, this knife was found, which the prisoner had said " would do for what he wanted." It had been shown that it was possible for the accused to have got through the window of the outer room, where doubt less the murderer had entered. There was the evidence of the sergeant of police as to the blood on the trousers, the prisoner's embarrassment, and he arrested so soon after by Providence instigating the dog to point to the direction in which the prisoner had gone. He was well aware that there would be a case of respectable character bolstered up, that one or two unaccounted or insignificant items would be made a great deal of, that a dreadful lame story would be put in the best light by the prisoner's able counsel; but he (the crown prosecutor) felt assured that the case was being tried before intelligent unbiassed men-men who were too experienced to be swayed by unimportant coincidences, too much men of the world to be blinded by any reputed previous good conduct, or deceived by a poor lame denial. The facts of the case were as clear as the noon-day sun, and the jury, as an intelligent and honest jury, could not fail to find the prisoner guilty. For the defence, Mr. De Vere, senr., was recalled: Felt sure no one could get in at the doors without breaking the locks; never knew his dog to be friendly to a stranger before; would swear that the fragment from a pair of trousers was not a piece of cloth from any of the trousers he had worn, or his son's either; could not find that any of his property had been stolen. Sergeant O'Meara recalled: Could not swear that he followed the dog's track for any great distance, but would swear that he continued for some time in the direction the dog took; the prisoner did not state any thing about finding a senseless man in the room till after the coroner's inquiry had been concluded; he was sure the prisoner started when he spoke of the blood on his. trousers, and also when the knife was pro duced; still thought the prisoner might hove got in at the window; the dog did not bark when it saw the prisoner; it licked his hands. The prisoner's counsel then successively called Mr, Faitthorne and Mr. Harpwright, the prisoner's former employers, to testify to his sobriety, industry, and honest character, which they did in the highest terms, adding that he had left their employ in both cases on his own account, for reasons of his own. By both he had been employed as storeman, and his conduct while in either service was unimpeachable. Mr. Rutherford then" addressed the judge and jury on behalf of his client. He said that he had received instructions from the unfortunate accused only to act in a fair and' impartial manner; all he wanted was fair play. He had a clear conscience, and there fore stood fearless before God and man. No attempt would be made to bolster up a case of respectability. The jury had heard the. testimony of two highly respectable wit nesses, and they were bound to accept it in equal weight against other evidence from other respectable men. His client's story was simple and disingenuous. He did not attempt to deny that he had purchased the' knife, but he solemnly declared that he had lost it out of his swag somewhere between the store and where he had camped, about half a mile from the station. He had only called as a wayfaring man at the station for a light; the door of the house was open when he called, when what should he see to his horror, but a human being lying on a bed in a pool of blood. What was more natural than that he should enter to see what was wrong ?-what was more likely than when, standing beside the bed on which the mangled body lay, he should have brought his trousers in contact with the blood-stained bed-clothes ? What was more probable than that he should not have observed the blood-stained knife lying on the bed-the knife he had lost the night before ? What was more probable than that he should rush out horror-stricken intending to inform the police? He must have entered shortly after the son's departure; he found no dog obstructing his entrance, and he felt bound as a Christian man to enter, and then do his best in hastening to inform the authorities. He was overtaken by a mounted trooper, and, like an honest man, advanced towards him with the view of telling him the dreadful story. Was it sur prising that an honest man would be startled when his attention was called to blood lihe had not observed before on his clothes? when he saw suspicion's eye watching him? when suddenly flashed on him the network of untoward circumstances weaving round him like a death shroud? when he saw at a glance his fearful position, as the storm-beaten mariner sees for a moment the mighty mountain billows that threaten to overwhelm him, just for an instance when a vivid flash of lightning bursts forth to light up for a second the terrors of the dark night? He asked the jury as men of nerve, what would their feel ings have been in such a moment? Was it surprising that he should have forgotten he had left a senseless man on the floor? He ad mitted that the evidence of the knife was fatal evidence to his client; but it was har'd at nearly all times to prove a negative. He would remind the jury of the favourable evidence given by his client's former employ ers; and of the evidence which showed it tobe almost impossible that the prisoner should have entered the window. He would ask the jury to dismiss the nonsense about the dog, and urge them to bear in mind the un fortunate lonely position of the prisoner; his account of losing the knife, the window difficulty, the doctor's evidence, the unac counted-for piece of cloth, and he felt sure that if all was viewed with a comprehensive eye, the jury, bearing in mind the many cases of circumstantial evidence which had been the means of sending so many inno cents to their graves ignominiously, they could not help entertaining a strong doubt; and if there was a doubt, they as sworn jurymen were bound to give the prisoner the benefit of that doubt. The judge, in summing up, briefly re capitulated the evidenco, pointing out the salient points as shlown by the counsel on : either side. The purchase of the knife was clearly proved, and its subsequent discovery on the bed of the murdered body. :It:waS'. for them to prove what the prisoner'u un.

corroborated statement was worth against the telling facts they had heard from the mouths of sworn witnesses. The shade of mystery cast around the odd tricks of the dog, the piece of strange cloth, might have their weight with the doctor's evidence, but against the damning fact of the knife, which the prisoner's statement would only account .for by supposing a miracle had been wrought, and the fact of his early arrest so soon after the committal of the horrid deed, would leave little room in their minds to doubt as to by whom the deed had been com mitted. The jury, after retiring for about ten minutes for deliberation, returned with a verdict of guilty. The prisoner was asked by his Honor if he had anything to say as to why sentence of death should not be passed upon him. He replied that he reserved what he had to say till after sentence. His Honor then addressed the prisoner in. a very impressive manner. He said it was the most painful case ever brought before him in his long experience. He (the prisoner) had lived till then a virtuous and steady life, had received a fair 'education, and shown by his former conduct a keen discrimination between right and iwrong, and had suddenly departed from the path of rectitude, and had plunged himself into the lowest depths of crime for a hellish purpose. He (the judge) could not conceive how one previously so good could suddenly descend ,to commit a deed so foul on the person of one so young, unoffending, and.innocent; the only way to account for it was to sup pose that 'the prisoner was mad; but no evidence had been brought forward to show Sthat at any time he (the prisoner) had laboured under any mental aberration; in fact, the demeanour and bearing of the prisoner all through the trial had been that of a sensible, cool, and innocent man. It was dreadful to think how unmoved he had been, with what calm effrontery lie had listened to the relation of facts which were driving him fast to his tomb, and into the presence of his Maker. He (the judge) would not hold out the slightest hope to the prisoner, as he had not the slightest moral doubt as tighis guilt, for the evidence had been damning. He (the judge) exhorted the Sprisoner no longer to endeavour to deceive them by wearing a cloak of pretended inno cence, no longer to trifle with his precious moments, but prepare with all his heart and speed to appear before that God whom lie could not hide his sins from, and whom lie would soon have to meet. His Honor then senrtenced the prisoner to death in the usual form. The prisoner then, leaning forward in the dock, said: Your Honor and gentlemen of the jury, I admire your conduct, which isj open; fair, and reasonable. You are only mortaL men, and of course can only judge superficially of the facts brought beforeyou; and those facts which tell so fatally against me,:I must admit, are, in the providence of God, damning facts, and your verdict based upon them is an honest one. I have no object now in saying what I am about to say, for I am a lost man; I am the victim of circumstances; as his Honor says, I have no hope. Truly, I have no hope. I cannot prove to men that what I have said is true, therefore I must die--and die I know I shall, and I am quite resigned; but, gentle men, more clearly than you now see and think you see the blackest 'of criminals, does God see and know that 'I am entirely innocent of this hellish crime. (Here the prisoner's voice broke, and he burst into tears-a glass of water was brbught). He continued: Even my own story, as far as it' goes-and every word of it God Iknows is truth-helps to bring me to the gallows and to a death, ignominious in itself, but with an infamous crime imputed to me that would make me detested by even the vilest of man kind, Gpntlemen, I can look up boldly from .the enjoyment of a clear conscience and say I have lived an honest life, and have never wronged any man. I do not hope to change your minds, I do not wish it, as I shall now 'only end a life of misfortune; but I do im plore. you to use your influence, after 'my death; in- having a further investigation made. The one already made is very super ficial, and does not account for those myste rious phenomena which I hope, in the hands of Providence, may be the means of bring iniig the real culprit to justice, and removing "the: infamy from my name, and removing my mangled body from an ignominious grave to an honorable one. Even after the prisoner had been removed, the whole court sat silently gazing at the place where the athletic form and. honest countenance had been animated by an appa rent self-consciousness of innocence. (To be continued.)